Journal Article
. 2003 Jun; 52 Suppl 5:v1-15.
doi: 10.1136/gut.52.suppl_5.v1.

Guidelines for the investigation of chronic diarrhoea, 2nd edition

P D Thomas 1 A Forbes  J Green  P Howdle  R Long  R Playford  M Sheridan  R Stevens  R Valori  J Walters  G M Addison  P Hill  G Brydon  
  • PMID: 12801941
  •     209 References
  •     41 citations

No abstract available

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Detection of small intestine bacterial overgrowth by means of a 14C-D-xylose breath test.
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Pancreolauryl and NBT-PABA tests. Are serum tests more practicable alternatives to urine tests in the diagnosis of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency?
P G Lankisch, J Brauneis, J Otto, B Göke.
Gastroenterology, 1986 Feb 01; 90(2). PMID: 3484456
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A new faecal chymotrypsin method for evaluating the exocrine pancreatic function in patients with different pancreatic diseases.
C Lesi, G V Melzi D'Eril, +2 authors, P Malaguti.
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Highly Cited. Review.
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N J Talley, S F Phillips, +3 authors, A R Zinsmeister.
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Aetiology, medical history, and faecal weight in adult patients referred for diarrhoea. A prospective survey.
P Bytzer, M Stokholm, +2 authors, O B Schaffalitzky de Muckadell.
Scand J Gastroenterol, 1990 Jun 01; 25(6). PMID: 2359988
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J Persson.
Scand J Gastroenterol, 1991 Jan 01; 26(1). PMID: 2006395
Idiopathic bile acid malabsorption--a review of clinical presentation, diagnosis, and response to treatment.
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Gut, 1991 Sep 01; 32(9). PMID: 1916479    Free PMC article.
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A Bertomeu, E Ros, +2 authors, S Navarro.
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Fecal incontinence.
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J L Isaac-Renton.
Clin Lab Med, 1991 Dec 01; 11(4). PMID: 1802524
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The effect of diarrhea on fecal fat excretion.
K D Fine, J S Fordtran.
Gastroenterology, 1992 Jun 01; 102(6). PMID: 1587412
Fecal immunoreactive lipase: a new tubeless pancreatic function test.
R Muench, R Ammann.
Scand J Gastroenterol, 1992 Apr 01; 27(4). PMID: 1589707
Glucose malabsorption associated with rapid intestinal transit.
J H Sellin, R Hart.
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The diagnosis of small bowel bacterial overgrowth in elderly patients.
I P Donald, G Kitchingmam, F Donald, R M Kupfer.
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A J Eherer, J S Fordtran.
Gastroenterology, 1992 Aug 01; 103(2). PMID: 1634072
The gastroenterologist's osmotic gap: fact or fiction?
H J Binder.
Gastroenterology, 1992 Aug 01; 103(2). PMID: 1634087
Tc HMPAO-labelled white cell scintigraphy in Cröhn's disease of the small bowel.
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Clin Chim Acta, 1992 Jan 31; 205(1-2). PMID: 1521341
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P Collin, M Mäki, +3 authors, A Pasternack.
Scand J Gastroenterol, 1992 May 01; 27(5). PMID: 1529270
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Highly Cited.
Laxative induced diarrhoea--a neglected diagnosis.
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The self-limited nature of chronic idiopathic diarrhea.
R G Afzalpurkar, L R Schiller, +2 authors, J S Fordtran.
N Engl J Med, 1992 Dec 24; 327(26). PMID: 1448122
Post-cholecystectomy diarrhea: evidence of bile acid malabsorption assessed by SeHCAT test.
G Sciarretta, A Furno, M Mazzoni, P Malaguti.
Am J Gastroenterol, 1992 Dec 01; 87(12). PMID: 1449156
Fecal fat concentration in the screening of steatorrhea.
L Benini, S Caliari, +5 authors, I Vantini.
Digestion, 1992 Jan 01; 53(1-2). PMID: 1289179
Evaluation of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of Giardia lamblia in stool specimens.
J E Rosenblatt, L M Sloan, S K Schneider.
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis, 1993 May 01; 16(4). PMID: 8495591
Serum 7 alpha-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one concentrations in the evaluation of bile acid malabsorption in patients with diarrhoea: correlation to SeHCAT test.
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Gut, 1993 May 01; 34(5). PMID: 8504974    Free PMC article.
A rapid high-performance thin-layer chromatographic urine screen for laxative abuse.
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Clin Biochem, 1993 Jun 01; 26(3). PMID: 8330386
Diagnostic yield of colorectal neoplasia with colonoscopy for abdominal pain, change in bowel habits, and rectal bleeding.
A I Neugut, G C Garbowski, +4 authors, W C Lee.
Am J Gastroenterol, 1993 Aug 01; 88(8). PMID: 8338084
Clinical utility of the serum pancreolauryl test in diagnosis and staging of chronic pancreatitis.
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Am J Gastroenterol, 1993 Aug 01; 88(8). PMID: 7687820
Chronic diarrhea in diabetes mellitus: mechanisms and an approach to diagnosis and treatment.
M A Valdovinos, M Camilleri, B R Zimmerman.
Mayo Clin Proc, 1993 Jul 01; 68(7). PMID: 8350642
Natural course in chronic pancreatitis. Pain, exocrine and endocrine pancreatic insufficiency and prognosis of the disease.
P G Lankisch, A Löhr-Happe, J Otto, W Creutzfeldt.
Digestion, 1993 Jan 01; 54(3). PMID: 8359556
Highly Cited.
Function tests in the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis. Critical evaluation.
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Digestion, 1993 Jan 01; 54(4). PMID: 7694884
Reduced accuracy of 14C-D-xylose breath test for detecting bacterial overgrowth in gastrointestinal motility disorders.
M A Valdovinos, M Camilleri, G M Thomforde, C Frie.
Scand J Gastroenterol, 1993 Nov 01; 28(11). PMID: 8284631
Evaluation of patients who meet clinical criteria for irritable bowel syndrome.
B A Tolliver, J L Herrera, J A DiPalma.
Am J Gastroenterol, 1994 Feb 01; 89(2). PMID: 8304298
Bile acid malabsorption in Crohn's disease and indications for its assessment using SeHCAT.
H Nyhlin, M V Merrick, M A Eastwood.
Gut, 1994 Jan 01; 35(1). PMID: 8307458    Free PMC article.
Bacterial overgrowth without clinical malabsorption in elderly hypochlorhydric subjects.
J R Saltzman, K V Kowdley, +4 authors, R M Russell.
Gastroenterology, 1994 Mar 01; 106(3). PMID: 8119531
Brief report: factitious diarrhea detected by measurement of stool osmolality.
M Topazian, H J Binder.
N Engl J Med, 1994 May 19; 330(20). PMID: 8159195
Does a normal small-bowel enteroclysis exclude small-bowel disease? A long-term follow-up of consecutive normal studies.
T J Barloon, C C Lu, H Honda, K S Berbaum.
Abdom Imaging, 1994 Mar 01; 19(2). PMID: 8199540
Lactose malabsorption. Optimalization of investigational methods.
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Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl, 1993 Jan 01; 200. PMID: 8016574
Comparison of a tissue transglutaminase ELISA with the endomysium antibody test in the diagnosis of gluten-sensitive enteropathy.
M Sárdy, S Kárpáti, +4 authors, A Horváth.
Z Gastroenterol, 2000 Jun 30; 38(5). PMID: 10875144
Use of colonoscopy to screen asymptomatic adults for colorectal cancer. Veterans Affairs Cooperative Study Group 380.
D A Lieberman, D G Weiss, +3 authors, G Chejfec.
N Engl J Med, 2000 Jul 20; 343(3). PMID: 10900274
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Surrogate markers of intestinal inflammation are predictive of relapse in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
J A Tibble, G Sigthorsson, +2 authors, I Bjarnason.
Gastroenterology, 2000 Jul 13; 119(1). PMID: 10889150
Highly Cited.
IgG(1) antiendomysium and IgG antitissue transglutaminase (anti-tTG) antibodies in coeliac patients with selective IgA deficiency. Working Groups on Celiac Disease of SIGEP and Club del Tenue.
F Cataldo, D Lio, +3 authors, G R Corazza.
Gut, 2000 Aug 15; 47(3). PMID: 10940273    Free PMC article.
Pancreatic cancer detection with magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: a prospective controlled study.
H E Adamek, J Albert, +3 authors, J F Riemann.
Lancet, 2000 Aug 30; 356(9225). PMID: 10963196
Tissue transglutaminase antibodies in celiac disease: assessment of a commercial kit.
E Sugai, G Selvaggio, +9 authors, J C Bai.
Am J Gastroenterol, 2000 Sep 28; 95(9). PMID: 11007235
High prevalence of undiagnosed coeliac disease in 5280 Italian students screened by antigliadin antibodies.
C Catassi, I M Rätsch, +4 authors, P L Giorgi.
Acta Paediatr, 1995 Jun 01; 84(6). PMID: 7670254
Idiopathic bile acid malabsorption: long-term outcome.
W Luman, A J Williams, M V Merrick, M A Eastwood.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol, 1995 Jul 01; 7(7). PMID: 8590159
Incidence of laxative abuse in community and bulimic populations: a descriptive review.
D M Neims, J McNeill, T R Giles, F Todd.
Int J Eat Disord, 1995 Apr 01; 17(3). PMID: 7773258
The risk of adenomatous polyps in asymptomatic first-degree relatives of persons with colon cancer.
F Bazzoli, S Fossi, +5 authors, E Roda.
Gastroenterology, 1995 Sep 01; 109(3). PMID: 7657106
Diagnostic yield of routine ileoscopy.
F R Zwas, N A Bonheim, C A Berken, S Gray.
Am J Gastroenterol, 1995 Sep 01; 90(9). PMID: 7661166
Factors influencing the 1-g 14C-D-xylose breath test for bacterial overgrowth.
S M Riordan, C J McIver, +2 authors, M C Thomas.
Am J Gastroenterol, 1995 Sep 01; 90(9). PMID: 7661169
Diabetic diarrhea.
S B Saslow, M Camilleri.
Semin Gastrointest Dis, 1995 Oct 01; 6(4). PMID: 8528643
Comparison of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with MR cholangiopancreatography in patients with pancreatitis.
G T Sica, J Braver, +3 authors, D F Adams.
Radiology, 1999 Apr 20; 210(3). PMID: 10207456
Small bowel bacterial overgrowth in subjects living in residential care homes.
S J Lewis, L F Potts, R Malhotra, R Mountford.
Age Ageing, 1999 Jun 01; 28(2). PMID: 10350416
AGA technical review on the evaluation and management of chronic diarrhea.
K D Fine, L R Schiller.
Gastroenterology, 1999 May 29; 116(6). PMID: 10348832
Tissue transglutaminase antibodies in celiac disease.
F Biagi, H J Ellis, +5 authors, P J Ciclitira.
Am J Gastroenterol, 1999 Aug 13; 94(8). PMID: 10445548
Lymphocytic colitis: a distinct clinical entity? A clinicopathological confrontation of lymphocytic and collagenous colitis.
F Baert, K Wouters, +7 authors, K Geboes.
Gut, 1999 Aug 14; 45(3). PMID: 10446105    Free PMC article.
Functional bowel disorders and functional abdominal pain.
W G Thompson, G F Longstreth, +3 authors, S A Müller-Lissner.
Gut, 1999 Aug 24; 45 Suppl 2. PMID: 10457044    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited. Review.
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R M Craig, E D Ehrenpreis.
J Clin Gastroenterol, 1999 Sep 09; 29(2). PMID: 10478874
Antibiotic efficacy in small intestinal bacterial overgrowth-related chronic diarrhea: a crossover, randomized trial.
A Attar, B Flourié, +3 authors, Y Bouhnik.
Gastroenterology, 1999 Sep 29; 117(4). PMID: 10500060
IgA-tissue transglutaminase (tTG)-antibodies are highly sensitive serum markers for celiac disease.
K Malberg, P Malfertheiner, N Bannert, T Günther.
Am J Gastroenterol, 1999 Oct 16; 94(10). PMID: 10520886
Altered bowel function and duodenal bacterial overgrowth in patients treated with omeprazole.
S J Lewis, S Franco, G Young, S J O'Keefe.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther, 1996 Aug 01; 10(4). PMID: 8853759
Role of small bowel biopsy in the endoscopic evaluation of adults with iron deficiency anemia.
Z Ackerman, R Eliakim, R Stalnikowicz, D Rachmilewitz.
Am J Gastroenterol, 1996 Oct 01; 91(10). PMID: 8855729
Fecal pancreatic elastase 1 is inaccurate in the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis.
S T Amann, M Bishop, C Curington, P P Toskes.
Pancreas, 1996 Oct 01; 13(3). PMID: 8884841
Endoscopically assisted direct pancreatic function testing: a simplified technique.
I Waxman, M L Steer, S D Freedman.
Gastrointest Endosc, 1996 Nov 01; 44(5). PMID: 8934181
Clinical evaluation of the faecal elastase test in the diagnosis and staging of chronic pancreatitis.
B Glasbrenner, A Schön, +2 authors, G Adler.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol, 1996 Nov 01; 8(11). PMID: 8944376
Faecal elastase 1: a novel, highly sensitive, and specific tubeless pancreatic function test.
C Löser, A Möllgaard, U R Fölsch.
Gut, 1996 Oct 01; 39(4). PMID: 8944569    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited.
Relative sensitivity of colonoscopy and barium enema for detection of colorectal cancer in clinical practice.
D K Rex, E Y Rahmani, +3 authors, J S Buckley.
Gastroenterology, 1997 Jan 01; 112(1). PMID: 8978337
Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in the symptomatic elderly.
S M Riordan, C J McIver, +3 authors, M C Thomas.
Am J Gastroenterol, 1997 Jan 01; 92(1). PMID: 8995936
Comparison of scintigraphy and lactulose breath hydrogen test for assessment of orocecal transit: lactulose accelerates small bowel transit.
M A Miller, H P Parkman, +5 authors, R S Fisher.
Dig Dis Sci, 1997 Jan 01; 42(1). PMID: 9009110
Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency: accuracy and clinical value of the uniformly labelled 13C-Hiolein breath test.
B Lembcke, B Braden, W F Caspary.
Gut, 1996 Nov 01; 39(5). PMID: 9026480    Free PMC article.
Postinfective diarrhoea and bile acid malabsorption.
S K Niaz, K Sandrasegaran, F H Renny, B J Jones.
J R Coll Physicians Lond, 1997 Jan 01; 31(1). PMID: 9044199    Free PMC article.
The highest incidence of celiac disease in Europe: the Swedish experience.
H Ascher, B Kristiansson.
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, 1997 May 01; 24(5). PMID: 9161966
Pancreatic steatorrhea, malabsorption, and nutrition biochemistry: a comparison of Japanese, European, and American patients with chronic pancreatitis.
T Nakamura, T Takeuchi.
Pancreas, 1997 May 01; 14(4). PMID: 9163777
13Carbon mixed triglyceride breath test and pancreatic enzyme supplementation in cystic fibrosis.
S Amarri, M Harding, +2 authors, L T Weaver.
Arch Dis Child, 1997 Apr 01; 76(4). PMID: 9166030    Free PMC article.
The effect of long-term omeprazole on the glucose-hydrogen breath test in elderly patients.
S Hutchinson, R Logan.
Age Ageing, 1997 Mar 01; 26(2). PMID: 9177664
Small bowel bacterial overgrowth in patients after total gastrectomy.
R Brägelmann, U Armbrecht, +3 authors, R W Stockbrügger.
Eur J Clin Invest, 1997 May 01; 27(5). PMID: 9179549
Identification of tissue transglutaminase as the autoantigen of celiac disease.
W Dieterich, T Ehnis, +4 authors, D Schuppan.
Nat Med, 1997 Jul 01; 3(7). PMID: 9212111
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A prospective randomized comparison between small bowel enteroclysis and small bowel follow-through in Crohn's disease.
C N Bernstein, I F Boult, +3 authors, G R Grahame.
Gastroenterology, 1997 Aug 01; 113(2). PMID: 9247455
Modified serum pancreolauryl test in chronic pancreatitis: evaluation in comparison to endoscopic retrograde pancreatography.
G Lock, R Kadow, +3 authors, A Holstege.
Hepatogastroenterology, 1997 Jul 01; 44(16). PMID: 9261608
Improvement in specificity of [14C]d-xylose breath test for bacterial overgrowth.
S J Lewis, G Young, +2 authors, S J O'Keefe.
Dig Dis Sci, 1997 Aug 01; 42(8). PMID: 9286221
Celiac disease and selective immunoglobulin A deficiency.
F Cataldo, V Marino, +2 authors, A Ventura.
J Pediatr, 1997 Aug 01; 131(2). PMID: 9290622
The smaller size of the 'coeliac iceberg' in adults.
G R Corazza, M L Andreani, +5 authors, G Gasbarrini.
Scand J Gastroenterol, 1997 Sep 23; 32(9). PMID: 9299671
Sensitivity of microscopy versus enzyme immunoassay in the laboratory diagnosis of giardiasis.
T G Mank, J O Zaat, +2 authors, A M Polderman.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis, 1997 Aug 01; 16(8). PMID: 9323478
The diagnostic yield of lower endoscopy plus biopsy in nonbloody diarrhea.
Y Patel, N M Pettigrew, G R Grahame, C N Bernstein.
Gastrointest Endosc, 1997 Nov 14; 46(4). PMID: 9351038
The current role of the barium examination of the small intestine.
D J Nolan, Z C Traill.
Clin Radiol, 1997 Dec 10; 52(11). PMID: 9392458
Acid steatocrit: a simple, rapid gravimetric method to determine steatorrhea.
S T Amann, S A Josephson, P P Toskes.
Am J Gastroenterol, 1997 Dec 17; 92(12). PMID: 9399770
High incidence and prevalence of adult coeliac disease. Augmented diagnostic approach.
P Collin, T Reunala, +4 authors, M Mäki.
Scand J Gastroenterol, 1997 Dec 17; 32(11). PMID: 9399394
The role of mucosal biopsy in the diagnosis of chronic diarrhea: value of multiple biopsies when colonoscopic finding is normal or nonspecific.
J H Lee, P L Rhee, +5 authors, J C Rhee.
Korean J Intern Med, 1997 Jun 01; 12(2). PMID: 9439153    Free PMC article.
Is ileoscopy with biopsy worthwhile in patients presenting with symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease?
K Geboes, N Ectors, G D'Haens, P Rutgeerts.
Am J Gastroenterol, 1998 Feb 19; 93(2). PMID: 9468242
Endoscopic screening of relatives of patients with colorectal cancer.
L M Hunt, P S Rooney, J D Hardcastle, N C Armitage.
Gut, 1998 Mar 20; 42(1). PMID: 9505888    Free PMC article.
13C labelled cholesteryl octanoate breath test for assessing pancreatic exocrine insufficiency.
M Ventrucci, A Cipolla, +2 authors, E Roda.
Gut, 1998 Mar 20; 42(1). PMID: 9505890    Free PMC article.
Determination of fecal fat concentration by near infrared spectrometry for the screening of pancreatic steatorrhea.
M Ventrucci, A Cipolla, +4 authors, E Roda.
Int J Pancreatol, 1998 Mar 31; 23(1). PMID: 9520087
Prevalence and clinical features of selective immunoglobulin A deficiency in coeliac disease: an Italian multicentre study. Italian Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology (SIGEP) and "Club del Tenue" Working Groups on Coeliac Disease.
F Cataldo, V Marino, +2 authors, G R Corazza.
Gut, 1998 May 13; 42(3). PMID: 9577342    Free PMC article.
Diagnostic yield of push-type enteroscopy in relation to indication.
B Landi, M Tkoub, +6 authors, C Cellier.
Gut, 1998 May 13; 42(3). PMID: 9577352    Free PMC article.
Faecal elastase 1: not helpful in diagnosing chronic pancreatitis associated with mild to moderate exocrine pancreatic insufficiency.
P G Lankisch, I Schmidt, +4 authors, S Liebe.
Gut, 1998 Jun 09; 42(4). PMID: 9616319    Free PMC article.
Celiac disease risk in the USA: high prevalence of antiendomysium antibodies in healthy blood donors.
T Not, K Horvath, +4 authors, A Fasano.
Scand J Gastroenterol, 1998 Jul 02; 33(5). PMID: 9648988
A UK survey of laboratory-based gastrointestinal investigations.
A Duncan, P G Hill.
Ann Clin Biochem, 1998 Jul 29; 35 ( Pt 4). PMID: 9681051
Prospective evaluation of endoscopic ultrasonography, endoscopic retrograde pancreatography, and secretin test in the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis.
M F Catalano, S Lahoti, J E Geenen, W J Hogan.
Gastrointest Endosc, 1998 Jul 31; 48(1). PMID: 9684658
Prospective assessment of the ability of endoscopic ultrasound to diagnose, exclude, or establish the severity of chronic pancreatitis found by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.
A V Sahai, M Zimmerman, +5 authors, B J Hoffman.
Gastrointest Endosc, 1998 Jul 31; 48(1). PMID: 9684659
Diagnosis of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in clinical praxis: a comparison of the culture of small bowel aspirate, duodenal biopsies and gastric aspirate.
P O Stotzer, A Brandberg, A F Kilander.
Hepatogastroenterology, 1998 Oct 02; 45(22). PMID: 9756000
Lymphocytic colitis: clinical presentation and long term course.
B Mullhaupt, U Güller, +2 authors, M Fried.
Gut, 1998 Nov 21; 43(5). PMID: 9824342    Free PMC article.
Incidence of collagenous and lymphocytic colitis: a 5-year population-based study.
F Fernández-Bañares, A Salas, +3 authors, J M Viver.
Am J Gastroenterol, 1999 Feb 18; 94(2). PMID: 10022639
Two way push videoenteroscopy in investigation of small bowel disease.
Y Bouhnik, A Bitoun, +3 authors, J C Rambaud.
Gut, 1999 Apr 06; 43(2). PMID: 10189858    Free PMC article.
Collagenous colitis: a study of the distribution of morphological abnormalities and their histological detection.
F A Offner, R V Jao, +2 authors, W M Weinstein.
Hum Pathol, 1999 Apr 20; 30(4). PMID: 10208468
Raised fecal fat concentration is not a valid indicator of pancreatic steatorrhea.
B Lembcke, K Grimm, P G Lankisch.
Am J Gastroenterol, 1987 Jun 01; 82(6). PMID: 3646827
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G J Krejs.
Am J Med, 1987 May 29; 82(5B). PMID: 3035922
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J M Turner, S Lawrence, +3 authors, G K Holmes.
Gut, 1987 Jun 01; 28(6). PMID: 3623216    Free PMC article.
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H S Mekhjian, T M O'Dorisio.
Semin Oncol, 1987 Sep 01; 14(3). PMID: 2820063
Faecal osmolality and electrolyte concentrations in chronic diarrhoea: do they provide diagnostic clues?
K Ladefoged, O B Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, S Jarnum.
Scand J Gastroenterol, 1987 Sep 01; 22(7). PMID: 3672039
Antibody negative coeliac disease presenting in elderly people--an easily missed diagnosis.
David S Sanders, David P Hurlstone, +4 authors, Christopher J Atkins.
BMJ, 2005 Apr 02; 330(7494). PMID: 15802721    Free PMC article.
Best practice in primary care pathology: review 6.
W S A Smellie, J Forth, +9 authors, T M Reynolds.
J Clin Pathol, 2006 Jul 11; 60(3). PMID: 16822875    Free PMC article.
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S Riestra, F Domínguez, +4 authors, L Rodrigo.
World J Gastroenterol, 2006 Aug 29; 12(31). PMID: 16937500    Free PMC article.
Differential diagnosis between functional and organic intestinal disorders: is there a role for non-invasive tests?
Francesco Costa, Maria Gloria Mumolo, Santino Marchi, Massimo Bellini.
World J Gastroenterol, 2007 Jan 18; 13(2). PMID: 17226899    Free PMC article.
Pre-endoscopy serological testing for coeliac disease: evaluation of a clinical decision tool.
Andrew D Hopper, Simon S Cross, +6 authors, David S Sanders.
BMJ, 2007 Mar 27; 334(7596). PMID: 17383983    Free PMC article.
Chronic diarrhoea--all in the bowel?
S Gupta, C J Tibbs, M J G Farthing, R C G Pollok.
J R Soc Med, 2007 Aug 08; 100(8). PMID: 17682032    Free PMC article.
Chronic diarrhoea.
Adrian Marston.
J R Soc Med, 2007 Dec 01; 100(11). PMID: 18048702    Free PMC article.
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Curt Tysk, Johan Bohr, +2 authors, Sune Eriksson.
World J Gastroenterol, 2008 Dec 26; 14(48). PMID: 19109861    Free PMC article.
The steatocrit as a measure of fecal fat excretion: uses and pitfalls.
B S Ramakrishna.
Indian J Gastroenterol, 2010 Feb 24; 28(6). PMID: 20177864
Mortality among HIV-Infected Patients in Resource Limited Settings: A Case Controlled Analysis of Inpatients at a Community Care Center.
Nirmala Rajagopalan, Joyce B Suchitra, +5 authors, Brian Wigdahl.
Am J Infect Dis, 2009 Jan 01; 5(3). PMID: 20204076    Free PMC article.
Pancreatic insufficiency in adult celiac disease: do patients require long-term enzyme supplementation?
Kate E Evans, John S Leeds, Stephen Morley, David S Sanders.
Dig Dis Sci, 2010 May 12; 55(10). PMID: 20458623
Diarrhea in neonatal intensive care unit.
Annalisa Passariello, Gianluca Terrin, +3 authors, Roberto Berni Canani.
World J Gastroenterol, 2010 Jun 03; 16(21). PMID: 20518089    Free PMC article.
Microscopic colitis in patients with chronic diarrhea and normal colonoscopic findings in Southern China.
Hong-Xiang Gu, Fa-Chao Zhi, +4 authors, Ya-Li Zhang.
Int J Colorectal Dis, 2012 Mar 21; 27(9). PMID: 22430889
Evaluating the patient with diarrhea: a case-based approach.
Seth Sweetser.
Mayo Clin Proc, 2012 Jun 09; 87(6). PMID: 22677080    Free PMC article.
Diagnosing small bowel malabsorption: a review.
Cinzia Papadia, Antonio Di Sabatino, Gino Roberto Corazza, Alastair Forbes.
Intern Emerg Med, 2012 Nov 28; 9(1). PMID: 23179329
Fibroblast Growth Factor 19 and 7α-Hydroxy-4-Cholesten-3-one in the Diagnosis of Patients With Possible Bile Acid Diarrhea.
Sanjeev S Pattni, W Gordon Brydon, Tracy Dew, Julian R F Walters.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol, 2012 Dec 15; 3. PMID: 23238290    Free PMC article.
Relationship between diversion colitis and quality of life in rectal cancer.
Dong Nyoung Son, Dong Jin Choi, +5 authors, Seon Hahn Kim.
World J Gastroenterol, 2013 Feb 06; 19(4). PMID: 23382634    Free PMC article.
Evaluation of farmers' diagnostic performance for detection of diarrhoea in nursery pigs using digital pictures of faecal pools.
Ken S Pedersen, Anne M Strunz.
Acta Vet Scand, 2013 Oct 22; 55. PMID: 24138810    Free PMC article.
Bile acid malabsorption in chronic diarrhea: pathophysiology and treatment.
Alan N Barkun, Jonathan Love, +2 authors, Hillary Steinhart.
Can J Gastroenterol, 2013 Nov 08; 27(11). PMID: 24199211    Free PMC article.
The effect of bariatric surgery on intestinal absorption and transit time.
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Obes Surg, 2014 Jan 01; 24(5). PMID: 24374942
Recent advances in diagnosis and treatment of microscopic colitis.
Curt Tysk, Anna Wickbom, +2 authors, Johan Bohr.
Ann Gastroenterol, 2011 Jan 01; 24(4). PMID: 24713787    Free PMC article.
Chronic non-bloody diarrhoea: a prospective study in Malmö, Sweden, with focus on microscopic colitis.
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BMC Res Notes, 2014 Apr 16; 7. PMID: 24731750    Free PMC article.
Clinical potential of naloxegol in the management of opioid-induced bowel dysfunction.
Jakob Lykke Poulsen, Christina Brock, +2 authors, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes.
Clin Exp Gastroenterol, 2014 Oct 04; 7. PMID: 25278772    Free PMC article.
New insights and challenges in microscopic colitis.
Bodil Ohlsson.
Therap Adv Gastroenterol, 2015 Jan 02; 8(1). PMID: 25553078    Free PMC article.
Low yield of routine duodenal biopsies for evaluation of abdominal pain.
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World J Gastroenterol, 2015 Jul 04; 21(24). PMID: 26139995    Free PMC article.
Demonstrating that colonoscopy is high quality.
Colin Rees, Laura Neilson.
Endosc Int Open, 2015 Dec 31; 3(6). PMID: 26716126    Free PMC article.
Multicentre prospective survey of SeHCAT provision and practice in the UK.
Jennifer A Summers, Janet Peacock, +7 authors, Fiona Reid.
BMJ Open Gastroenterol, 2016 Jun 03; 3(1). PMID: 27252882    Free PMC article.
Expert opinions and scientific evidence for colonoscopy key performance indicators.
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Gut, 2016 Nov 02; 65(12). PMID: 27802153    Free PMC article.
Experiences and Lessons from a Multicountry NIDIAG Study on Persistent Digestive Disorders in the Tropics.
Sören L Becker, Peiling Yap, +37 authors, Jürg Utzinger.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2016 Nov 05; 10(11). PMID: 27812101    Free PMC article.
Criteria for Referring Patients With Outpatient Gastroenterological Disease for Specialist Consultation: A Review of the Literature.
Carolyn De Coster, Monica Cepoiu-Martin, Carla Nash, Tom W Noseworthy.
Gastroenterology Res, 2011 Oct 01; 4(5). PMID: 27957014    Free PMC article.
Evaluation of the antidiarrheal activity of the leaf extracts of Myrtus communis Linn (Myrtaceae) in mice model.
Mekonnen Sisay, Ephrem Engidawork, Workineh Shibeshi.
BMC Complement Altern Med, 2017 Feb 12; 17(1). PMID: 28183311    Free PMC article.
Diarrhea after bariatric procedures: Diagnosis and therapy.
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World J Gastroenterol, 2017 Aug 03; 23(26). PMID: 28765690    Free PMC article.
A positive SeHCAT test results in fewer subsequent investigations in patients with chronic diarrhoea.
James M Turner, Sanjeev S Pattni, Richard N Appleby, Julian Rf Walters.
Frontline Gastroenterol, 2017 Oct 27; 8(4). PMID: 29067154    Free PMC article.
Lower gastrointestinal symptoms are associated with worse glycemic control and quality of life in type 1 diabetes mellitus.
John S Leeds, Marios Hadjivassiliou, Solomon Tesfaye, David S Sanders.
BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care, 2018 Jun 13; 6(1). PMID: 29892338    Free PMC article.
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J Can Assoc Gastroenterol, 2020 Feb 06; 3(1). PMID: 32010878    Free PMC article.
The investigation of chronic diarrhoea: new BSG guidance.
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Br J Gen Pract, 2019 Apr 27; 69(682). PMID: 31023694    Free PMC article.
Evaluation of the Antispasmodic and Antisecretory Activities of the 80% Methanol Extracts of Verbena officinalis L: Evidence From In Vivo Antidiarrheal Study.
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J Evid Based Integr Med, 2019 Jun 18; 24. PMID: 31204502    Free PMC article.
Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency after pancreaticoduodenectomy: Current evidence and management.
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World J Gastrointest Pathophysiol, 2020 Apr 23; 11(2). PMID: 32318312    Free PMC article.
Guidelines for the investigation of chronic diarrhoea in adults: British Society of Gastroenterology, 3rd edition.
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Gut, 2018 Apr 15; 67(8). PMID: 29653941    Free PMC article.
The Role of Purported Mucoprotectants in Dealing with Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Functional Diarrhea, and Other Chronic Diarrheal Disorders in Adults.
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Adv Ther, 2021 Mar 20; 38(5). PMID: 33738725    Free PMC article.
European guideline on indications, performance and clinical impact of 13 C-breath tests in adult and pediatric patients: An EAGEN, ESNM, and ESPGHAN consensus, supported by EPC.
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