Review
. 2007 Sep; 14(6):688-93.
doi: 10.1097/MOH.0b013e3282efed9e.

Neutrophil-specific antigen HNA-2a, NB1 glycoprotein, and CD177

David F Stroncek 1 
Affiliations
  • PMID: 17898576
  •     29 citations

Abstract

Purpose Of Review: Several advances have been made in characterization of the molecule that carries human neutrophil antigen (HNA)-2a, NB1 glycoprotein, the gene that encodes NB1 glycoprotein, CD177, and the role of antibodies to HNA-2a in transfusion reactions.

Recent Findings: NB1 glycoprotein binds to the endothelial cell adhesion molecule, platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1), and participates in neutrophil transmigration. The overexpression of neutrophil CD177 mRNA has become a useful, but nonspecific biomarker of myeloproliferative diseases, especially polycythemia vera. CD177 mRNA overexpression is also a biomarker of a subset of patients with essential thrombocythemia who are at increased risk of thromboembolic complications. In patients with myeloproliferative disorders CD177 mRNA overexpression is secondary to a gain-of-function mutation in JAK2, JAK2 V617F. NB1 glycoprotein is co-localized on neutrophil plasma membranes with proteinase 3 and a complex of NB1 glycoprotein and proteinase 3 may initiate the activation of neutrophils by antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis. The inadvertent transfusion of antibodies to HNA-2a with blood components frequently causes pulmonary transfusion reactions.

Summary: The expression of CD177 is an important biomarker of myeloproliferative diseases, NB1 glycoprotein is a ligand for PECAM-1 and it may have a role in Wegener's granulomatosis, and antibodies to HNA-2a frequently cause pulmonary transfusion reactions.

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