Journal Article
. 2014 Aug; 20(1):e17-22.
doi: 10.4317/medoral.19863.

Transition from glass to digital slide microscopy in the teaching of oral pathology in a Brazilian dental school

Felipe-Paiva Fonseca 1 Alan-Roger Santos-Silva  Márcio-Ajudarte Lopes  Oslei-Paes de Almeida  Pablo-Agustin Vargas  
  • PMID: 25129250
  •     13 References
  •     10 citations


Objectives: Several medical and dental schools have described their experience in the transition from conventional to digital microscopy in the teaching of general pathology and histology disciplines; however, this transitional process has scarcely been reported in the teaching of oral pathology. Therefore, the objective of the current study is to report the transition from conventional glass slide to virtual microscopy in oral pathology teaching, a unique experience in Latin America.

Study Design: An Aperio ScanScope® scanner was used to digitalize histological slides used in practical lectures of oral pathology. The challenges and benefits observed by the group of Professors from the Piracicaba Dental School (Brazil) are described and a questionnaire to evaluate the students' compliance to this new methodology was applied.

Results: An improvement in the classes was described by the Professors who mainly dealt with questions related to pathological changes instead of technical problems; also, a higher interaction with the students was described. The simplicity of the software used and the high quality of the virtual slides, requiring a smaller time to identify microscopic structures, were considered important for a better teaching process.

Conclusions: Virtual microscopy used to teach oral pathology represents a useful educational methodology, with an excellent compliance of the dental students.

Digital slides: present status of a tool for consultation, teaching, and quality control in pathology.
Rafael Rocha, José Vassallo, +2 authors, Helenice Gobbi.
Pathol Res Pract, 2009 Jun 09; 205(11). PMID: 19501988
Five years of experience teaching pathology to dental students using the WebMicroscope.
Janusz Szymas, Mikael Lundin.
Diagn Pathol, 2011 Apr 22; 6 Suppl 1. PMID: 21489183    Free PMC article.
From microscopy to whole slide digital images: a century and a half of image analysis.
Clive R Taylor.
Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol, 2011 Nov 18; 19(6). PMID: 22089486
Comparison of a virtual microscope laboratory to a regular microscope laboratory for teaching histology.
T Harris, T Leaven, +3 authors, F Dick.
Anat Rec, 2001 Mar 10; 265(1). PMID: 11241206
Teaching medical histology at the University of South Carolina School of Medicine: Transition to virtual slides and virtual microscopes.
Charles A Blake, Holly A Lavoie, Clarke F Millette.
Anat Rec B New Anat, 2003 Nov 25; 275(1). PMID: 14628320
An application of virtual microscopy in the teaching of an oral and maxillofacial pathology laboratory course.
Yuk-Kwan Chen, Shue-Shang Hsue, +4 authors, Li-Min Lin.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod, 2007 Aug 11; 105(3). PMID: 17689118
Digital learning programs - competition for the classical microscope?
Peter Schmidt.
GMS Z Med Ausbild, 2013 Mar 08; 30(1). PMID: 23467698    Free PMC article.
Virtual microscopy in pathology education.
Fred R Dee.
Hum Pathol, 2009 Jun 23; 40(8). PMID: 19540551
The e-evolution of microscopy in dental education.
Camile S Farah, Terrence S Maybury.
J Dent Educ, 2009 Aug 04; 73(8). PMID: 19648565
Transition of a dental histology course from light to virtual microscopy.
Frank J Weaker, Damon C Herbert.
J Dent Educ, 2009 Oct 07; 73(10). PMID: 19805786
Virtual microscopy and digital pathology in training and education.
Peter W Hamilton, Yinhai Wang, Stephen J McCullough.
APMIS, 2012 Mar 21; 120(4). PMID: 22429213
Dental students' evaluations of an interactive histology software.
Cristian Rosas, Rafael Rubí, Manuel Donoso, Sergio Uribe.
J Dent Educ, 2012 Nov 13; 76(11). PMID: 23144485
Can histology and pathology be taught without microscopes? The advantages and disadvantages of virtual histology.
Raymond Coleman.
Acta Histochem, 2008 Nov 14; 111(1). PMID: 19004481
Assessing Difficulties Encountered by Dental Students Studying Oral Pathology and Addressing Their Concerns.
Swati Saawarn, Anish Gupta, +5 authors, Nilesh Pardhe.
J Clin Diagn Res, 2017 Jan 05; 10(11). PMID: 28050505    Free PMC article.
Turning Microscopy in the Medical Curriculum Digital: Experiences from The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences at University of Copenhagen.
Ben Vainer, Niels Werner Mortensen, +4 authors, Flemming Fryd Johansen.
J Pathol Inform, 2017 Apr 07; 8. PMID: 28382225    Free PMC article.
Using virtual microscopy to deliver an integrated oral pathology course for undergraduate dental students.
D J Brierley, P M Speight, K D Hunter, P Farthing.
Br Dent J, 2017 Jul 22; 223(2). PMID: 28729584
Emerging paradigm of virtual-microscopy for histopathology diagnosis: survey of US and Canadian oral pathology trainees.
Ngozi N Nwizu, Adepitan Owosho, Kalu U E Ogbureke.
BDJ Open, 2018 Apr 03; 3. PMID: 29607083    Free PMC article.
Validation of digital microscopy in the histopathological diagnoses of oral diseases.
Anna Luíza Damaceno Araújo, Gleyson Kleber Amaral-Silva, +6 authors, Alan Roger Santos-Silva.
Virchows Arch, 2018 Jun 03; 473(3). PMID: 29858684
Interactive Digital Microscopy at the Center for a Cross-Continent Undergraduate Pathology Course in Mozambique.
Leonor David, Isabel Martins, +5 authors, Carla Carrilho.
J Pathol Inform, 2019 Jan 05; 9. PMID: 30607309    Free PMC article.
Comparison of the whole slide imaging and conventional light microscopy in the grading of oral epithelial dysplasia: a multi-institutional study.
P-B Diniz, M Sena-Filho, +4 authors, J Jorge.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal, 2020 Nov 29; 26(1). PMID: 33247580    Free PMC article.
Fully digital pathology laboratory routine and remote reporting of oral and maxillofacial diagnosis during the COVID-19 pandemic: a validation study.
Anna Luíza Damaceno Araújo, Gleyson Kleber do Amaral-Silva, +15 authors, Pablo Agustin Vargas.
Virchows Arch, 2021 Mar 14; 479(3). PMID: 33713188    Free PMC article.
Application of remote online learning in oral histopathology teaching in China.
Y Zhong, W Sun, +6 authors, Y Xu.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal, 2021 Jun 25; 26(4). PMID: 34162817    Free PMC article.
Overcoming Barriers in a Traditional Medical Education System by the Stepwise, Evidence-Based Introduction of a Modern Learning Technology.
Doris George Yohannan, Aswathy Maria Oommen, +5 authors, Renuka Krishnapillai.
Med Sci Educ, 2019 Jul 01; 29(3). PMID: 34457545    Free PMC article.