Journal Article
. 2005 Mar;34(2).
doi: 10.1093/ije/dyh414.

Global trends in breast cancer incidence and mortality 1973-1997

Michelle D Althuis 1 Jaclyn M Dozier  William F Anderson  Susan S Devesa  Louise A Brinton  
  • PMID: 15737977
  •     143 citations


Background: Worldwide, breast cancer is the most common cancer and is the leading cause of cancer death among women.

Methods: To describe global trends, we compared age-adjusted incidence and mortality rates over three decades (from 1973-77 to 1993-97) and across several continents.

Results: Both breast cancer incidence and mortality rates varied 4-fold by geographic location between countries with the highest and lowest rates. Recent (1993-1997) incidence rates ranged from 27/100,000 in Asian countries to 97/100,000 among US white women. Overall, North American and northern European countries had the highest incidence rates of breast cancer; intermediate levels were reported in Western Europe, Oceania, Scandinavia, and Israel; and Eastern Europe, South and Latin America, and Asia had the lowest levels. Breast cancer incidence rose 30-40% from the 1970s to the 1990s in most countries, with the most marked increases among women aged > or =50 years. Mortality from breast cancer paralleled incidence: it was highest in the countries with the highest incidence rates (between 17/100,000 and 27/100,000), lowest in Latin America and Asia (7-14/100,000), and rose most rapidly in countries with the lowest rates.

Conclusions: Breast cancer incidence and mortality rates remain highest in developed countries compared with developing countries, as a result of differential use of screening mammograms and disparities in lifestyle and hereditary factors. Future studies assessing the combined contributions of both environmental and hereditary factors may provide explanations for worldwide differences in incidence and mortality rates.

The "El Alamo" project (1990-1997): two consecutive hospital-based studies of breast cancer outcomes in Spain.
M Martín, E Mahillo, +7 authors, B Bermejo.
Clin Transl Oncol, 2006 Jul 28; 8(7). PMID: 16870541
Cancer is overtaking cardiovascular disease as the main driver of socioeconomic inequalities in mortality: New Zealand (1981-99).
J Fawcett, T Blakely.
J Epidemiol Community Health, 2006 Dec 22; 61(1). PMID: 17183017    Free PMC article.
Comorbidity and survival of Danish breast cancer patients from 1995 to 2005.
D P Cronin-Fenton, M Nørgaard, +4 authors, H T Sørensen.
Br J Cancer, 2007 Apr 05; 96(9). PMID: 17406360    Free PMC article.
Modeling metastatic breast cancer in mice.
Jos Jonkers, Patrick W B Derksen.
J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia, 2007 Jun 26; 12(2-3). PMID: 17587153
On the avoidability of breast cancer in industrialized societies: older mean age at first birth as an indicator of excess breast cancer risk.
Isabelle Soerjomataram, Eero Pukkala, Hermann Brenner, Jan Willem W Coebergh.
Breast Cancer Res Treat, 2007 Oct 13; 111(2). PMID: 17932743    Free PMC article.
The plasticizer butyl benzyl phthalate induces genomic changes in rat mammary gland after neonatal/prepubertal exposure.
Raquel Moral, Richard Wang, +3 authors, Jose Russo.
BMC Genomics, 2007 Dec 08; 8. PMID: 18062813    Free PMC article.
Occupation and breast cancer risk among Shanghai women in a population-based cohort study.
Bu-Tian Ji, Aaron Blair, +8 authors, Wei Zheng.
Am J Ind Med, 2007 Dec 11; 51(2). PMID: 18067183    Free PMC article.
Both ovarian hormones estrogen and progesterone are necessary for hormonal mammary carcinogenesis in ovariectomized ACI rats.
Edward W Blank, Po-Yin Wong, +2 authors, Satyabrata Nandi.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2008 Feb 27; 105(9). PMID: 18299580    Free PMC article.
History of benign breast disease and risk of breast cancer among women in China: a case-control study.
Tsogzolmaa Dorjgochoo, Sandra L Deming, +5 authors, Xiao Ou Shu.
Cancer Causes Control, 2008 Mar 19; 19(8). PMID: 18347922    Free PMC article.
Risedronate prevents bone loss in breast cancer survivors: a 2-year, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.
Susan L Greenspan, Adam Brufsky, +5 authors, Victor G Vogel.
J Clin Oncol, 2008 Apr 23; 26(16). PMID: 18427147    Free PMC article.
Activation of estrogen receptor-alpha by the anion nitrite.
David J Veselik, Shailaja Divekar, +6 authors, Mary Beth Martin.
Cancer Res, 2008 May 17; 68(10). PMID: 18483281    Free PMC article.
Looking under the Hispanic umbrella: cancer mortality among Cubans, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans and other Hispanics in Florida.
Dinorah Martinez-Tyson, Elizabeth Barnett Pathak, Hosanna Soler-Vila, Ann Marie Flores.
J Immigr Minor Health, 2008 May 29; 11(4). PMID: 18506623    Free PMC article.
Breast cancer epidemiology in blacks and whites: disparities in incidence, mortality, survival rates and histology.
Claudia R Baquet, Shiraz I Mishra, +2 authors, Mary DeShields.
J Natl Med Assoc, 2008 May 30; 100(5). PMID: 18507200    Free PMC article.
Cancer of the breast: 5-year survival in a tertiary hospital in Uganda.
A Gakwaya, J B Kigula-Mugambe, +5 authors, D Kanyike.
Br J Cancer, 2008 Jun 26; 99(1). PMID: 18577991    Free PMC article.
Temporal trends in breast cancer presentation in the third world.
Stanley N C Anyanwu.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res, 2008 Jul 16; 27. PMID: 18620559    Free PMC article.
Mage-b vaccine delivered by recombinant Listeria monocytogenes is highly effective against breast cancer metastases.
S H Kim, F Castro, +3 authors, C Gravekamp.
Br J Cancer, 2008 Aug 30; 99(5). PMID: 18728665    Free PMC article.
Phase II trial of sorafenib in patients with metastatic breast cancer previously exposed to anthracyclines or taxanes: North Central Cancer Treatment Group and Mayo Clinic Trial N0336.
Alvaro Moreno-Aspitia, Roscoe F Morton, +6 authors, Edith A Perez.
J Clin Oncol, 2008 Dec 03; 27(1). PMID: 19047293    Free PMC article.
Rising incidence of breast cancer among female cancer survivors: implications for surveillance.
I Soerjomataram, W J Louwman, L E M Duijm, J W W Coebergh.
Br J Cancer, 2008 Dec 11; 100(1). PMID: 19066609    Free PMC article.
The decline in breast cancer incidence: real or imaginary?
Allison W Kurian, Christina A Clarke, Robert W Carlson.
Curr Oncol Rep, 2008 Dec 17; 11(1). PMID: 19080738
The neurotensin receptor-1 pathway contributes to human ductal breast cancer progression.
Sandra Dupouy, Véronique Viardot-Foucault, +8 authors, Patricia Forgez.
PLoS One, 2009 Jan 22; 4(1). PMID: 19156213    Free PMC article.
Methylation of homeobox genes is a frequent and early epigenetic event in breast cancer.
Stella Tommasi, Deborah L Karm, +2 authors, Gerd P Pfeifer.
Breast Cancer Res, 2009 Mar 03; 11(1). PMID: 19250546    Free PMC article.
Cadmium--a metallohormone?
Celia Byrne, Shailaja D Divekar, +2 authors, Mary Beth Martin.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol, 2009 Apr 14; 238(3). PMID: 19362102    Free PMC article.
Light-at-night, circadian disruption and breast cancer: assessment of existing evidence.
Richard G Stevens.
Int J Epidemiol, 2009 Apr 22; 38(4). PMID: 19380369    Free PMC article.
High efficacy of a Listeria-based vaccine against metastatic breast cancer reveals a dual mode of action.
Sun Hee Kim, Francisco Castro, Yvonne Paterson, Claudia Gravekamp.
Cancer Res, 2009 Jul 09; 69(14). PMID: 19584282    Free PMC article.
Body image disturbance and surgical decision making in egyptian post menopausal breast cancer patients.
Ashraf M Shoma, Madiha H Mohamed, +7 authors, Soheir G William.
World J Surg Oncol, 2009 Aug 15; 7. PMID: 19678927    Free PMC article.
A population-based audit of ethnicity and breast cancer risk in one general practice catchment area in North London, UK: implications for practice.
Michelle Ferris, Douglas F Easton, +8 authors, Rosalind A Eeles.
Hered Cancer Clin Pract, 2007 Jan 01; 5(3). PMID: 19725992    Free PMC article.
Breast cancer in Kurdish women of northern Iraq: incidence, clinical stage, and case control analysis of parity and family risk.
Runnak A Majid, Hazha A Mohammed, +3 authors, Michael D Hughson.
BMC Womens Health, 2009 Dec 17; 9. PMID: 20003359    Free PMC article.
ABL-N-induced apoptosis in human breast cancer cells is partially mediated by c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase activation.
Bin Liu, Mei Han, +4 authors, Jin-Kun Wen.
Breast Cancer Res, 2010 Jan 26; 12(1). PMID: 20096139    Free PMC article.
Integrin signaling through FAK in the regulation of mammary stem cells and breast cancer.
Jun-Lin Guan.
IUBMB Life, 2010 Jan 27; 62(4). PMID: 20101634    Free PMC article.
A vegetable-fruit-soy dietary pattern protects against breast cancer among postmenopausal Singapore Chinese women.
Lesley M Butler, Anna H Wu, +3 authors, Mimi C Yu.
Am J Clin Nutr, 2010 Feb 26; 91(4). PMID: 20181808    Free PMC article.
Declining death rates reflect progress against cancer.
Ahmedin Jemal, Elizabeth Ward, Michael Thun.
PLoS One, 2010 Mar 17; 5(3). PMID: 20231893    Free PMC article.
Cost-effectiveness of clinical breast assessment-based screening in rural Egypt.
Adel Denewer, Osama Hussein, +3 authors, Aiman El-Saed.
World J Surg, 2010 Jun 10; 34(9). PMID: 20533039
The prevalence and assessment of ErbB2-positive breast cancer in Asia: a literature survey.
Yew Oo Tan, Sehwan Han, +7 authors, Hanlim Moon.
Cancer, 2010 Aug 18; 116(23). PMID: 20715159    Free PMC article.
Breast cancer in low- and middle-income countries: an emerging and challenging epidemic.
Arafat Tfayli, Sally Temraz, Rachel Abou Mrad, Ali Shamseddine.
J Oncol, 2011 Jan 07; 2010. PMID: 21209708    Free PMC article.
Invasive breast cancer incidence trends by detailed race/ethnicity and age.
Lihua Liu, Juanjuan Zhang, +2 authors, Dennis Deapen.
Int J Cancer, 2011 Feb 26; 130(2). PMID: 21351091    Free PMC article.
Map making in the 21st century: charting breast cancer susceptibility pathways in rodent models.
Anneke C Blackburn, D Joseph Jerry.
J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia, 2011 Mar 08; 16(1). PMID: 21380934    Free PMC article.
Discovering mammography-based machine learning classifiers for breast cancer diagnosis.
Raúl Ramos-Pollán, Miguel Angel Guevara-López, +7 authors, Isabel Ramos.
J Med Syst, 2011 Apr 12; 36(4). PMID: 21479624
Cellular pharmacokinetic mechanisms of adriamycin resistance and its modulation by 20(S)-ginsenoside Rh2 in MCF-7/Adr cells.
Jingwei Zhang, Fang Zhou, +10 authors, Guangji Wang.
Br J Pharmacol, 2011 May 28; 165(1). PMID: 21615726    Free PMC article.
Perspectives of breast cancer etiology: synergistic interaction between smoking and exogenous hormone use.
Hong-Hong Zhu, Cao-Hui Hu, Paul Strickland.
Chin J Cancer, 2011 Jul 02; 30(7). PMID: 21718589    Free PMC article.
Pregnancy-induced changes in breast cancer risk.
Irma H Russo, Jose Russo.
J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia, 2011 Aug 02; 16(3). PMID: 21805333
Trends in breast, ovarian and cervical cancer incidence in Mumbai, India over a 30-year period, 1976-2005: an age-period-cohort analysis.
P K Dhillon, B B Yeole, +2 authors, F Bray.
Br J Cancer, 2011 Aug 11; 105(5). PMID: 21829198    Free PMC article.
Breast cancer risk in atomic bomb survivors from multi-model inference with incidence data 1958-1998.
J C Kaiser, P Jacob, R Meckbach, H M Cullings.
Radiat Environ Biophys, 2011 Sep 29; 51(1). PMID: 21947564
Tamoxifen and flaxseed alter angiogenesis regulators in normal human breast tissue in vivo.
Ulrika W Nilsson Åberg, Niina Saarinen, +3 authors, Charlotta Dabrosin.
PLoS One, 2011 Oct 11; 6(9). PMID: 21984941    Free PMC article.
Relationship of drug metabolizing enzyme genotype to plasma levels as well as myelotoxicity of cyclophosphamide in breast cancer patients.
Nasir Ali Afsar, Mike Ufer, +6 authors, Ingolf Cascorbi.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol, 2011 Oct 21; 68(4). PMID: 22012257
Implications of HER2 amplification in small, node-negative breast cancers: do Asians differ?
Fuh Yong Wong, Connie Siew Poh Yip, Eu Tiong Chua.
World J Surg, 2011 Nov 23; 36(2). PMID: 22105650
Potential health-modulating effects of isoflavones and metabolites via activation of PPAR and AhR.
Svjetlana Medjakovic, Monika Mueller, Alois Jungbauer.
Nutrients, 2010 Mar 01; 2(3). PMID: 22254019    Free PMC article.
Conjugated equine oestrogen and breast cancer incidence and mortality in postmenopausal women with hysterectomy: extended follow-up of the Women's Health Initiative randomised placebo-controlled trial.
Garnet L Anderson, Rowan T Chlebowski, +12 authors, Jean Wactawski-Wende.
Lancet Oncol, 2012 Mar 10; 13(5). PMID: 22401913    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited.
Effects of multidisciplinary team working on breast cancer survival: retrospective, comparative, interventional cohort study of 13 722 women.
Eileen M Kesson, Gwen M Allardice, +2 authors, David S Morrison.
BMJ, 2012 Apr 28; 344. PMID: 22539013    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited.
Role of scintimammography in the diagnosis of breast cancer.
Birendra Kishore Das, Biswa Mohan Biswal, Murali Bhavaraju.
Malays J Med Sci, 2006 Jan 01; 13(1). PMID: 22589591    Free PMC article.
Raising the Breast Health Awareness amongst Women in an Urban Slum Area in Alexandria, Egypt.
Ibrahim F Kharboush, Hanaa M Ismail, +4 authors, Hassan N Sallam.
Breast Care (Basel), 2012 May 24; 6(5). PMID: 22619648    Free PMC article.
Breast Self-examination: Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice among Female Dental Students in Hyderabad City, India.
Dolar Doshi, B Srikanth Reddy, Suhas Kulkarni, P Karunakar.
Indian J Palliat Care, 2012 Jul 28; 18(1). PMID: 22837614    Free PMC article.
Endocrine-disrupting chemicals: associated disorders and mechanisms of action.
Sam De Coster, Nicolas van Larebeke.
J Environ Public Health, 2012 Sep 20; 2012. PMID: 22991565    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited. Review.
Socio-economic and health access determinants of breast and cervical cancer screening in low-income countries: analysis of the World Health Survey.
Tomi F Akinyemiju.
PLoS One, 2012 Nov 17; 7(11). PMID: 23155413    Free PMC article.
Who and what is a "population"? Historical debates, current controversies, and implications for understanding "population health" and rectifying health inequities.
Nancy Krieger.
Milbank Q, 2012 Dec 12; 90(4). PMID: 23216426    Free PMC article.
Calcium intake is not related to breast cancer risk among Singapore Chinese women.
Jingmei Li, Woon-Puay Koh, +3 authors, Lesley M Butler.
Int J Cancer, 2013 Jan 16; 133(3). PMID: 23319293    Free PMC article.
Environmental Risk Factors in Breast Cancer. Preface.
Mary Beth Martin.
J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia, 2013 Feb 13; 18(1). PMID: 23400549
Efficacy of everolimus with exemestane versus exemestane alone in Asian patients with HER2-negative, hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer in BOLERO-2.
Shinzaburo Noguchi, Norikazu Masuda, +19 authors, Yoshinori Ito.
Breast Cancer, 2013 Feb 14; 21(6). PMID: 23404211    Free PMC article.
Dietary phytochemicals as potent chemotherapeutic agents against breast cancer: Inhibition of NF-κB pathway via molecular interactions in rel homology domain of its precursor protein p105.
Mohammad K A Khan, Irfan A Ansari, M Salman Khan, Jamal M Arif.
Pharmacogn Mag, 2013 May 11; 9(33). PMID: 23661994    Free PMC article.
Diverse effects of phytoestrogens on the reproductive performance: cow as a model.
Izabela Wocławek-Potocka, Chiara Mannelli, +3 authors, Dariusz J Skarżyński.
Int J Endocrinol, 2013 May 28; 2013. PMID: 23710176    Free PMC article.
Establishing a program for individuals at high risk for breast cancer.
Fernando Cadiz, Henry M Kuerer, +3 authors, Banu Arun.
J Cancer, 2013 Jul 09; 4(5). PMID: 23833688    Free PMC article.
p53 mutations associated with aging-related rise in cancer incidence rates.
Richard B Richardson.
Cell Cycle, 2013 Jul 11; 12(15). PMID: 23839036    Free PMC article.
Occupational exposure to magnetic fields and breast cancer among women textile workers in Shanghai, China.
Wenjin Li, Roberta M Ray, +9 authors, Harvey Checkoway.
Am J Epidemiol, 2013 Sep 18; 178(7). PMID: 24043439    Free PMC article.
Cancer incidence and mortality projections up to 2020 in Catalonia by means of Bayesian models.
J Ribes, L Esteban, +11 authors, J M Borras.
Clin Transl Oncol, 2013 Dec 18; 16(8). PMID: 24338506
Gelatinase B (-1562C/T) polymorphism in tumor progression and invasion of breast cancer.
P Chiranjeevi, K Mrudula Spurthi, +10 authors, H Surekha Rani.
Tumour Biol, 2013 Dec 21; 35(2). PMID: 24357512
Breast cancer screening in Albania during 2007-2008.
Aurel Kopeci, Dorina Canaku, +5 authors, Krenar Preza.
Mater Sociomed, 2014 Feb 11; 25(4). PMID: 24511273    Free PMC article.
Age - specific incidence rate change at breast Cancer and its different histopathologic subtypes in Iran and Western countries.
Maryam Sadat Hosseini, Maliheh Arab, +5 authors, Tahereh Ashraf Ganjoie.
Pak J Med Sci, 2014 Feb 20; 29(6). PMID: 24550952    Free PMC article.
Cost-effectiveness of breast cancer control strategies in Central America: the cases of Costa Rica and Mexico.
Laurens M Niëns, Sten G Zelle, +4 authors, Frans F H Rutten.
PLoS One, 2014 Apr 29; 9(4). PMID: 24769920    Free PMC article.
Age at diagnosis of female breast cancer in Oman: Issues and implications.
Itrat Mehdi, Essam Abdul Monem, +4 authors, Najla Al Lawati.
South Asian J Cancer, 2014 May 13; 3(2). PMID: 24818104    Free PMC article.
Breast cancer risk accumulation starts early: prevention must also.
Graham A Colditz, Kari Bohlke, Catherine S Berkey.
Breast Cancer Res Treat, 2014 May 14; 145(3). PMID: 24820413    Free PMC article.
PARP inhibitor reduces proliferation and increases apoptosis in breast cancer cells.
Yan Shi, Fang Zhou, +3 authors, Chuanyao Cheng.
Chin J Cancer Res, 2014 May 16; 26(2). PMID: 24826054    Free PMC article.
Mouse mammary tumor virus-like virus infection and the risk of human breast cancer: a meta-analysis.
Faliang Wang, Jinchao Hou, +4 authors, Hongchuan Jin.
Am J Transl Res, 2014 Jun 18; 6(3). PMID: 24936218    Free PMC article.
Histopathological profile of breast cancer in an African population.
Gd Forae, Fn Nwachokor, Ap Igbe.
Ann Med Health Sci Res, 2014 Jun 28; 4(3). PMID: 24971211    Free PMC article.
Barriers to breast cancer screening among a sample of Egyptian females.
Heba M Mamdouh, Hazzem El-Mansy, +4 authors, Omnia G El Sharkawy.
J Family Community Med, 2014 Jul 06; 21(2). PMID: 24987281    Free PMC article.
The efficacy of molecular subtyping in predicting postoperative recurrence in breast-conserving therapy: a 15-study meta-analysis.
Jing Chen, Peng Jiang, +7 authors, Shui Wang.
World J Surg Oncol, 2014 Jul 16; 12. PMID: 25022995    Free PMC article.
Epigenetic marks in estrogen receptor alpha CpG island correlate with some reproductive risk factors in breast cancer.
Pantea Izadi, Mehrdad Noruzinia, +2 authors, Fatemeh Kamali.
Mol Biol Rep, 2014 Aug 20; 41(11). PMID: 25135164
Breast cancer in European Union: an update of screening programmes as of March 2014 (review).
E Altobelli, A Lattanzi.
Int J Oncol, 2014 Sep 02; 45(5). PMID: 25174328    Free PMC article.
Neurological complications of breast cancer: study protocol of a prospective cohort study.
Susana Pereira, Filipa Fontes, +4 authors, Nuno Lunet.
BMJ Open, 2014 Oct 30; 4(10). PMID: 25351600    Free PMC article.
Multicenter phase II study of apatinib in non-triple-negative metastatic breast cancer.
Xichun Hu, Jun Cao, +10 authors, Hao Yu.
BMC Cancer, 2014 Nov 08; 14. PMID: 25376790    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited.
Shift work and breast cancer among women textile workers in Shanghai, China.
Wenjin Li, Roberta M Ray, +9 authors, Harvey Checkoway.
Cancer Causes Control, 2014 Nov 26; 26(1). PMID: 25421377    Free PMC article.
Molecular pathways involved in pregnancy-induced prevention against breast cancer.
Maria Barton, Julia Santucci-Pereira, Jose Russo.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne), 2014 Dec 30; 5. PMID: 25540638    Free PMC article.
Ethnic differences in mammographic densities: an Asian cross-sectional study.
Shivaani Mariapun, Jingmei Li, +2 authors, Soo-Hwang Teo.
PLoS One, 2015 Feb 07; 10(2). PMID: 25659139    Free PMC article.
Trends and variations in breast and colorectal cancer incidence from 1995 to 2011: a comparative study between Texas Cancer Registry and National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results data.
Zheyu Liu, Yefei Zhang, +4 authors, Xianglin L Du.
Int J Oncol, 2015 Feb 13; 46(4). PMID: 25672365    Free PMC article.
Cosmetic evaluation methods adapted to asian patients after breast-conserving surgery and examination of the necessarily elements for cosmetic evaluation.
Yuki Nohara, Noriko Hanamura, +7 authors, Tomoko Ogawa.
J Breast Cancer, 2015 Apr 04; 18(1). PMID: 25834615    Free PMC article.
Breast cancer biology and ethnic disparities in breast cancer mortality in new zealand: a cohort study.
Sanjeewa Seneviratne, Ross Lawrenson, +3 authors, Ian Campbell.
PLoS One, 2015 Apr 08; 10(4). PMID: 25849101    Free PMC article.
Female breast cancer incidence among Asian and Western populations: more similar than expected.
Hyuna Sung, Philip S Rosenberg, +10 authors, Xiaohong R Yang.
J Natl Cancer Inst, 2015 Apr 15; 107(7). PMID: 25868578    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited.
Application status of tamoxifen in endocrine therapy for early breast cancer.
Qiancheng Hu, Ting Luo, +3 authors, Hong Zheng.
Exp Ther Med, 2015 Jul 03; 9(6). PMID: 26136961    Free PMC article.
iROLL: does 3-D radioguided occult lesion localization improve surgical management in early-stage breast cancer?
Christina Bluemel, Andreas Cramer, +8 authors, Ken Herrmann.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging, 2015 Jul 15; 42(11). PMID: 26153146
Polyunsaturated fatty acid interactions and breast cancer incidence: a population-based case-control study on Long Island, New York.
Nikhil K Khankari, Patrick T Bradshaw, +11 authors, Marilie D Gammon.
Ann Epidemiol, 2015 Oct 11; 25(12). PMID: 26452606    Free PMC article.
Apatinib for molecular targeted therapy in tumor.
Haijun Zhang.
Drug Des Devel Ther, 2015 Dec 02; 9. PMID: 26622168    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited. Review.
SMAD4 expression in breast ductal carcinoma correlates with prognosis.
Nannan Liu, Chunyan Yu, +2 authors, Yuhe Liu.
Oncol Lett, 2015 Dec 02; 10(3). PMID: 26622737    Free PMC article.
Breast Cancer and Mammography Screening: Knowledge, Beliefs and Predictors for Asian Immigrant Women Attending a Specialized Clinic in British Columbia, Canada.
Catriona Hippman, Arezu Moshrefzadeh, +5 authors, Juliet Kwong.
J Immigr Minor Health, 2016 Oct 19; 18(6). PMID: 26706472
Incidence and Mortality Trends in German Women with Breast Cancer Using Age, Period and Cohort 1999 to 2008.
Shoma Berkemeyer, Dorothea Lemke, Hans Werner Hense.
PLoS One, 2016 Mar 05; 11(3). PMID: 26933878    Free PMC article.
Sumoylation of TCF21 downregulates the transcriptional activity of estrogen receptor-alpha.
Xiang Ao, Shujing Li, +4 authors, Huijian Wu.
Oncotarget, 2016 Mar 31; 7(18). PMID: 27028856    Free PMC article.
Adipokines and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in Normal Human Breast Tissue in Vivo - Correlations and Attenuation by Dietary Flaxseed.
Vivian Morad, Annelie Abrahamsson, Preben Kjölhede, Charlotta Dabrosin.
J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia, 2016 Apr 10; 21(1-2). PMID: 27059487    Free PMC article.
Breast cancer stem-like cells: clinical implications and therapeutic strategies.
Oana Mihaela Tudoran, Ovidiu Balacescu, Ioana Berindan-Neagoe.
Clujul Med, 2016 May 07; 89(2). PMID: 27152067    Free PMC article.
The Outcome of Breast Cancer Is Associated with National Human Development Index and Health System Attainment.
Kaimin Hu, Lixia Lou, +3 authors, Suzhan Zhang.
PLoS One, 2016 Jul 09; 11(7). PMID: 27391077    Free PMC article.
Age-specific cancer mortality trends in 16 countries.
Lee Liu, Kristen Liu.
Int J Public Health, 2016 Jul 16; 61(7). PMID: 27417643
Comparative Brain and Central Nervous System Tumor Incidence and Survival between the United States and Taiwan Based on Population-Based Registry.
Li-Nien Chien, Haley Gittleman, +8 authors, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan.
Front Public Health, 2016 Aug 06; 4. PMID: 27493936    Free PMC article.
Phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class X containing complex promotes cancer cell proliferation through suppression of EHD2 and ZIC1, putative tumor suppressors.
Makoto Nakakido, Kenji Tamura, +4 authors, Yusuke Nakamura.
Int J Oncol, 2016 Aug 31; 49(3). PMID: 27572108    Free PMC article.
Crosstalk of ROS/RNS and autophagy in silibinin-induced apoptosis of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells in vitro.
Nan Zheng, Lu Liu, +5 authors, Takashi Ikejima.
Acta Pharmacol Sin, 2016 Nov 22; 38(2). PMID: 27867187    Free PMC article.
Risk, Activism, and Empowerment: Women's Breast Cancer in Venezuela.
Mahmoud Eid, Isaac Nahon-Serfaty.
Int J Civ Engagem Soc Change, 2015 Jan 01; 2(1). PMID: 27868080    Free PMC article.
General Breast Cancer Awareness among Women in Riyadh City
Shibl Al Otaibi, Mutaz Al Harbi, +5 authors, Fatimah Al Mousawi.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2017 Feb 28; 18(1). PMID: 28240511    Free PMC article.
Potential therapeutic targets of Guggulsterone in cancer.
Ajaz A Bhat, Kirti S Prabhu, +4 authors, Shahab Uddin.
Nutr Metab (Lond), 2017 Mar 07; 14. PMID: 28261317    Free PMC article.
Lipid raft-mediated miR-3908 inhibition of migration of breast cancer cell line MCF-7 by regulating the interactions between AdipoR1 and Flotillin-1.
Yuan Li, Fei Shan, Jinglong Chen.
World J Surg Oncol, 2017 Mar 23; 15(1). PMID: 28327197    Free PMC article.
Knowledge, Attitudes, and Preventive Practice Towards Breast Cancer among General Practitioner Health Professionals in Morocco
Naima Abda, Adil Najdi, +7 authors, Chakib Nejjari.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2017 May 27; 18(4). PMID: 28545194    Free PMC article.
Comparison of annual percentage change in breast cancer incidence rate between Taiwan and the United States-A smoothed Lexis diagram approach.
Li-Hsin Chien, Tzu-Jui Tseng, +5 authors, I-Shou Chang.
Cancer Med, 2017 Jun 01; 6(7). PMID: 28560749    Free PMC article.
Does Survival Vary for Breast Cancer Patients in the United States? A Study from Six Randomly Selected States.
Hafiz M R Khan, Lisaann S Gittner, +5 authors, Maria Lyuksyutova.
J Environ Public Health, 2017 Aug 18; 2017. PMID: 28814958    Free PMC article.
Alteration of Mammary Gland Development and Gene Expression by In Utero Exposure to Cadmium.
Daniela A Parodi, Morgan Greenfield, +5 authors, Mary Beth Martin.
Int J Mol Sci, 2017 Sep 12; 18(9). PMID: 28891935    Free PMC article.
Drainage after Modified Radical Mastectomy - A Methodological Mini-Review.
George S Stoyanov, Dragostina Tsocheva, +2 authors, Rumen Nenkov.
Cureus, 2017 Sep 21; 9(7). PMID: 28929038    Free PMC article.
Quantitation of cell-free DNA in blood is a potential screening and diagnostic maker of breast cancer: a meta-analysis.
Huadi Wang, Zhen Liu, +5 authors, Weidong Han.
Oncotarget, 2017 Dec 20; 8(60). PMID: 29254249    Free PMC article.
UBASH3B promotes tamoxifen resistance and could be negatively regulated by ESR1.
Ketao Jin, Huanrong Lan, +4 authors, Wei Wang.
Oncotarget, 2018 Mar 02; 9(9). PMID: 29492198    Free PMC article.
Immunoexpression of P63 and SOX2 in triple-negative breast cancers, Indonesia.
Reno K Kamarlis, Muhammad Nd Lubis, Bethy S Hernowo, Azmi S Kar.
F1000Res, 2018 Mar 15; 6. PMID: 29527291    Free PMC article.
Comparison of epidemiological features, clinicopathological features, and treatments between premenopausal and postmenopausal female breast cancer patients in western China: a retrospective multicenter study of 15,389 female patients.
Fan Feng, Yuxian Wei, +7 authors, Fan Li.
Cancer Med, 2018 Apr 20; 7(6). PMID: 29673111    Free PMC article.
Expression patterns of E2F transcription factors and their potential prognostic roles in breast cancer.
Yunhai Li, Jing Huang, +4 authors, Guosheng Ren.
Oncol Lett, 2018 May 31; 15(6). PMID: 29844824    Free PMC article.
Trends on cancer incidence and mortality in Pasto, Colombia. 15 years experience.
María Clara Yépez, Daniel Marcelo Jurado, Luisa Mercedes Bravo, Luis Eduardo Bravo.
Colomb Med (Cali), 2018 Jul 10; 49(1). PMID: 29983463    Free PMC article.
Trends in incidence, mortality and survival in women with breast cancer from 1985 to 2012 in Granada, Spain: a population-based study.
José Antonio Baeyens-Fernández, Elena Molina-Portillo, +5 authors, María-José Sánchez.
BMC Cancer, 2018 Aug 03; 18(1). PMID: 30068302    Free PMC article.
Breast cancer mortality in Saudi Arabia: Modelling observed and unobserved factors.
Refah Mohammed Alotaibi, Hoda Ragab Rezk, Consul Iworikumo Juliana, Chris Guure.
PLoS One, 2018 Oct 23; 13(10). PMID: 30347002    Free PMC article.
Estrogen alpha receptor antagonists for the treatment of breast cancer: a review.
Deepika Sharma, Sanjiv Kumar, Balasubramanian Narasimhan.
Chem Cent J, 2018 Oct 27; 12(1). PMID: 30361894    Free PMC article.
Cancer Mortality in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria: A Case Study of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital.
Ogechukwu F Amadi, Ifenyinwa B Okeke, +5 authors, Chidiebere DI Osuorah.
Niger Med J, 2019 Dec 18; 60(5). PMID: 31844357    Free PMC article.
Digital breast tomosynthesis versus digital mammography: integration of image modalities enhances deep learning-based breast mass classification.
Xin Li, Genggeng Qin, +6 authors, Linghong Zhou.
Eur Radiol, 2019 Nov 07; 30(2). PMID: 31691121
MLF1IP promotes cells proliferation and apoptosis by regulating CyclinD1 in breast cancer.
Fan Yang, Ying-Hao Wang, +2 authors, Du-Ping Huang.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol, 2017 Dec 01; 10(12). PMID: 31966511    Free PMC article.
The dual role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in breast cancer: molecular insights and therapeutic approaches.
Daniel Cruceriu, Oana Baldasici, Ovidiu Balacescu, Ioana Berindan-Neagoe.
Cell Oncol (Dordr), 2020 Jan 05; 43(1). PMID: 31900901
ST6GAL2 Downregulation Inhibits Cell Adhesion and Invasion and is Associated with Improved Patient Survival in Breast Cancer.
Junchi Cheng, Rong Wang, +4 authors, Yunshan Yang.
Onco Targets Ther, 2020 Feb 27; 13. PMID: 32099394    Free PMC article.
Risk Factor Analysis for Breast Cancer in Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Women of Punjab, India.
Akeen Kour, Sarika Sharma, +6 authors, Sahiba Kukreja.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2019 Nov 25; 20(11). PMID: 31759352    Free PMC article.
Breast Cancer Survival and Incidence: 10 Years Cancer Registry Data in the Northwest, Iran.
Roya Dolatkhah, Mohammad Hossein Somi, +5 authors, Saeed Dastgiri.
Int J Breast Cancer, 2020 May 16; 2020. PMID: 32411480    Free PMC article.
Breast cancer epidemic in the early twenty-first century: evaluation of risk factors, cumulative questionnaires and recommendations for preventive measures.
Olga Golubnitschaja, Manuel Debald, +4 authors, Godfrey Grech.
Tumour Biol, 2016 Jul 23; 37(10). PMID: 27448308
Highly Cited. Review.
Arsenite and cadmium promote the development of mammary tumors.
Shailaja D Divekar, Heng-Hong Li, +7 authors, Mary Beth Martin.
Carcinogenesis, 2019 Oct 28; 41(7). PMID: 31646340    Free PMC article.
Distinct prognosis of mRNA expression of the five RecQ DNA-helicase family members - RECQL, BLM, WRN, RECQL4, and RECQL5 - in patients with breast cancer.
Xuan Zhu, Huihui Chen, +4 authors, Yiding Chen.
Cancer Manag Res, 2018 Dec 26; 10. PMID: 30584360    Free PMC article.
Mouse models of breast cancer in preclinical research.
Mi Kyung Park, Chang Hoon Lee, Ho Lee.
Lab Anim Res, 2019 Jan 24; 34(4). PMID: 30671101    Free PMC article.
Can high school students help to improve breast radiologists in detecting missed breast cancer lesions on full-field digital mammography?
T J A van Nijnatten, M L Smidt, +6 authors, M B I Lobbes.
J Cancer, 2019 Feb 06; 10(3). PMID: 30719176    Free PMC article.
Role of microRNA-150-5p/SRCIN1 axis in the progression of breast cancer.
Qingfu Lu, Zhaoji Guo, Haixin Qian.
Exp Ther Med, 2019 Mar 15; 17(3). PMID: 30867707    Free PMC article.
Computational Methods for the Discovery of Metabolic Markers of Complex Traits.
Michael Y Lee, Ting Hu.
Metabolites, 2019 Apr 17; 9(4). PMID: 30987289    Free PMC article.
Comparison of GenesWell BCT Score With Oncotype DX Recurrence Score for Risk Classification in Asian Women With Hormone Receptor-Positive, HER2-Negative Early Breast Cancer.
Mi Jeong Kwon, Jeong Eon Lee, +12 authors, Young Kee Shin.
Front Oncol, 2019 Aug 14; 9. PMID: 31404265    Free PMC article.
Significant response to apatinib monotherapy in heavily pretreated advanced HER2-positive breast cancer: a case report and literature review.
Li Danni, Zhang Lingyun, +6 authors, Teng Yuee.
Cancer Biol Ther, 2020 Apr 03; 21(7). PMID: 32233990    Free PMC article.
Invasive breast cancer among Alaska Native women in Alaska.
Sarah H Nash, Garrett Zimpelman, +2 authors, Ellen Provost.
Int J Circumpolar Health, 2019 Jun 27; 78(1). PMID: 31234738    Free PMC article.
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) induce epigenetic alterations and promote human breast cell carcinogenesis in vitro.
Paula Pierozan, Daiane Cattani, Oskar Karlsson.
Arch Toxicol, 2020 Jul 24; 94(11). PMID: 32700164    Free PMC article.
Increased circulating microRNA-155 as a potential biomarker for breast cancer screening: a meta-analysis.
Faliang Wang, Jinchao Hou, +4 authors, Xian Wang.
Molecules, 2014 May 21; 19(5). PMID: 24840899    Free PMC article.
Association of serum adiponectin with breast cancer: A meta-analysis of 27 case-control studies.
Zeping Yu, Shenli Tang, +2 authors, Yong Zeng.
Medicine (Baltimore), 2019 Feb 09; 98(6). PMID: 30732167    Free PMC article.
[Breast cancer mortality in Brazilian municipalities and associated factorsMortalidad por cáncer de mama en municipios brasileños y factores asociados].
Maria Silvia de Azevedo Couto, Maximiliano Ribeiro Guerra, Vinícius de Azevedo Couto Firme, Maria Teresa Bustamante-Teixeira.
Rev Panam Salud Publica, 2017 Dec 05; 41. PMID: 31391844    Free PMC article.
Worldwide trends in breast cancer incidence from 1993 to 2012: Age-period-cohort analysis and joinpoint regression.
Yuvaraj Krishnamoorthy, Sathish Rajaa, +3 authors, Karthika Ganesh.
J Res Med Sci, 2020 Dec 05; 25. PMID: 33273943    Free PMC article.
RNF20 Is Critical for Snail-Mediated E-Cadherin Repression in Human Breast Cancer.
Danping Wang, Yifan Wang, +3 authors, Chenfang Dong.
Front Oncol, 2020 Dec 29; 10. PMID: 33364200    Free PMC article.
Health information provision, health knowledge and health behaviours: Evidence from breast cancer screening.
Peter Eibich, Léontine Goldzahl.
Soc Sci Med, 2020 Nov 22; 265. PMID: 33218891    Free PMC article.
Breath biopsy of breast cancer using sensor array signals and machine learning analysis.
Hsiao-Yu Yang, Yi-Chia Wang, Hsin-Yi Peng, Chi-Hsiang Huang.
Sci Rep, 2021 Jan 10; 11(1). PMID: 33420275    Free PMC article.