Journal Article
. 2002 Sep; 20(19):3947-55.
doi: 10.1200/JCO.2002.02.069.

Standard versus intensified chemotherapy with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support in small-cell lung cancer: a prospective European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Lung Cancer Group Phase III Trial-08923

Andrea Ardizzoni 1 Vivianne C G Tjan-Heijnen  Pieter E Postmus  Erica Buchholz  Bonne Biesma  Hanna Karnicka-Mlodkowska  Rafal Dziadziuszko  Jos Burghouts  Jan P Van Meerbeeck  Steven Gans  Catherine Legrand  Channa Debruyne  Giuseppe Giaccone  Christian Manegold  European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Lung Cancer Group  
  • PMID: 12351591
  •     14 citations


Purpose: To assess the impact on survival of increasing dose-intensity (DI) of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and etoposide (CDE) in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC).

Patients And Methods: Previously untreated SCLC patients were randomized to standard CDE (cyclophosphamide 1,000 mg/m(2) and doxorubicin 45 mg/m(2) on day 1, and etoposide 100 mg/m(2) on days 1 to 3 every 3 weeks, for five cycles) or intensified CDE (cyclophosphamide 1,250 mg/m(2) and doxorubicin 55 mg/m(2) on day 1, and etoposide 125 mg/m(2) on days 1 to 3 with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor [G-CSF] 5 micro g/kg/d on days 4 to 13 every 2 weeks, for four cycles). Projected cumulative dose was almost identical on the two arms, whereas projected DI was nearly 90% higher on the intensified arm. Two hundred forty-four patients were enrolled. The first 163 patients were also randomized (2 x 2 factorial design) to prophylactic antibiotics or placebo to assess their impact on preventing febrile leukopenia (FL). This report focuses on chemotherapy DI results.

Results: With a median follow-up of 54 months, 216 deaths have occurred. Actually delivered DI on the intensified arm was 70% higher than on the standard arm. Intensified CDE was associated with more grade 4 leukopenia (79% v 50%), grade 4 thrombocytopenia (44% v 11%), anorexia, nausea, and mucositis. FL and number of toxic deaths were similar on the two arms. The objective response rate was 79% for the standard arm and 84% for the intensified arm (P =.315). Median survival was 54 weeks and 52 weeks, and the 2-year survival rates were 15% and 18%, respectively (P =.885).

Conclusion: A 70% increase of CDE actual DI does not translate into an improved outcome in SCLC patients.

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