Systematic Review
. 2010 Jul; 134(7):e48-72.
doi: 10.1043/1543-2165-134.7.e48.

American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists guideline recommendations for immunohistochemical testing of estrogen and progesterone receptors in breast cancer (unabridged version)

M Elizabeth H Hammond 1 Daniel F Hayes  Mitch Dowsett  D Craig Allred  Karen L Hagerty  Sunil Badve  Patrick L Fitzgibbons  Glenn Francis  Neil S Goldstein  Malcolm Hayes  David G Hicks  Susan Lester  Richard Love  Pamela B Mangu  Lisa McShane  Keith Miller  C Kent Osborne  Soonmyung Paik  Jane Perlmutter  Anthony Rhodes  Hironobu Sasano  Jared N Schwartz  Fred C G Sweep  Sheila Taube  Emina Emilia Torlakovic  Paul Valenstein  Giuseppe Viale  Daniel Visscher  Thomas Wheeler  R Bruce Williams  James L Wittliff  Antonio C Wolff  American Society of Clinical Oncology  College of American Pathologists  
  • PMID: 20586616
  •     348 citations


Purpose: To develop a guideline to improve the accuracy of immunohistochemical (IHC) estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PgR) testing in breast cancer and the utility of these receptors as predictive markers.

Methods: The American Society of Clinical Oncology and the College of American Pathologists convened an international Expert Panel that conducted a systematic review and evaluation of the literature in partnership with Cancer Care Ontario and developed recommendations for optimal IHC ER/PgR testing performance.

Results: Up to 20% of current IHC determinations of ER and PgR testing worldwide may be inaccurate (false negative or false positive). Most of the issues with testing have occurred because of variation in pre-analytic variables, thresholds for positivity, and interpretation criteria.

Recommendations: The Panel recommends that ER and PgR status be determined on all invasive breast cancers and breast cancer recurrences. A testing algorithm that relies on accurate, reproducible assay performance is proposed. Elements to reliably reduce assay variation are specified. It is recommended that ER and PgR assays be considered positive if there are at least 1% positive tumor nuclei in the sample on testing in the presence of expected reactivity of internal (normal epithelial elements) and external controls. The absence of benefit from endocrine therapy for women with ER-negative invasive breast cancers has been confirmed in large overviews of randomized clinical trials.

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Cancer Sci, 2015 Sep 04; 106(11). PMID: 26331797    Free PMC article.
Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Phenotype Is Associated with Clinicopathological Factors That Indicate Aggressive Biological Behavior and Poor Clinical Outcomes in Invasive Breast Cancer.
Young Kyung Bae, Jung Eun Choi, Su Hwan Kang, Soo Jung Lee.
J Breast Cancer, 2015 Oct 17; 18(3). PMID: 26472976    Free PMC article.
St Gallen molecular subtypes in feline mammary carcinoma and paired metastases-disease progression and clinical implications from a 3-year follow-up study.
M Soares, J Correia, M C Peleteiro, F Ferreira.
Tumour Biol, 2015 Oct 22; 37(3). PMID: 26486327
The prognostic value of age for invasive lobular breast cancer depending on estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor-defined subtypes: A NCDB analysis.
Jieqiong Liu, Kai Chen, +3 authors, Lisa K Jacobs.
Oncotarget, 2015 Oct 31; 7(5). PMID: 26515602    Free PMC article.
Oncogenic role of SIRT1 associated with tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis, and poor disease-free survival in triple negative breast cancer.
Soo Young Chung, Yoon Yang Jung, +12 authors, Han Suk Ryu.
Clin Exp Metastasis, 2015 Nov 21; 33(2). PMID: 26585892
Development and validation of an immunohistochemistry assay to assess glucocorticoid receptor expression for clinical trials of mifepristone in breast cancer.
Gabrielle M Baker, Tiffany Murphy, +2 authors, Frank J Lynch.
Cancer Manag Res, 2015 Dec 18; 7. PMID: 26673410    Free PMC article.
Negative association between GATA3 and fascin could predict relapse-free and overall survival in patients with breast cancer.
Kyueng-Whan Min, Dong-Hoon Kim, +14 authors, Kyoung Min Moon.
Virchows Arch, 2016 Jan 01; 468(4). PMID: 26719157
Application of the 2013 ASCO/CAP guideline and the SISH technique for HER2 testing of breast cancer selects more patients for anti-HER2 treatment.
António Polónia, Dina Leitão, Fernando Schmitt.
Virchows Arch, 2016 Jan 13; 468(4). PMID: 26754674
Polychlorinated biphenyls and their association with survival following breast cancer.
Humberto Parada, Mary S Wolff, +5 authors, Marilie D Gammon.
Eur J Cancer, 2016 Jan 23; 56. PMID: 26798968    Free PMC article.
Impact of Breast Cancer Subtype Defined by Immunohistochemistry Hormone Receptor and HER2 Status on the Incidence of Immediate Postmastectomy Reconstruction.
Wei Wu, Shi Cheng, +3 authors, Minghui Cao.
Medicine (Baltimore), 2016 Jan 29; 95(3). PMID: 26817902    Free PMC article.
Imaging Diagnostic and Therapeutic Targets: Steroid Receptors in Breast Cancer.
Amy M Fowler, Amy S Clark, +2 authors, Farrokh Dehdashti.
J Nucl Med, 2016 Feb 03; 57 Suppl 1. PMID: 26834106    Free PMC article.
Serum HER2 levels are increased in cats with mammary carcinomas and predict tissue HER2 status.
Maria Soares, Rita Ribeiro, +4 authors, Fernando Ferreira.
Oncotarget, 2016 Feb 26; 7(14). PMID: 26909614    Free PMC article.
Association between SIRT1 Gene Polymorphisms and Breast Cancer in Egyptians.
Sherine M Rizk, Nancy N Shahin, Olfat G Shaker.
PLoS One, 2016 Mar 22; 11(3). PMID: 26999517    Free PMC article.
Breast Cancers Detected at Screening MR Imaging and Mammography in Patients at High Risk: Method of Detection Reflects Tumor Histopathologic Results.
Janice S Sung, Sarah Stamler, +6 authors, Christopher E Comstock.
Radiology, 2016 Apr 21; 280(3). PMID: 27097237    Free PMC article.
Multiplexed immunofluorescence delineates proteomic cancer cell states associated with metabolism.
Anup Sood, Alexandra M Miller, +15 authors, Ingo K Mellinghoff.
JCI Insight, 2016 May 18; 1(6). PMID: 27182557    Free PMC article.
Pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio is correlated with response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy as an independent prognostic indicator in breast cancer patients: a retrospective study.
Yi Chen, Kai Chen, +5 authors, Erwei Song.
BMC Cancer, 2016 May 21; 16. PMID: 27198767    Free PMC article.
Characteristics and survival of patients with metachronous or synchronous double primary malignancies: breast and thyroid cancer.
Li Zhang, Yansheng Wu, +2 authors, Zhongsheng Tong.
Oncotarget, 2016 May 26; 7(32). PMID: 27223440    Free PMC article.
The distribution pattern of ERα expression, ESR1 genetic variation and expression of growth factor receptors: association with breast cancer prognosis in Russian patients treated with adjuvant tamoxifen.
Nataliya Babyshkina, Sergey Vtorushin, +7 authors, Evgeny Choynzonov.
Clin Exp Med, 2016 May 27; 17(3). PMID: 27225751
Approach to the Triple Negative Breast Cancer in New Drugs Area.
Mehrzad Mirzania.
Int J Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Res, 2016 Jun 03; 10(2). PMID: 27252813    Free PMC article.
Tumor suppressor berberine binds VASP to inhibit cell migration in basal-like breast cancer.
Ke Su, Pengchao Hu, +7 authors, Jingwei Zhang.
Oncotarget, 2016 Jun 21; 7(29). PMID: 27322681    Free PMC article.
TACC2 (transforming acidic coiled-coil protein 2) in breast carcinoma as a potent prognostic predictor associated with cell proliferation.
Yoshiaki Onodera, Kiyoshi Takagi, +7 authors, Takashi Suzuki.
Cancer Med, 2016 Jun 24; 5(8). PMID: 27333920    Free PMC article.
Hornerin Is Involved in Breast Cancer Progression.
Jinhyuk Choi, Dong-Il Kim, +2 authors, Aeree Kim.
J Breast Cancer, 2016 Jul 07; 19(2). PMID: 27382389    Free PMC article.
Technical validation of an RT-qPCR in vitro diagnostic test system for the determination of breast cancer molecular subtypes by quantification of ERBB2, ESR1, PGR and MKI67 mRNA levels from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded breast tumor specimens.
Mark Laible, Kornelia Schlombs, +8 authors, Ugur Sahin.
BMC Cancer, 2016 Jul 09; 16. PMID: 27389414    Free PMC article.
Operation with less adjuvant therapy for elderly breast cancer.
Akimitsu Yamada, Kazutaka Narui, +5 authors, Itaru Endo.
J Surg Res, 2016 Aug 28; 204(2). PMID: 27565077    Free PMC article.
Invasive Breast Cancer Preferably and Predominantly Occurs at the Interface Between Fibroglandular and Adipose Tissue.
Wenlian Zhu, Susan Harvey, +2 authors, Dmitri Artemov.
Clin Breast Cancer, 2016 Aug 29; 17(1). PMID: 27568102    Free PMC article.
Multiplexed imaging reveals heterogeneity of PI3K/MAPK network signaling in breast lesions of known PIK3CA genotype.
Thomas Jacob, Joe W Gray, Megan Troxell, Tania Q Vu.
Breast Cancer Res Treat, 2016 Sep 02; 159(3). PMID: 27581127    Free PMC article.
CITED2 in breast carcinoma as a potent prognostic predictor associated with proliferation, migration and chemoresistance.
Hiroyuki Minemura, Kiyoshi Takagi, +7 authors, Takashi Suzuki.
Cancer Sci, 2016 Sep 15; 107(12). PMID: 27627783    Free PMC article.
Decoding the usefulness of non-coding RNAs as breast cancer markers.
Maria Amorim, Sofia Salta, Rui Henrique, Carmen Jerónimo.
J Transl Med, 2016 Sep 16; 14. PMID: 27629831    Free PMC article.
Chemotherapy response and survival of inflammatory breast cancer by hormone receptor- and HER2-defined molecular subtypes approximation: an analysis from the National Cancer Database.
Jieqiong Liu, Kai Chen, +5 authors, Lisa K Jacobs.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol, 2016 Oct 06; 143(1). PMID: 27704268
Changes in chemotherapy usage and outcome of early breast cancer patients in the last decade.
A Hennigs, F Riedel, +9 authors, A Schneeweiss.
Breast Cancer Res Treat, 2016 Nov 03; 160(3). PMID: 27744486    Free PMC article.
Methylation in promoter regions of PITX2 and RASSF1A genes in association with clinicopathological features in breast cancer patients.
Eva Jezkova, Karol Kajo, +7 authors, Jan Danko.
Tumour Biol, 2016 Nov 03;. PMID: 27744628
Vessel co-option mediates resistance to anti-angiogenic therapy in liver metastases.
Sophia Frentzas, Eve Simoneau, +28 authors, Andrew R Reynolds.
Nat Med, 2016 Nov 01; 22(11). PMID: 27748747    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited.
Impact of mutational profiles on response of primary oestrogen receptor-positive breast cancers to oestrogen deprivation.
Pascal Gellert, Corrinne V Segal, +23 authors, POETIC Trial Management Group and Trialists.
Nat Commun, 2016 Nov 09; 7. PMID: 27827358    Free PMC article.
A nomogram to predict the probability of axillary lymph node metastasis in female patients with breast cancer in China: A nationwide, multicenter, 10-year epidemiological study.
Jian Zhang, Xiao Li, +13 authors, Ke Wang.
Oncotarget, 2016 Nov 17; 8(21). PMID: 27852049    Free PMC article.
Application of the downgrade criteria to supplemental screening ultrasound for women with negative mammography but dense breasts.
Soo-Yeon Kim, Min Jung Kim, +2 authors, Eun-Kyung Kim.
Medicine (Baltimore), 2016 Nov 20; 95(44). PMID: 27858896    Free PMC article.
Vessel co-option is common in human lung metastases and mediates resistance to anti-angiogenic therapy in preclinical lung metastasis models.
Victoria L Bridgeman, Peter B Vermeulen, +19 authors, Andrew R Reynolds.
J Pathol, 2016 Nov 20; 241(3). PMID: 27859259    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited.
Triple Negative Breast Cancer: Nanosolutions for a Big Challenge.
Tânia Filipa S Mendes, Leon D Kluskens, Lígia Raquel Rodrigues.
Adv Sci (Weinh), 2015 Jul 17; 2(11). PMID: 27980912    Free PMC article.
Comment to "Patients with Concordant Triple-Negative Phenotype between Primary Breast Cancers and Corresponding Metastases Have Poor Prognosis".
Kadri Altundag.
J Breast Cancer, 2017 Jan 06; 19(4). PMID: 28053637    Free PMC article.
HER2 Testing and Clinical Decision Making in Gastroesophageal Adenocarcinoma: Guideline From the College of American Pathologists, American Society for Clinical Pathology, and American Society of Clinical Oncology.
Angela N Bartley, Mary Kay Washington, +12 authors, Jaffer A Ajani.
Am J Clin Pathol, 2017 Jan 13; 146(6). PMID: 28077399    Free PMC article.
Systematic Review.
Reproductive factors and the risk of triple-negative breast cancer in white women and African-American women: a pooled analysis.
Huiyan Ma, Giske Ursin, +13 authors, Leslie Bernstein.
Breast Cancer Res, 2017 Jan 15; 19(1). PMID: 28086982    Free PMC article.
Proteins Involved in HER2 Signalling Pathway, Their Relations and Influence on Metastasis-Free Survival in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer Patients Treated with Trastuzumab in Adjuvant Setting.
Agnieszka Adamczyk, Aleksandra Grela-Wojewoda, +8 authors, Joanna Niemiec.
J Cancer, 2017 Jan 27; 8(1). PMID: 28123607    Free PMC article.
Prognostic value of follistatin-like 3 in human invasive breast cancer.
Henrique L Couto, Marcelo A Buzelin, +3 authors, Fernando M Reis.
Oncotarget, 2017 Feb 09; 8(26). PMID: 28178680    Free PMC article.
PET/MR in invasive ductal breast cancer: correlation between imaging markers and histological phenotype.
Onofrio Antonio Catalano, Gary Lloyd Horn, +11 authors, Bruce Robert Rosen.
Br J Cancer, 2017 Feb 17; 116(7). PMID: 28208155    Free PMC article.
BCL6 mRNA Expression Level in Invasive Duct Carcinoma not otherwise Specified.
Eman Badr, Eman Masoud, Asmaa Gaber Abdou, Marwa Serag Eldien.
J Clin Diagn Res, 2017 Feb 18; 10(12). PMID: 28208987    Free PMC article.
Association of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and platelet/lymphocyte ratio with ER and PR in breast cancer patients and their changes after neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
J Xu, C Ni, +5 authors, X Qu.
Clin Transl Oncol, 2017 Mar 02; 19(8). PMID: 28247194
Adjuvant Capecitabine in Combination With Docetaxel, Epirubicin, and Cyclophosphamide for Early Breast Cancer: The Randomized Clinical FinXX Trial.
Heikki Joensuu, Pirkko-Liisa Kellokumpu-Lehtinen, +15 authors, Henrik Lindman.
JAMA Oncol, 2017 Mar 03; 3(6). PMID: 28253390    Free PMC article.
Aptahistochemistry in diagnostic pathology: technical scrutiny and feasibility.
Bakhtiar A Bukari, Marimuthu Citartan, +3 authors, Thean-Hock Tang.
Histochem Cell Biol, 2017 Mar 23; 147(5). PMID: 28321500
Prognostic role of lymphatic vessel density and lymphovascular invasion in chemotherapy-naive and chemotherapy-treated patients with invasive breast cancer.
Joanna A Niemiec, Agnieszka Adamczyk, +10 authors, Beata Sas-Korczyńska.
Am J Transl Res, 2017 Apr 08; 9(3). PMID: 28386369    Free PMC article.
Cytochrome c1 in ductal carcinoma in situ of breast associated with proliferation and comedo necrosis.
Mayuko Chishiki, Kiyoshi Takagi, +8 authors, Takashi Suzuki.
Cancer Sci, 2017 Apr 11; 108(7). PMID: 28394473    Free PMC article.
A Comprehensive Model for Predicting Recurrence and Survival in Cases of Chinese Postoperative Invasive Breast Cancer
Xianhe Xie, Yanfen Hu, +7 authors, Weili Zheng.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2017 Apr 27; 18(3). PMID: 28441706    Free PMC article.
Risk of second breast cancers after lobular carcinoma in situ according to hormone receptor status.
Kai Mao, Yaping Yang, +3 authors, Jieqiong Liu.
PLoS One, 2017 May 04; 12(5). PMID: 28467490    Free PMC article.
Invasive lobular carcinoma with extracellular mucin production-a novel pattern of lobular carcinomas of the breast. Clinico-pathological description of eight cases.
Gábor Cserni, Giuseppe Floris, +5 authors, Zsuzsanna Varga.
Virchows Arch, 2017 May 22; 471(1). PMID: 28528509
Genomic profiling of breast secretory carcinomas reveals distinct genetics from other breast cancers and similarity to mammary analog secretory carcinomas.
Gregor Krings, Nancy M Joseph, +12 authors, Yunn-Yi Chen.
Mod Pathol, 2017 May 27; 30(8). PMID: 28548128
Comparison of HER2 amplification status among breast cancer subgroups offers new insights in pathways of breast cancer progression.
Kathleen Lambein, Mieke Van Bockstal, +5 authors, Louis Libbrecht.
Virchows Arch, 2017 Jun 02; 471(5). PMID: 28567637
Does the 1H-NMR plasma metabolome reflect the host-tumor interactions in human breast cancer?
Vincent Richard, Raphaël Conotte, David Mayne, Jean-Marie Colet.
Oncotarget, 2017 Jun 15; 8(30). PMID: 28611296    Free PMC article.
Prediction of breast cancer recurrence using lymph node metabolic and volumetric parameters from 18F-FDG PET/CT in operable triple-negative breast cancer.
Yong-Il Kim, Yong Joong Kim, +4 authors, Keon Wook Kang.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging, 2017 Jun 16; 44(11). PMID: 28616695
Characterization of HER2 gene amplification heterogeneity in invasive and in situ breast cancer using bright-field in situ hybridization.
António Polónia, Guilherme Oliveira, Fernando Schmitt.
Virchows Arch, 2017 Jul 14; 471(5). PMID: 28702778
Development of a Breast Cancer Treatment Program in Port-au-Prince, Haiti: Experiences From the Field.
Vincent DeGennaro, Rachel Libby, +8 authors, Judith Hurley.
J Glob Oncol, 2015 Oct 28; 2(1). PMID: 28717677    Free PMC article.
Long-term remission of hormone receptor-positive/HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer due to combined treatment with everolimus/trastuzumab/exemestane: A case report.
Jian Wang, Chunxiao Sun, +2 authors, Yongmei Yin.
Oncol Lett, 2017 Aug 10; 14(2). PMID: 28789401    Free PMC article.
The ever-evolving role of pathologists in the management of breast cancer with neoadjuvant treatment: recommendations based on the Spanish clinical experience.
O Burgués, Mª Á López-García, +4 authors, V Peg.
Clin Transl Oncol, 2017 Aug 11; 20(3). PMID: 28795336
Estrogen receptor (ESR1) mutation in bone metastases from breast cancer.
Stephan Bartels, Matthias Christgen, +4 authors, Hans Kreipe.
Mod Pathol, 2017 Aug 12; 31(1). PMID: 28799536
Breast cancer and Flammer syndrome: any symptoms in common for prediction, prevention and personalised medical approach?
Pavol Zubor, Alexandra Gondova, +4 authors, Olga Golubnitschaja.
EPMA J, 2017 Aug 22; 8(2). PMID: 28824738    Free PMC article.
Estrogen receptor quantitative measures and breast cancer survival.
Deirdre A Hill, Marc Barry, +4 authors, Lesley Lomo.
Breast Cancer Res Treat, 2017 Aug 22; 166(3). PMID: 28825224    Free PMC article.
Adaptive Multiview Nonnegative Matrix Factorization Algorithm for Integration of Multimodal Biomedical Data.
Bisakha Ray, Wenke Liu, David Fenyö.
Cancer Inform, 2017 Aug 25; 16. PMID: 28835735    Free PMC article.
Epigenetic Mechanisms of Tamoxifen Resistance in Luminal Breast Cancer.
Hany A Abdel-Hafiz.
Diseases, 2017 Sep 22; 5(3). PMID: 28933369    Free PMC article.
Awareness and current knowledge of breast cancer.
Muhammad Akram, Mehwish Iqbal, Muhammad Daniyal, Asmat Ullah Khan.
Biol Res, 2017 Oct 04; 50(1). PMID: 28969709    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited. Review.
Male breast cancer: correlation between immunohistochemical subtyping and PAM50 intrinsic subtypes, and the subsequent clinical outcomes.
Alfonso Sánchez-Muñoz, Luis Vicioso, +12 authors, Emilio Alba.
Mod Pathol, 2017 Oct 07; 31(2). PMID: 28984296
Genomic comparison of early-passage conditionally reprogrammed breast cancer cells to their corresponding primary tumors.
Akanksha S Mahajan, Bruna M Sugita, +8 authors, Luciane R Cavalli.
PLoS One, 2017 Oct 20; 12(10). PMID: 29049316    Free PMC article.
Association of 70-Gene Signature Assay Findings With Physicians' Treatment Guidance for Patients With Early Breast Cancer Classified as Intermediate Risk by the 21-Gene Assay.
Michaela Tsai, Shelly Lo, +11 authors, Hatem Soliman.
JAMA Oncol, 2017 Oct 28; 4(1). PMID: 29075751    Free PMC article.
Molecular Subtypes and Local-Regional Control of Breast Cancer.
Simona Maria Fragomeni, Andrew Sciallis, Jacqueline S Jeruss.
Surg Oncol Clin N Am, 2017 Nov 15; 27(1). PMID: 29132568    Free PMC article.
A tissue microRNA signature that predicts the prognosis of breast cancer in young women.
Ai Hironaka-Mitsuhashi, Juntaro Matsuzaki, +10 authors, Takahiro Ochiya.
PLoS One, 2017 Nov 16; 12(11). PMID: 29141042    Free PMC article.
The crossroads of breast cancer progression: insights into the modulation of major signaling pathways.
Fernando J Velloso, Arthur Fr Bianco, +8 authors, Ricardo G Correa.
Onco Targets Ther, 2017 Dec 05; 10. PMID: 29200866    Free PMC article.
Ki-67 Expression by Immunohistochemistry and Quantitative Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction as Predictor of Clinical Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Locally Advanced Breast Cancer.
Prihantono Prihantono, Mochammad Hatta, +5 authors, Andi Nilawati Usman.
J Oncol, 2017 Dec 12; 2017. PMID: 29225623    Free PMC article.
Long-term survival outcomes of triple-receptor negative breast cancer survivors who are disease free at 5 years and relationship with low hormone receptor positivity.
S M Reddy, C H Barcenas, +5 authors, V Valero.
Br J Cancer, 2017 Dec 14; 118(1). PMID: 29235566    Free PMC article.
Biomarkers in breast cancer: A consensus statement by the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology and the Spanish Society of Pathology.
R Colomer, I Aranda-López, +7 authors, J Palacios-Calvo.
Clin Transl Oncol, 2017 Dec 24; 20(7). PMID: 29273958    Free PMC article.
Obesity and breast cancer outcomes in chemotherapy patients in New Zealand - a population-based cohort study.
J Mark Elwood, Sandar Tin Tin, +2 authors, Ian Campbell.
BMC Cancer, 2018 Jan 18; 18(1). PMID: 29334917    Free PMC article.
Body mass index at age 18 years and recent body mass index in relation to risk of breast cancer overall and ER/PR/HER2-defined subtypes in white women and African-American women: a pooled analysis.
Huiyan Ma, Giske Ursin, +12 authors, Leslie Bernstein.
Breast Cancer Res, 2018 Jan 24; 20(1). PMID: 29357906    Free PMC article.
Molecular Subtypes of Indonesian Breast Carcinomas - Lack of Association with Patient Age and Tumor Size
Yeni Rahmawati, Yunita Setyawati, +2 authors, Dewajani Purnomosari.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2018 Jan 28; 19(1). PMID: 29373908    Free PMC article.
Contrast-enhanced MRI after neoadjuvant chemotherapy of breast cancer: lesion-to-background parenchymal signal enhancement ratio for discriminating pathological complete response from minimal residual tumour.
Soo-Yeon Kim, Nariya Cho, +8 authors, Woo Kyung Moon.
Eur Radiol, 2018 Jan 31; 28(7). PMID: 29380033
Tamoxifen enhances stemness and promotes metastasis of ERα36+ breast cancer by upregulating ALDH1A1 in cancer cells.
Qiang Wang, Jun Jiang, +23 authors, Xiu-Wu Bian.
Cell Res, 2018 Feb 03; 28(3). PMID: 29393296    Free PMC article.
Breast Cancer in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Why We Need Pathology Capability to Solve This Challenge.
Yehoda M Martei, Lydia E Pace, Jane E Brock, Lawrence N Shulman.
Clin Lab Med, 2018 Feb 08; 38(1). PMID: 29412880    Free PMC article.
Identification of differentially expressed genes in human breast cancer cells induced by 4-hydroxyltamoxifen and elucidation of their pathophysiological relevance and mechanisms.
Qi Fang, Shuang Yao, Guanghua Luo, Xiaoying Zhang.
Oncotarget, 2018 Feb 09; 9(2). PMID: 29416786    Free PMC article.
Assessment of the predictive role of pretreatment Ki-67 and Ki-67 changes in breast cancer patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy according to the molecular classification: a retrospective study of 1010 patients.
Rui Chen, Yin Ye, +9 authors, Shengchun Liu.
Breast Cancer Res Treat, 2018 Feb 27; 170(1). PMID: 29480449    Free PMC article.
Prognostic Significance of Serum Vitamin D Levels in Egyptian Females with Breast Cancer
Abeer Ismail, Rehab El-Awady, +2 authors, Shimaa Shwaki Ramadan.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2018 Feb 27; 19(2). PMID: 29481024    Free PMC article.
ARHGAP15 in Human Breast Carcinoma: A Potent Tumor Suppressor Regulated by Androgens.
Kiyoshi Takagi, Yasuhiro Miki, +4 authors, Takashi Suzuki.
Int J Mol Sci, 2018 Mar 15; 19(3). PMID: 29534468    Free PMC article.
Association between enhancement patterns and parameters of contrast-enhanced ultrasound and microvessel distribution in breast cancer.
Xiaokang Li, Yaqing Li, +2 authors, Peifang Liu.
Oncol Lett, 2018 Mar 21; 15(4). PMID: 29556301    Free PMC article.
Analysis of membranous Ki-67 staining in breast cancer and surrounding breast epithelium.
Gábor Cserni.
Virchows Arch, 2018 Mar 30; 473(2). PMID: 29594352
Investigational chemotherapy and novel pharmacokinetic mechanisms for the treatment of breast cancer brain metastases.
Neal Shah, Afroz S Mohammad, +9 authors, Paul R Lockman.
Pharmacol Res, 2018 Apr 01; 132. PMID: 29604436    Free PMC article.
Basic Findings Regarding Breast Cancer in Korea in 2015: Data from a Breast Cancer Registry.
Sang Yull Kang, Yoo Seok Kim, +5 authors, Korean Breast Cancer Society.
J Breast Cancer, 2018 Apr 10; 21(1). PMID: 29628978    Free PMC article.
Urinary Phthalate Metabolite Concentrations and Breast Cancer Incidence and Survival following Breast Cancer: The Long Island Breast Cancer Study Project.
Humberto Parada, Marilie D Gammon, +5 authors, Susan L Teitelbaum.
Environ Health Perspect, 2018 Apr 28; 126(4). PMID: 29701940    Free PMC article.
Clinical significance of androgen receptor expression in triple negative breast cancer-an immunohistochemistry study.
Ya-Xuan Liu, Ke-Jing Zhang, Li-Li Tang.
Oncol Lett, 2018 May 31; 15(6). PMID: 29844843    Free PMC article.
Validity of Administrative Databases in Comparison to Medical Charts for Breast Cancer Treatment Data.
Ashini Weerasinghe, Courtney R Smith, +16 authors, Anna M Chiarelli.
J Cancer Epidemiol, 2018 Jun 05; 2018. PMID: 29861727    Free PMC article.
Cytokeratin 5/6 and cytokeratin 8/18 expression in triple negative breast cancers: clinicopathologic significance in South-Asian population.
Atif Ali Hashmi, Samreen Naz, +6 authors, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi.
BMC Res Notes, 2018 Jun 10; 11(1). PMID: 29884220    Free PMC article.
Triple negative breast cancer subtypes and pathologic complete response rate to neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
Angela Santonja, Alfonso Sánchez-Muñoz, +18 authors, Emilio Alba.
Oncotarget, 2018 Jun 15; 9(41). PMID: 29899867    Free PMC article.
CXCL12 chemokine and CXCR4 receptor: association with susceptibility and prognostic markers in triple negative breast cancer.
Alda Losi Guembarovski, Roberta Losi Guembarovski, +5 authors, Edna Maria Vissoci Reiche.
Mol Biol Rep, 2018 Jun 22; 45(5). PMID: 29926386
Association of microRNA-7 and its binding partner CDR1-AS with the prognosis and prediction of 1st-line tamoxifen therapy in breast cancer.
K Uhr, A M Sieuwerts, +4 authors, J W M Martens.
Sci Rep, 2018 Jun 27; 8(1). PMID: 29941867    Free PMC article.
TILGen: A Program to Investigate Immune Targets in Breast Cancer Patients - First Results on the Influence of Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes.
Franziska Würfel, Ramona Erber, +22 authors, Matthias Rübner.
Breast Care (Basel), 2018 Jun 29; 13(1). PMID: 29950961    Free PMC article.
Recent Advances in the Treatment of Breast Cancer.
Christy W S Tong, Mingxia Wu, William C S Cho, Kenneth K W To.
Front Oncol, 2018 Jul 03; 8. PMID: 29963498    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited. Review.
MicroRNA in diagnosis and therapy monitoring of early-stage triple-negative breast cancer.
Mustafa Kahraman, Anne Röske, +15 authors, Michael G Schrauder.
Sci Rep, 2018 Aug 04; 8(1). PMID: 30072748    Free PMC article.
The Effect of Perioperative Bevacizumab on Disease-Free and Overall Survival in Locally Advanced HER-2 Negative Breast Cancer: A Meta-Analysis.
Yanal Alnimer, Zakaria Hindi, Khalil Katato.
Breast Cancer (Auckl), 2018 Aug 10; 12. PMID: 30090017    Free PMC article.
OLFM4, LY6D and S100A7 as potent markers for distant metastasis in estrogen receptor-positive breast carcinoma.
Akifumi Mayama, Kiyoshi Takagi, +10 authors, Takashi Suzuki.
Cancer Sci, 2018 Aug 24; 109(10). PMID: 30137688    Free PMC article.
A Single Institution Experience of Incorporation of Cisplatin into Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Patients With Triple-Negative Breast Cancer of Unknown BRCA Mutation Status.
Ying-Wen Su, Chia-Yen Hung, +2 authors, Po-Sheng Yang.
Clin Med Insights Oncol, 2018 Aug 29; 12. PMID: 30150877    Free PMC article.
Development and validation of a new predictive model for breast cancer survival in New Zealand and comparison to the Nottingham prognostic index.
J Mark Elwood, Essa Tawfiq, +5 authors, Ross Lawrenson.
BMC Cancer, 2018 Sep 19; 18(1). PMID: 30223800    Free PMC article.
Epidemiological, Clinical, and Histopathological Features of Breast Cancer in Haiti.
Vincent DeGennaro, Faiz Jiwani, +6 authors, Joseph Bernard.
J Glob Oncol, 2018 Sep 23; 4. PMID: 30241242    Free PMC article.
High RNA-binding Motif Protein 3 Expression Is Associated with Improved Clinical Outcomes in Invasive Breast Cancer.
Sun Hee Kang, Jihyoung Cho, Hasong Jeong, Sun Young Kwon.
J Breast Cancer, 2018 Oct 03; 21(3). PMID: 30275857    Free PMC article.
Prognostic significance of p16 & p53 immunohistochemical expression in triple negative breast cancer.
Atif Ali Hashmi, Samreen Naz, +6 authors, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi.
BMC Clin Pathol, 2018 Oct 12; 18. PMID: 30305801    Free PMC article.
Status of FAS and FAS Ligand Gene Polymorphisms in Patients with Breast Cancer in Northeastern IRAN.
Seyed Amir Jalali, Fatemeh Homaei Shandiz, +3 authors, Mojgan Mohammadi.
Rep Biochem Mol Biol, 2018 Oct 17; 7(1). PMID: 30324114    Free PMC article.
68Ga-DTPA Anti-HER2 positron emission tomography/CT successfully predicts the overexpression of human epidermal growth factor receptor in lung metastases from breast cancer.
Quetzali Gabriela Pitalúa-Cortés, Francisco O García-Pérez, +8 authors, Isabel Sollozo-Dupont.
BJR Case Rep, 2017 May 06; 3(3). PMID: 30363270    Free PMC article.
Cytotoxicity of Selenium Immunoconjugates against Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells.
Soni Khandelwal, Mallory Boylan, Julian E Spallholz, Lauren Gollahon.
Int J Mol Sci, 2018 Oct 31; 19(11). PMID: 30373175    Free PMC article.
Immunocytochemistry using Liquid-based Cytology: A Tool in Hormone Receptor Analysis of Breast Cancer.
Kalpalata Tripathy, Aparajita Mishra, +3 authors, Anusaya Lenka.
J Cytol, 2018 Dec 01; 35(4). PMID: 30498302    Free PMC article.
A novel role of kynureninase in the growth control of breast cancer cells and its relationships with breast cancer.
Yingzhe Liu, Xueping Feng, +6 authors, Yongzhi Xiao.
J Cell Mol Med, 2019 Jul 25; 23(10). PMID: 31332944    Free PMC article.
Immunohistochemistry Innovations for Diagnosis and Tissue-Based Biomarker Detection.
Narittee Sukswai, Joseph D Khoury.
Curr Hematol Malig Rep, 2019 Jul 25; 14(5). PMID: 31338668
Validation of Residual Cancer Burden as Prognostic Factor for Breast Cancer Patients After Neoadjuvant Therapy.
Hannah Deborah Müller, Florian Posch, +9 authors, Marija Balic.
Ann Surg Oncol, 2019 Aug 28; 26(13). PMID: 31452052    Free PMC article.
Detection and prognostic relevance of circulating tumour cells (CTCs) in Asian breast cancers using a label-free microfluidic platform.
Yoon-Sim Yap, Man Chun Leong, +13 authors, Darren Wan-Teck Lim.
PLoS One, 2019 Sep 26; 14(9). PMID: 31553731    Free PMC article.
Impact of estrogen receptor α on the tamoxifen response and prognosis in luminal-A-like and luminal-B-like breast cancer.
Nataliya Babyshkina, Sergey Vtorushin, +5 authors, Evgeny Choynzonov.
Clin Exp Med, 2019 Sep 29; 19(4). PMID: 31562548
Risk of Hematologic Malignant Neoplasms after Postoperative Treatment of Breast Cancer.
Marie Joelle Jabagi, Anthony Goncalves, +3 authors, Rosemary Dray-Spira.
Cancers (Basel), 2019 Oct 02; 11(10). PMID: 31569513    Free PMC article.
Evaluations of Biomarker Status Changes between Primary and Recurrent Tumor Tissue Samples in Breast Cancer Patients.
Thi Hoa Nguyen, Van Hung Nguyen, +2 authors, Thi Huyen Phung.
Biomed Res Int, 2019 Oct 05; 2019. PMID: 31583246    Free PMC article.
Suboptimal concordance in testing and retesting results of triple-negative breast carcinoma cases among laboratories: one institution experience.
Jose De Jesus, Marilin Rosa.
Cancer Cell Int, 2019 Oct 22; 19. PMID: 31632197    Free PMC article.
Two Distinct Subtypes Revealed in Blood Transcriptome of Breast Cancer Patients With an Unsupervised Analysis.
Wenlong Ming, Hui Xie, +7 authors, Wanjun Gu.
Front Oncol, 2019 Oct 22; 9. PMID: 31632916    Free PMC article.
IHC Color Histograms for Unsupervised Ki67 Proliferation Index Calculation.
Rokshana S Geread, Peter Morreale, +4 authors, April Khademi.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol, 2019 Oct 22; 7. PMID: 31632956    Free PMC article.
Temporal trends in breast cancer survival by race and ethnicity: A population-based cohort study.
Deirdre A Hill, Eric R Prossnitz, Melanie Royce, Andrea Nibbe.
PLoS One, 2019 Oct 28; 14(10). PMID: 31647839    Free PMC article.
Report of clinico-pathological features of breast cancer in HIV-infected and uninfected women in Botswana.
Rohini K Bhatia, Mohan Narasimhamurthy, +8 authors, Surbhi Grover.
Infect Agent Cancer, 2019 Oct 28; 14. PMID: 31649747    Free PMC article.
Clinical significance of serum PSA in breast cancer patients.
Toru Hanamura, Koichi Ohno, +7 authors, Ken-Ichi Ito.
BMC Cancer, 2019 Oct 31; 19(1). PMID: 31664946    Free PMC article.
Deciphering HER2 Breast Cancer Disease: Biological and Clinical Implications.
Ana Godoy-Ortiz, Alfonso Sanchez-Muñoz, +4 authors, Emilio Alba.
Front Oncol, 2019 Nov 19; 9. PMID: 31737566    Free PMC article.
Subtypes of Breast Cancer in Lao P.D.R.: A Study in a Limited-Resource Setting
Thitsamay Luangxay, Siriphone Virachith, +8 authors, Motoji Sawabe.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2019 Feb 26; 20(2). PMID: 30806064    Free PMC article.
Luminal B is the Most Common Intrinsic Molecular Subtypes of Invasive Ductal Breast Carcinoma Patients in East Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Swandari Paramita, Eko Nugroho Raharjo, +2 authors, Nur Ahlina Hanifah.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2019 Aug 28; 20(8). PMID: 31450891    Free PMC article.
Exploring the Role of Breast Density on Cancer Prognosis among Women Attending Population-Based Screening Programmes.
Laia Domingo, Maria Sala, +7 authors, Camiss Study Group.
J Oncol, 2019 Dec 31; 2019. PMID: 31885567    Free PMC article.
LOXL2 expression is associated with invasiveness and negatively influences survival in breast cancer patients.
Sung Gwe Ahn, Seung Myung Dong, +9 authors, Jeffrey E Green.
Breast Cancer Res Treat, 2013 Aug 13; 141(1). PMID: 23933800    Free PMC article.
Development and Validation of an Easy-to-Implement, Practical Algorithm for the Identification of Molecular Subtypes of Gastric Cancer: Prognostic and Therapeutic Implications.
Jiwon Koh, Keun-Wook Lee, +7 authors, Hye Seung Lee.
Oncologist, 2019 Aug 03; 24(12). PMID: 31371521    Free PMC article.
Unravelling the role of long non-coding RNA - LINC01087 in breast cancer.
Rashmi Tripathi, Imlimaong Aier, Pavan Chakraborty, Pritish Kumar Varadwaj.
Noncoding RNA Res, 2020 Jan 29; 5(1). PMID: 31989062    Free PMC article.
Nomograms for predicting the likelihood of non-sentinel lymph node metastases in breast cancer patients with a positive sentinel node biopsy.
Lihua Zheng, Feng Liu, +2 authors, Yunjiang Liu.
Medicine (Baltimore), 2019 Dec 27; 98(52). PMID: 31876745    Free PMC article.
Comparison of wait times across the breast cancer treatment pathway among screened women undergoing organized breast assessment versus usual care.
Kristina M Blackmore, Ashini Weerasinghe, +17 authors, Anna M Chiarelli.
Can J Public Health, 2019 May 01; 110(5). PMID: 31037608    Free PMC article.
Evaluation of the Predictive Role of Tumor Immune Infiltrate in Patients with HER2-Positive Breast Cancer Treated with Neoadjuvant Anti-HER2 Therapy without Chemotherapy.
Carmine De Angelis, Chandandeep Nagi, +22 authors, Rachel Schiff.
Clin Cancer Res, 2019 Oct 28; 26(3). PMID: 31653641    Free PMC article.
ERα36 as a Potential Therapeutic Target for Tamoxifen-Resistant Breast Cancer Cell Line Through EGFR/ERK Signaling Pathway.
Guangliang Li, Jing Zhang, Zhenzhen Xu, Zhongqi Li.
Cancer Manag Res, 2020 Feb 06; 12. PMID: 32021441    Free PMC article.
Structural Studies of Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition Breast Tissues.
S N Mohd Sobri, S F Abdul Sani, +5 authors, D A Bradley.
Sci Rep, 2020 Feb 08; 10(1). PMID: 32029810    Free PMC article.
Performance Measures of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Plus Mammography in the High Risk Ontario Breast Screening Program.
Anna M Chiarelli, Kristina M Blackmore, +7 authors, Ellen Warner.
J Natl Cancer Inst, 2019 Jun 25; 112(2). PMID: 31233143    Free PMC article.
Intratumoral delivery of CCL25 enhances immunotherapy against triple-negative breast cancer by recruiting CCR9+ T cells.
Hongmei Chen, Xiuxiu Cong, +16 authors, Tianmeng Sun.
Sci Adv, 2020 Feb 18; 6(5). PMID: 32064335    Free PMC article.
Prognostic Utility of Cyclin D1 in Invasive Breast Carcinoma.
Tamanna Parvin, Chhanda Das, +2 authors, Madhumita Mukhopadhyay.
Indian J Surg Oncol, 2019 Apr 06; 10(1). PMID: 30948894    Free PMC article.
Association between serum and adipose tissue resistin with dysglycemia in South Asian women.
Sulochana Wijetunge, R M C J Ratnayake, +5 authors, Nishan Sudheera Kalupahana.
Nutr Diabetes, 2019 Feb 20; 9(1). PMID: 30778042    Free PMC article.
Expression of Estrogen-Related Receptors in Localized Provoked Vulvodynia.
Anu Aalto, Riitta Huotari-Orava, +2 authors, Synnöve Staff.
Biores Open Access, 2020 Mar 03; 9(1). PMID: 32117596    Free PMC article.
Impact of familial risk and mammography screening on prognostic indicators of breast disease among women from the Ontario site of the Breast Cancer Family Registry.
Meghan J Walker, Lucia Mirea, +6 authors, Anna M Chiarelli.
Fam Cancer, 2013 Oct 08; 13(2). PMID: 24097051
The Genomic Landscape of Endocrine-Resistant Advanced Breast Cancers.
Pedram Razavi, Matthew T Chang, +42 authors, José Baselga.
Cancer Cell, 2018 Sep 12; 34(3). PMID: 30205045    Free PMC article.
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Improved relapse-free survival on aromatase inhibitors in breast cancer is associated with interaction between oestrogen receptor-α and progesterone receptor-b.
Cameron E Snell, Madeline Gough, +7 authors, Wayne D Tilley.
Br J Cancer, 2018 Nov 10; 119(11). PMID: 30410061    Free PMC article.
Bovine leukemia virus DNA associated with breast cancer in women from South Brazil.
Daniela Schwingel, Ana P Andreolla, +2 authors, Luiz C Kreutz.
Sci Rep, 2019 Mar 01; 9(1). PMID: 30814631    Free PMC article.
Combined quantitative measures of ER, PR, HER2, and KI67 provide more prognostic information than categorical combinations in luminal breast cancer.
Mustapha Abubakar, Jonine Figueroa, +8 authors, Paul D Pharoah.
Mod Pathol, 2019 Apr 13; 32(9). PMID: 30976105    Free PMC article.
A Prospective Study on the Value of Ultrasound Microflow Assessment to Distinguish Malignant from Benign Solid Breast Masses: Association between Ultrasound Parameters and Histologic Microvessel Densities.
Ah Young Park, Myoungae Kwon, +8 authors, Bo Kyoung Seo.
Korean J Radiol, 2019 Apr 18; 20(5). PMID: 30993927    Free PMC article.
Impact of biomarkers and genetic profiling on breast cancer prognostication: A comparative analysis of the 8th edition of breast cancer staging system.
Esther C Yoon, Christopher Schwartz, +3 authors, Farbod Darvishian.
Breast J, 2019 Jun 15; 25(5). PMID: 31197914    Free PMC article.
Single Tumor Cells With Epithelial-Like Morphology Are Associated With Breast Cancer Metastasis.
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Front Oncol, 2020 Mar 11; 10. PMID: 32154161    Free PMC article.
De novo metastatic breast cancer: Subgroup analysis of molecular subtypes and prognosis.
Li Zhang, Zhijun Li, +3 authors, Zhongsheng Tong.
Oncol Lett, 2020 Mar 29; 19(4). PMID: 32218843    Free PMC article.
Introduction to digital pathology and computer-aided pathology.
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J Pathol Transl Med, 2020 Feb 13; 54(2). PMID: 32045965    Free PMC article.
Differentiation of Breast Lesions and Distinguishing Their Histological Subtypes Using Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and ADC Values.
Jelena Maric, Jasmina Boban, +3 authors, Dragana Bogdanovic-Stojanovic.
Front Oncol, 2020 Apr 02; 10. PMID: 32232007    Free PMC article.
Establishing benchmarks and metrics for disruptive technologies, inappropriate and obsolete tests in the clinical laboratory.
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Clin Chim Acta, 2013 Jun 05; 427. PMID: 23732401    Free PMC article.
Prospective study of the relevance of circulating tumor cell status and neoadjuvant chemotherapy effectiveness in early breast cancer.
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Cancer Med, 2020 Feb 06; 9(7). PMID: 32017443    Free PMC article.
Somatic mutations and copy number variations in breast cancers with heterogeneous HER2 amplification.
Mieke R Van Bockstal, Marie Colombe Agahozo, +7 authors, Carolien H M van Deurzen.
Mol Oncol, 2020 Feb 15; 14(4). PMID: 32058674    Free PMC article.
Progesterone Receptor Gene Variants in Metastatic Estrogen Receptor Positive Breast Cancer.
Amy M Fowler, Kelley Salem, +6 authors, Aparna M Mahajan.
Horm Cancer, 2020 Jan 17; 11(2). PMID: 31942683    Free PMC article.
Comprehensive analyses with radiological and biological markers of breast cancer on contrast-enhanced chest CT: a single center experience using dual-layer spectral detector CT.
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Eur Radiol, 2020 Feb 07; 30(5). PMID: 32025829
Ultrafast Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Breast MRI: Lesion Conspicuity and Size Assessment according to Background Parenchymal Enhancement.
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Korean J Radiol, 2020 Apr 24; 21(5). PMID: 32323501    Free PMC article.
Deep learned tissue "fingerprints" classify breast cancers by ER/PR/Her2 status from H&E images.
Rishi R Rawat, Itzel Ortega, +4 authors, David B Agus.
Sci Rep, 2020 May 01; 10(1). PMID: 32350370    Free PMC article.
Glucocorticoid receptors are required effectors of TGFβ1-induced p38 MAPK signaling to advanced cancer phenotypes in triple-negative breast cancer.
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Breast Cancer Res, 2020 May 03; 22(1). PMID: 32357907    Free PMC article.
Recent advances in understanding breast cancer and emerging therapies with a focus on luminal and triple-negative breast cancer.
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F1000Res, 2019 May 10; 8. PMID: 31069063    Free PMC article.
3'-UTR Shortening Contributes to Subtype-Specific Cancer Growth by Breaking Stable ceRNA Crosstalk of Housekeeping Genes.
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Front Bioeng Biotechnol, 2020 May 16; 8. PMID: 32411683    Free PMC article.
The Healthy and Diseased Equine Endometrium: A Review of Morphological Features and Molecular Analyses.
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Animals (Basel), 2020 Apr 09; 10(4). PMID: 32260515    Free PMC article.
Artificial Intelligence Algorithms to Assess Hormonal Status From Tissue Microarrays in Patients With Breast Cancer.
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JAMA Netw Open, 2019 Jul 28; 2(7). PMID: 31348505    Free PMC article.
Values of 5mC, 5hmC, and TET2 for identifying the presence and progression of breast precancerous lesion.
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J Clin Lab Anal, 2019 Dec 24; 34(5). PMID: 31867779    Free PMC article.
A population-based analysis of breast cancer incidence and survival by subtype in Ontario women.
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Curr Oncol, 2020 Jun 04; 27(2). PMID: 32489268    Free PMC article.
Gene expression of Epithelial Membrane Protein 2 gene and β1-Integrin gene in patients with breast cancer.
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Biochem Biophys Rep, 2020 Jun 04; 22. PMID: 32490210    Free PMC article.
Estrogen receptor α as a predictive biomarker for survival in human papillomavirus-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.
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J Transl Med, 2020 Jun 18; 18(1). PMID: 32546279    Free PMC article.
The age of paraffin block influences biomarker levels in archival breast cancer samples.
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Oncol Lett, 2020 Jun 23; 20(1). PMID: 32565978    Free PMC article.
Review of concepts in therapeutic decision-making in HER2-negative luminal metastatic breast cancer.
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Medicine (Baltimore), 2020 Jun 27; 99(26). PMID: 32590741    Free PMC article.
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BMC Womens Health, 2020 Jul 11; 20(1). PMID: 32646416    Free PMC article.
Association among T2 signal intensity, necrosis, ADC and Ki-67 in estrogen receptor-positive and HER2-negative invasive ductal carcinoma.
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Magn Reson Imaging, 2018 Sep 03; 54. PMID: 30172938    Free PMC article.
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors Governing the Transcriptional Regulation of ESR1.
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Meta-Analysis of Prevalence of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer and Its Clinical Features at Incidence in Indian Patients With Breast Cancer.
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MicroRNA-27b-3p Promotes Tumor Progression and Metastasis by Inhibiting Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer.
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Front Oncol, 2020 Aug 28; 10. PMID: 32850439    Free PMC article.
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Autophagy, 2020 May 14; 16(6). PMID: 32401166    Free PMC article.
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Breast Cancer Res Treat, 2020 Jul 29; 183(3). PMID: 32720114    Free PMC article.
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Non-Coding RNAs in Breast Cancer: Intracellular and Intercellular Communication.
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Introduction to Digital Image Analysis in Whole-slide Imaging: A White Paper from the Digital Pathology Association.
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J Pathol Inform, 2019 Apr 16; 10. PMID: 30984469    Free PMC article.
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A Pathology-Based Combined Model to Identify PAM50 Non-luminal Intrinsic Disease in Hormone Receptor-Positive HER2-Negative Breast Cancer.
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Front Oncol, 2019 May 21; 9. PMID: 31106144    Free PMC article.
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Cancer Manag Res, 2019 Aug 03; 11. PMID: 31372050    Free PMC article.
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BMC Womens Health, 2020 Sep 16; 20(1). PMID: 32928183    Free PMC article.
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Inflammatory Markers Predicting Pathological Complete Response in Cases with Breast Cancer Treated by Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy.
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The Case to Case Comparison of Hormone Receptors and HER2 Status between Primary Breast Cancer and Synchronous Axillary Lymph Node Metastasis.
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What to expect from the 2018 ASCO/CAP HER2 guideline in the reflex in situ hybridization test of immunohistochemically equivocal 2+ cases?
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JAMA Oncol, 2019 Jun 14; 5(8). PMID: 31194225    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited.
Phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-Trisphosphate Dependent Rac Exchange Factor 1 (PREX1) is a Novel Predictor of Prognosis for Breast Cancer Patients: A Retrospective Case Series.
Ying Zhong, Jing Zhang, +12 authors, Qiang Sun.
Med Sci Monit, 2019 Sep 02; 25. PMID: 31473760    Free PMC article.
Tumor stiffness measured by shear wave elastography correlates with tumor hypoxia as well as histologic biomarkers in breast cancer.
Joonghyun Yoo, Bo Kyoung Seo, +6 authors, Jaehyung Cha.
Cancer Imaging, 2020 Dec 02; 20(1). PMID: 33256820    Free PMC article.
Genetic analysis of pleomorphic and florid lobular carcinoma in situ variants: frequent ERBB2/ERBB3 alterations and clonal relationship to classic lobular carcinoma in situ and invasive lobular carcinoma.
Eliah R Shamir, Yunn-Yi Chen, Gregor Krings.
Mod Pathol, 2020 Jan 08; 33(6). PMID: 31907376
A Novel Model Incorporating Tumor Stiffness, Blood Flow Characteristics, and Ki-67 Expression to Predict Responses After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer.
Jing Zhang, Song Gao, +7 authors, Yan Ma.
Front Oncol, 2020 Dec 29; 10. PMID: 33364197    Free PMC article.
Mouse Mammary Tumor Virus (MMTV)-Like env Sequence in Brazilian Breast Cancer Samples: Implications in Clinicopathological Parameters in Molecular Subtypes.
Nathália de Sousa Pereira, Glauco Akelinghton Freire Vitiello, +4 authors, Maria Angelica Ehara Watanabe.
Int J Environ Res Public Health, 2020 Dec 24; 17(24). PMID: 33352945    Free PMC article.
Anticancer Effect of Citrus hystrix DC. Leaf Extract and Its Bioactive Constituents Citronellol and, Citronellal on the Triple Negative Breast Cancer MDA-MB-231 Cell Line.
Yathsoeung Ho, Nungruthai Suphrom, +3 authors, Kanchana Usuwanthim.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel), 2020 Dec 24; 13(12). PMID: 33353129    Free PMC article.
The lingering mysteries of metastatic recurrence in breast cancer.
Alessandra I Riggio, Katherine E Varley, Alana L Welm.
Br J Cancer, 2020 Nov 27; 124(1). PMID: 33239679    Free PMC article.
The implementation of a commercially available multi-gene profile test for breast cancer characterization in a department of pathology: what have we learned from the first 100 cases?
Cristina Pelliccia, Emanuele Caselli, +3 authors, Angelo Sidoni.
Virchows Arch, 2021 Jan 07;. PMID: 33404851
Racial differences in estrogen receptor staining levels and implications for treatment and survival among estrogen receptor positive, HER2-negative invasive breast cancers.
Kristen S Purrington, David Gorski, +5 authors, Manohar Ratnam.
Breast Cancer Res Treat, 2020 Apr 03; 181(1). PMID: 32236827
Mitotic score and pleomorphic histology in invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast: impact on disease-free survival.
Rita A Mukhtar, Gregor Krings, +7 authors, Hope Rugo.
Breast Cancer Res Treat, 2020 Apr 03; 181(1). PMID: 32240457
Axillary Downstaging in Occult Primary Breast Cancer After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy.
Astrid Botty Van den Bruele, Jessica Lavery, George Plitas, Melissa L Pilewskie.
Ann Surg Oncol, 2020 Aug 20; 28(2). PMID: 32813202    Free PMC article.
Genomic profiling of pleomorphic and florid lobular carcinoma in situ reveals highly recurrent ERBB2 and ERRB3 alterations.
Beth T Harrison, Faina Nakhlis, +4 authors, Tari A King.
Mod Pathol, 2020 Jan 15; 33(7). PMID: 31932682
Addition of carboplatin-gemcitabine as second-line neoadjuvant chemotherapy in non-responsive locally advanced breast cancer patients to standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy and evaluation of factors affecting response: a randomized controlled trial.
Dena Firouzabadi, Amirreza Dehghanian, +2 authors, Abdolrasoul Talei.
BMC Cancer, 2021 Jan 13; 21(1). PMID: 33430808    Free PMC article.
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus HBZ and tax mRNA expression are associated with specific clinicopathological features in adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma.
Kyohei Yamada, Hiroaki Miyoshi, +9 authors, Koichi Ohshima.
Mod Pathol, 2020 Sep 26; 34(2). PMID: 32973330
Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Assessing the Role of Immunohistochemical Biomarkers on Neoadjuvant Treatment.
Jesse Lopes da Silva, Fabiana Resende Rodrigues, +3 authors, Andreia Cristina de Melo.
Breast Cancer (Dove Med Press), 2021 Jan 21; 13. PMID: 33469357    Free PMC article.
Triple Negative Breast Cancer: A Review of Present and Future Diagnostic Modalities.
Sylvia Annabel Dass, Kim Liu Tan, +5 authors, Venugopal Balakrishnan.
Medicina (Kaunas), 2021 Jan 16; 57(1). PMID: 33445543    Free PMC article.
Automated immunohistochemical assessment ability to evaluate estrogen and progesterone receptor status compared with quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in breast carcinoma patients.
Taesung Jeon, Aeree Kim, Chungyeul Kim.
J Pathol Transl Med, 2020 Dec 03; 55(1). PMID: 33260290    Free PMC article.
Clinical and pathologic features associated with PD-L1 (SP142) expression in stromal tumor-infiltrating immune cells of triple-negative breast carcinoma.
Raza Syed Hoda, Edi Brogi, +10 authors, Hannah Yong Wen.
Mod Pathol, 2020 Jul 03; 33(11). PMID: 32612248
Update on systemic treatment in early triple negative breast cancer.
Martín Núñez Abad, Silvia Calabuig-Fariñas, +6 authors, Carlos Camps Herrero.
Ther Adv Med Oncol, 2021 Feb 23; 13. PMID: 33613695    Free PMC article.
Percentage of Hormone Receptor Positivity in Breast Cancer Provides Prognostic Value: A Single-Institute Study.
Richard Sleightholm, Beth K Neilsen, +10 authors, Michael Baine.
J Clin Med Res, 2021 Feb 23; 13(1). PMID: 33613796    Free PMC article.
Amongst Women Stratified to Receive Endocrine Therapy on the Basis of Their Tumor Estrogen and Progesterone Receptor Levels, Those with Higher Tumor Progesterone Receptor Levels Had a Better Outcome Than Those with Lower Levels of Tumor Progesterone Receptor.
Tai-Han Lin, Hong-Wei Gao, +4 authors, Cheng-Ping Yu.
Cancers (Basel), 2021 Mar 07; 13(4). PMID: 33670083    Free PMC article.
Nomograms to Predict the Density of Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes in Patients With High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer.
Danian Dai, Lili Liu, +7 authors, Jihong Liu.
Front Oncol, 2021 Mar 16; 11. PMID: 33718143    Free PMC article.
Real-World Outcomes Among Older Mexican Women with Breast Cancer Treated with Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy.
Paula Cabrera-Galeana, Enrique Soto-Perez-de-Celis, +7 authors, Juan Enrique Bargallo-Rocha.
Oncologist, 2020 Apr 11; 25(12). PMID: 32275801    Free PMC article.
A Clinical Decision Support System for Predicting Invasive Breast Cancer Recurrence: Preliminary Results.
Raffaella Massafra, Agnese Latorre, +13 authors, Vito Lorusso.
Front Oncol, 2021 Mar 30; 11. PMID: 33777733    Free PMC article.
q-Space Imaging Yields a Higher Effect Gradient to Assess Cellularity than Conventional Diffusion-weighted Imaging Methods at 3.0 T: A Pilot Study with Freshly Excised Whole-Breast Tumors.
Nicholas Senn, Yazan Masannat, +3 authors, Jiabao He.
Radiol Imaging Cancer, 2019 Sep 27; 1(1). PMID: 33778671    Free PMC article.
Can We Reliably Identify the Pathological Outcomes of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Patients with Breast Cancer? Development and Validation of a Logistic Regression Nomogram Based on Preoperative Factors.
Jian Zhang, Linhai Xiao, +3 authors, Ke Wang.
Ann Surg Oncol, 2020 Oct 24; 28(5). PMID: 33095360    Free PMC article.
XRCC5/6 polymorphisms and their interactions with smoking, alcohol consumption, and sleep satisfaction in breast cancer risk: A Chinese multi-center study.
Li-Xiang Yu, Li-Yuan Liu, +30 authors, Zhi-Gang Yu.
Cancer Med, 2021 Mar 19; 10(8). PMID: 33734613    Free PMC article.
Investigation of triple-negative breast cancer risk alleles in an International African-enriched cohort.
Rachel Martini, Yalei Chen, +30 authors, Melissa B Davis.
Sci Rep, 2021 May 01; 11(1). PMID: 33927264    Free PMC article.
Immunohistochemical Expression of Five Protein Combinations Revealed as Prognostic Markers in Asian Oral Cancer.
Hui-Ching Wang, Chien-Jung Chiang, +4 authors, Grace S Shieh.
Front Genet, 2021 May 04; 12. PMID: 33936170    Free PMC article.
Metformin improves the outcomes in Chinese invasive breast cancer patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Tianli Hui, Chao Shang, +3 authors, Zhenchuan Song.
Sci Rep, 2021 May 13; 11(1). PMID: 33976288    Free PMC article.
Molecular Biology in the Breast Clinics-Current status and future perspectives.
Vani Parmar, Nita S Nair, Purvi Thakkar, Garvit Chitkara.
Indian J Surg Oncol, 2021 May 18; 12(Suppl 1). PMID: 33994723    Free PMC article.
Ultrasound-Based Radiomics Analysis for Predicting Disease-Free Survival of Invasive Breast Cancer.
Lang Xiong, Haolin Chen, +6 authors, Li Li.
Front Oncol, 2021 May 18; 11. PMID: 33996546    Free PMC article.
Pathologists at the Leading Edge of Optimizing the Tumor Tissue Journey for Diagnostic Accuracy and Molecular Testing.
Luis E De Las Casas, David G Hicks.
Am J Clin Pathol, 2021 Feb 15; 155(6). PMID: 33582767    Free PMC article.
Impact of Adjuvant Treatment on Heparanase Concentration in Invasive, Unilateral Breast Cancer Patients: Results of a Prospective Single-Centre Cohort Study.
Barbara Ruszkowska-Ciastek, Kornel Bielawski, Elżbieta Zarychta, Piotr Rhone.
J Clin Med, 2021 Jun 03; 10(10). PMID: 34070058    Free PMC article.