Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is widely used for studying brain functions, but clinical applications of MEG have been less prevalent. One reason is that only clinicians who have highly specialized knowledge can use MEG diagnostically, and such clinicians are found at only a few major hospitals. Another reason is that MEG data analysis is getting more and more complicated, and deals with a large amount of data, and thus requires high-performance computing. These problems can be solved by the collaboration of human and computing resources distributed in multiple facilities. A new computing infrastructure for brain scientists and clinicians in distant locations was therefore developed by the Grid technology, which provides virtual computing environments composed of geographically distributed computers and experimental devices. A prototype system connecting an MEG system at the AIST in Japan, a Grid environment composed of PC clusters at Osaka University in Japan and Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, and user terminals in Baltimore was developed. MEG data measured at the AIST were transferred in real-time through a 1-GB/s network to the PC clusters for processing by a wavelet cross-correlation method, and then monitored in Baltimore. The current system is the basic model for remote-access to MEG equipment and high-speed processing of MEG data.
Grid technology in tissue-based diagnosis: fundamentals and potential developments.
Diagn Pathol, 2006 Aug 26; 1. PMID: 16930477 Free PMC article.