. 2015 Nov;24(1).
doi: 10.1016/j.mric.2015.08.012.

Multiparametric MR Imaging of Breast Cancer

Habib Rahbar 1 Savannah C Partridge 2 
  • PMID: 26613883
  •     99 References
  •     23 citations


Breast MR imaging has increased in popularity over the past 2 decades due to evidence of its high sensitivity for cancer detection. Current clinical MR imaging approaches rely on the use of a dynamic contrast-enhanced acquisition that facilitates morphologic and semiquantitative kinetic assessments of breast lesions. The use of more functional and quantitative parameters holds promise to broaden the utility of MR imaging and improve its specificity. Because of wide variations in approaches for measuring these parameters and the considerable technical challenges, robust multicenter data supporting their routine use are not yet available, limiting current applications of many of these tools to research purposes.

Keywords: Breast cancer; Diffusion-weighted imaging; Dynamic contrast enhanced; Magnetic resonance spectroscopy; Multiparametric breast MR imaging.

MRI detection of distinct incidental cancer in women with primary breast cancer studied in IBMC 6883.
Mitchell D Schnall, Jeffery Blume, +14 authors, Constantine A Gatsonis.
J Surg Oncol, 2005 Sep 24; 92(1). PMID: 16180227
Hypoxia: importance in tumor biology, noninvasive measurement by imaging, and value of its measurement in the management of cancer therapy.
James L Tatum, Gary J Kelloff, +28 authors, Daniel Sullivan.
Int J Radiat Biol, 2006 Nov 23; 82(10). PMID: 17118889
Highly Cited. Review.
31P MRSI and 1H MRS at 7 T: initial results in human breast cancer.
Dennis W J Klomp, Bart L van de Bank, +6 authors, Peter R Luijten.
NMR Biomed, 2011 Mar 25; 24(10). PMID: 21433156
Parametric diffusion tensor imaging of the breast.
Erez Eyal, Myra Shapiro-Feinberg, +6 authors, Hadassa Degani.
Invest Radiol, 2012 Apr 05; 47(5). PMID: 22472798
A high spatial resolution 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging technique for breast cancer with a short echo time.
Jiani Hu, Yingjian Yu, +8 authors, Renate L Soulen.
Magn Reson Imaging, 2007 Oct 02; 26(3). PMID: 17904326    Free PMC article.
Dynamic breast MR imaging: are signal intensity time course data useful for differential diagnosis of enhancing lesions?
C K Kuhl, P Mielcareck, +4 authors, H H Schild.
Radiology, 1999 Apr 06; 211(1). PMID: 10189459
Highly Cited.
Improved diagnostic accuracy with multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging of the breast using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging, and 3-dimensional proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging.
Katja Pinker, Wolfgang Bogner, +9 authors, Thomas H Helbich.
Invest Radiol, 2014 Feb 26; 49(6). PMID: 24566292
Meta-analysis of quantitative diffusion-weighted MR imaging in the differential diagnosis of breast lesions.
Xin Chen, Wen-ling Li, +3 authors, Zhi-lan Bai.
BMC Cancer, 2010 Dec 30; 10. PMID: 21189150    Free PMC article.
Quantitative pharmacokinetic analysis of DCE-MRI data without an arterial input function: a reference region model.
Thomas E Yankeelov, Jeffrey J Luci, +5 authors, John C Gore.
Magn Reson Imaging, 2005 May 28; 23(4). PMID: 15919597
Quantitative diffusion imaging in breast cancer: a clinical prospective study.
Erika Rubesova, Anne-Sophie Grell, +3 authors, Marc Lemort.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 2006 Jun 21; 24(2). PMID: 16786565
In vivo diffusion-weighted MRI of the breast: potential for lesion characterization.
Shantanu Sinha, Flora Anne Lucas-Quesada, +2 authors, Lawrence W Bassett.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 2002 Jul 12; 15(6). PMID: 12112520
Separation of diffusion and perfusion in intravoxel incoherent motion MR imaging.
D Le Bihan, E Breton, +3 authors, M Laval-Jeantet.
Radiology, 1988 Aug 01; 168(2). PMID: 3393671
Highly Cited.
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy of locally advanced breast cancer: predicting response with in vivo (1)H MR spectroscopy--a pilot study at 4 T.
Sina Meisamy, Patrick J Bolan, +8 authors, Michael Garwood.
Radiology, 2004 Nov 02; 233(2). PMID: 15516615
Quantitative diffusion-weighted imaging as an adjunct to conventional breast MRI for improved positive predictive value.
Savannah C Partridge, Wendy B DeMartini, +3 authors, Constance D Lehman.
AJR Am J Roentgenol, 2009 Nov 26; 193(6). PMID: 19933670
Monitoring of neoadjuvant chemotherapy using multiparametric, ²³Na sodium MR, and multimodality (PET/CT/MRI) imaging in locally advanced breast cancer.
Michael A Jacobs, Ronald Ouwerkerk, +6 authors, Vered Stearns.
Breast Cancer Res Treat, 2011 Apr 02; 128(1). PMID: 21455671    Free PMC article.
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the breast: current status.
Patrick J Bolan.
Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am, 2013 Aug 10; 21(3). PMID: 23928249
Clinical application of bilateral high temporal and spatial resolution dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the breast at 7 T.
K Pinker, W Bogner, +10 authors, T H Helbich.
Eur Radiol, 2013 Dec 07; 24(4). PMID: 24306425
Diffusion-weighted MRI in pretreatment prediction of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer.
Raphael Richard, Isabelle Thomassin, +7 authors, Cedric de Bazelaire.
Eur Radiol, 2013 May 09; 23(9). PMID: 23652844
Amide proton transfer imaging of the breast at 3 T: establishing reproducibility and possible feasibility assessing chemotherapy response.
Adrienne N Dula, Lori R Arlinghaus, +5 authors, Seth A Smith.
Magn Reson Med, 2012 Aug 22; 70(1). PMID: 22907893    Free PMC article.
Estimating kinetic parameters from dynamic contrast-enhanced T(1)-weighted MRI of a diffusable tracer: standardized quantities and symbols.
P S Tofts, G Brix, +10 authors, R M Weisskoff.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 1999 Oct 03; 10(3). PMID: 10508281
Highly Cited. Review.
Primary human breast adenocarcinoma: imaging and histologic correlates of intrinsic susceptibility-weighted MR imaging before and during chemotherapy.
Sonia P Li, N Jane Taylor, +6 authors, Anwar R Padhani.
Radiology, 2010 Sep 23; 257(3). PMID: 20858850
Three-dimensional proton MR spectroscopic imaging at 3 T for the differentiation of benign and malignant breast lesions.
Stephan Gruber, Bogumil-Krystian Debski, +5 authors, Wolfgang Bogner.
Radiology, 2011 Oct 15; 261(3). PMID: 21998046
A feasible high spatiotemporal resolution breast DCE-MRI protocol for clinical settings.
Luminita A Tudorica, Karen Y Oh, +8 authors, Wei Huang.
Magn Reson Imaging, 2012 Jul 10; 30(9). PMID: 22770687    Free PMC article.
Parameters of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI as imaging markers for angiogenesis and proliferation in human breast cancer.
Lin Li, Kai Wang, +4 authors, Baozhong Shen.
Med Sci Monit, 2015 Feb 03; 21. PMID: 25640082    Free PMC article.
MRI vs. histologic measurement of breast cancer following chemotherapy: comparison with x-ray mammography and palpation.
P T Weatherall, G F Evans, +2 authors, A M Leitch.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 2001 May 31; 13(6). PMID: 11382946
MRI-detected suspicious breast lesions: predictive values of kinetic features measured by computer-aided evaluation.
Lilian C Wang, Wendy B DeMartini, +2 authors, Constance D Lehman.
AJR Am J Roentgenol, 2009 Aug 22; 193(3). PMID: 19696298
Efficacy of MRI and mammography for breast-cancer screening in women with a familial or genetic predisposition.
Mieke Kriege, Cecile T M Brekelmans, +16 authors, Magnetic Resonance Imaging Screening Study Group.
N Engl J Med, 2004 Jul 30; 351(5). PMID: 15282350
Highly Cited.
Locally advanced breast cancer: MR imaging for prediction of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy--results from ACRIN 6657/I-SPY TRIAL.
Nola M Hylton, Jeffrey D Blume, +11 authors, ACRIN 6657 Trial Team and I-SPY 1 TRIAL Investigators.
Radiology, 2012 May 25; 263(3). PMID: 22623692    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited.
Bilateral diffusion-weighted MR imaging of breast tumors with submillimeter resolution using readout-segmented echo-planar imaging at 7 T.
Wolfgang Bogner, Katja Pinker, +8 authors, Stephan Gruber.
Radiology, 2014 Oct 24; 274(1). PMID: 25341078
Diffusion-weighted imaging improves the diagnostic accuracy of conventional 3.0-T breast MR imaging.
Riham H Ei Khouli, Michael A Jacobs, +4 authors, David A Bluemke.
Radiology, 2010 Jun 25; 256(1). PMID: 20574085    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited.
Assessment of therapeutic response of locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) monitored using sequential magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI).
Karikanni Kalathil A Danishad, Uma Sharma, +3 authors, Naranamangalam R Jagannathan.
NMR Biomed, 2010 Feb 23; 23(3). PMID: 20175134
Multiparametric MRI With Dynamic Contrast Enhancement, Diffusion-Weighted Imaging, and 31-Phosphorus Spectroscopy at 7 T for Characterization of Breast Cancer.
Alexander M Th Schmitz, Wouter B Veldhuis, +6 authors, Kenneth G A Gilhuijs.
Invest Radiol, 2015 Jul 03; 50(11). PMID: 26135017
Differentiation of clinically benign and malignant breast lesions using diffusion-weighted imaging.
Yong Guo, You-Quan Cai, +5 authors, Jia-Hong Gao.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 2002 Aug 31; 16(2). PMID: 12203765
Highly Cited.
Breast lesions: diagnosis by using proton MR spectroscopy at 1.5 and 3.0 T--systematic review and meta-analysis.
Pascal A T Baltzer, Matthias Dietzel.
Radiology, 2013 Mar 08; 267(3). PMID: 23468577
Systematic Review.
Screening for breast cancer.
Joann G Elmore, Katrina Armstrong, Constance D Lehman, Suzanne W Fletcher.
JAMA, 2005 Mar 10; 293(10). PMID: 15755947    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited. Review.
Effect of B1 inhomogeneity on breast MR imaging at 3.0 T.
Christiane K Kuhl, Hendrik Kooijman, Juergen Gieseke, Hans H Schild.
Radiology, 2007 Aug 22; 244(3). PMID: 17709843
Measurement of the blood-brain barrier permeability and leakage space using dynamic MR imaging. 1. Fundamental concepts.
P S Tofts, A G Kermode.
Magn Reson Med, 1991 Feb 01; 17(2). PMID: 2062210
Highly Cited.
Surveillance of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers with magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, mammography, and clinical breast examination.
Ellen Warner, Donald B Plewes, +10 authors, Steven A Narod.
JAMA, 2004 Sep 16; 292(11). PMID: 15367553
Highly Cited.
Quantitative mapping of total choline in healthy human breast using proton echo planar spectroscopic imaging (PEPSI) at 3 Tesla.
Chenguang Zhao, Patrick J Bolan, +5 authors, Stefan Posse.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 2012 Jul 12; 36(5). PMID: 22782667    Free PMC article.
Monitoring response to primary chemotherapy in breast cancer using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging.
Laura Martincich, Filippo Montemurro, +9 authors, Massimo Aglietta.
Breast Cancer Res Treat, 2004 Mar 06; 83(1). PMID: 14997056
In vivo 1H MRS of normal breast and breast tumors using a dedicated double breast coil.
I S Gribbestad, T E Singstad, +4 authors, P A Rinck.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 1998 Dec 16; 8(6). PMID: 9848727
Tumor detection by nuclear magnetic resonance.
R Damadian.
Science, 1971 Mar 19; 171(3976). PMID: 5544870
Highly Cited.
Metabolite quantification and high-field MRS in breast cancer.
Ihab S Haddadin, Adeka McIntosh, +7 authors, Patrick J Bolan.
NMR Biomed, 2007 Oct 25; 22(1). PMID: 17957820    Free PMC article.
High-resolution diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in patients with locally advanced breast cancer.
Lisa Singer, Lisa J Wilmes, +7 authors, Nola M Hylton.
Acad Radiol, 2011 Dec 27; 19(5). PMID: 22197382    Free PMC article.
MRI quantification of non-Gaussian water diffusion by kurtosis analysis.
Jens H Jensen, Joseph A Helpern.
NMR Biomed, 2010 Jul 16; 23(7). PMID: 20632416    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited. Review.
Detection of non-palpable breast cancer in asymptomatic women by using unenhanced diffusion-weighted and T2-weighted MR imaging: comparison with mammography and dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging.
Hidetake Yabuuchi, Yoshio Matsuo, +9 authors, Hiroshi Honda.
Eur Radiol, 2010 Jul 20; 21(1). PMID: 20640898
Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging of the breast: protocol optimization, interpretation, and clinical applications.
Savannah C Partridge, Elizabeth S McDonald.
Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am, 2013 Aug 10; 21(3). PMID: 23928248    Free PMC article.
ADC mapping of benign and malignant breast tumors.
Reiko Woodhams, Keiji Matsunaga, +6 authors, Kazushige Hayakawa.
Magn Reson Med Sci, 2005 Aug 30; 4(1). PMID: 16127252
Dynamic slice-dependent shim and center frequency update in 3 T breast diffusion weighted imaging.
Seung-Kyun Lee, Ek Tsoon Tan, Ambey Govenkar, Ileana Hancu.
Magn Reson Med, 2013 Jun 27; 71(5). PMID: 23798360    Free PMC article.
Adding in vivo quantitative 1H MR spectroscopy to improve diagnostic accuracy of breast MR imaging: preliminary results of observer performance study at 4.0 T.
Sina Meisamy, Patrick J Bolan, +14 authors, Michael Garwood.
Radiology, 2005 Jul 26; 236(2). PMID: 16040903
Evaluation of breast cancer using proton MR spectroscopy: total choline peak integral and signal-to-noise ratio as prognostic indicators.
Hee Jung Shin, Hyeon-Man Baek, Joo Hee Cha, Hak Hee Kim.
AJR Am J Roentgenol, 2012 Apr 25; 198(5). PMID: 22528931
MR imaging of intravoxel incoherent motions: application to diffusion and perfusion in neurologic disorders.
D Le Bihan, E Breton, +3 authors, M Laval-Jeantet.
Radiology, 1986 Nov 01; 161(2). PMID: 3763909
Highly Cited.
Combined dynamic contrast enhanced breast MR and proton spectroscopic imaging: a feasibility study.
Michael A Jacobs, Peter B Barker, +3 authors, David A Bluemke.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 2004 Dec 22; 21(1). PMID: 15611934
High-resolution magic angle spinning MRS of breast cancer tissue.
Beathe Sitter, Ursula Sonnewald, +2 authors, Ingrid S Gribbestad.
NMR Biomed, 2002 Aug 31; 15(5). PMID: 12203224
Proton MR spectroscopy with choline peak as malignancy marker improves positive predictive value for breast cancer diagnosis: preliminary study.
Lia Bartella, Elizabeth A Morris, +5 authors, Wei Huang.
Radiology, 2006 Apr 11; 239(3). PMID: 16603660
A review of current evidence-based clinical applications for breast magnetic resonance imaging.
Wendy DeMartini, Constance Lehman.
Top Magn Reson Imaging, 2008 Oct 23; 19(3). PMID: 18941394
Detecting blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) contrast in the breast.
Rebecca Rakow-Penner, Bruce Daniel, Gary H Glover.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 2010 Jun 26; 32(1). PMID: 20578018
Assessment of BI-RADS category 4 lesions detected with screening mammography and screening US: utility of MR imaging.
Kevin Strobel, Simone Schrading, +2 authors, Christiane K Kuhl.
Radiology, 2014 Oct 02; 274(2). PMID: 25271857
Viscoelastic shear properties of in vivo breast lesions measured by MR elastography.
Ralph Sinkus, Mickael Tanter, +3 authors, Mathias Fink.
Magn Reson Imaging, 2005 Apr 19; 23(2). PMID: 15833607
Highly Cited.
Nuclear magnetic resonance and detection of human breast tumor.
W M Bovée, K W Getreuer, J Smidt, J Lindeman.
J Natl Cancer Inst, 1978 Jul 01; 61(1). PMID: 276638
Clinical utility of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in characterizing breast lesions.
Rachel Katz-Brull, Philip T Lavin, Robert E Lenkinski.
J Natl Cancer Inst, 2002 Aug 22; 94(16). PMID: 12189222
Differential diagnosis of mammographically and clinically occult breast lesions on diffusion-weighted MRI.
Savannah C Partridge, Wendy B Demartini, +3 authors, Constance D Lehman.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 2010 Feb 27; 31(3). PMID: 20187198
Fourier component imaging of water resonance in the human breast provides markers for malignancy.
Milica Medved, Gillian M Newstead, +5 authors, Gregory S Karczmar.
Phys Med Biol, 2009 Sep 11; 54(19). PMID: 19741276    Free PMC article.
Diffusion changes precede size reduction in neoadjuvant treatment of breast cancer.
Martin D Pickles, Peter Gibbs, Martin Lowry, Lindsay W Turnbull.
Magn Reson Imaging, 2006 Aug 19; 24(7). PMID: 16916701
Highly Cited.
Accuracy of MRI in the detection of residual breast cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
Eric L Rosen, Kimberly L Blackwell, +5 authors, Mark W Dewhirst.
AJR Am J Roentgenol, 2003 Oct 24; 181(5). PMID: 14573420
BOLD-MRI of breast invasive ductal carcinoma: correlation of R2* value and the expression of HIF-1α.
Min Liu, Xiaojuan Guo, +4 authors, Jun Liu.
Eur Radiol, 2013 Jul 10; 23(12). PMID: 23835924
Early prediction of pathologic response to neoadjuvant therapy in breast cancer: systematic review of the accuracy of MRI.
M L Marinovich, F Sardanelli, +6 authors, N Houssami.
Breast, 2012 Aug 07; 21(5). PMID: 22863284
Systematic Review.
Elevated tissue sodium concentration in malignant breast lesions detected with non-invasive 23Na MRI.
Ronald Ouwerkerk, Michael A Jacobs, +6 authors, Paul A Bottomley.
Breast Cancer Res Treat, 2007 Jan 30; 106(2). PMID: 17260093
Inhomogeneous static magnetic field-induced distortion correction applied to diffusion weighted MRI of the breast at 3T.
Jose R Teruel, Hans E Fjøsne, +4 authors, Pål E Goa.
Magn Reson Med, 2014 Oct 18; 74(4). PMID: 25323982
The utility of breast MRI as a problem-solving tool.
Edwin J Yau, Robert L Gutierrez, +3 authors, Constance D Lehman.
Breast J, 2011 Apr 12; 17(3). PMID: 21477168
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging of human breast cancer: a preliminary study.
Michael A Jacobs, Peter B Barker, +2 authors, David A Bluemke.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 2003 Dec 30; 19(1). PMID: 14696222
Diffusion-weighted MRI: influence of intravoxel fat signal and breast density on breast tumor conspicuity and apparent diffusion coefficient measurements.
Savannah C Partridge, Lisa Singer, +4 authors, Nola M Hylton.
Magn Reson Imaging, 2011 Sep 17; 29(9). PMID: 21920686    Free PMC article.
Enhancing nonmass lesions in the breast: evaluation with proton (1H) MR spectroscopy.
Lia Bartella, Sunitha B Thakur, +5 authors, Laura Liberman.
Radiology, 2007 Sep 22; 245(1). PMID: 17885182
Diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging of the breast: a pilot study.
Pascal A T Baltzer, Anja Schäfer, +4 authors, Werner A Kaiser.
Eur Radiol, 2010 Jul 30; 21(1). PMID: 20668860
Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging for predicting pathological response after the first cycle of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer.
Xia Li, Richard G Abramson, +11 authors, Thomas E Yankeelov.
Invest Radiol, 2014 Nov 02; 50(4). PMID: 25360603    Free PMC article.
Longitudinal study of the assessment by MRI and diffusion-weighted imaging of tumor response in patients with locally advanced breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
Uma Sharma, Karikanni Kalathil A Danishad, Vurthaluru Seenu, Naranamangalam R Jagannathan.
NMR Biomed, 2008 Apr 04; 22(1). PMID: 18384182
Highly Cited.
Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging, spectroscopy and multinuclear (²³Na) imaging monitoring of preoperative chemotherapy for locally advanced breast cancer.
Michael A Jacobs, Vered Stearns, +9 authors, Ronald Ouwerkerk.
Acad Radiol, 2010 Sep 25; 17(12). PMID: 20863721    Free PMC article.
Amide proton transfer imaging of the human breast at 7T: development and reproducibility.
Dennis W J Klomp, Adrienne N Dula, +9 authors, Seth A Smith.
NMR Biomed, 2013 Apr 06; 26(10). PMID: 23559550    Free PMC article.
Multiparametric MR Imaging with High-Resolution Dynamic Contrast-enhanced and Diffusion-weighted Imaging at 7 T Improves the Assessment of Breast Tumors: A Feasibility Study.
Katja Pinker, Pascal Baltzer, +9 authors, Thomas H Helbich.
Radiology, 2015 Mar 10; 276(2). PMID: 25751227
Intravoxel incoherent motion imaging of tumor microenvironment in locally advanced breast cancer.
E E Sigmund, G Y Cho, +7 authors, L Moy.
Magn Reson Med, 2011 Feb 03; 65(5). PMID: 21287591    Free PMC article.
The added value of quantitative multi-voxel MR spectroscopy in breast magnetic resonance imaging.
M D Dorrius, R M Pijnappel, +4 authors, P E Sijens.
Eur Radiol, 2011 Nov 15; 22(4). PMID: 22076317    Free PMC article.
Human breast lesions: characterization with proton MR spectroscopy.
J R Roebuck, K M Cecil, M D Schnall, R E Lenkinski.
Radiology, 1998 Oct 14; 209(1). PMID: 9769842
Role of dynamic contrast enhanced MRI in monitoring early response of locally advanced breast cancer to neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
Martin D Pickles, Martin Lowry, +2 authors, Lindsay W Turnbull.
Breast Cancer Res Treat, 2005 May 04; 91(1). PMID: 15868426
Performance goals for an adjunct diagnostic test to reduce unnecessary biopsies after screening mammography: analysis of costs, benefits, and consequences.
Christoph I Lee, Mark E Bensink, +6 authors, Scott D Ramsey.
J Am Coll Radiol, 2013 Dec 04; 10(12). PMID: 24295942
Cancer yield of mammography, MR, and US in high-risk women: prospective multi-institution breast cancer screening study.
Constance D Lehman, Claudine Isaacs, +11 authors, Constantine Gatsonis.
Radiology, 2007 Jul 21; 244(2). PMID: 17641362
Intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted MRI at 3.0 T differentiates malignant breast lesions from benign lesions and breast parenchyma.
Louisa Bokacheva, Jennifer B Kaplan, +6 authors, Sunitha B Thakur.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 2013 Nov 26; 40(4). PMID: 24273096    Free PMC article.
Quantitative non-Gaussian diffusion and intravoxel incoherent motion magnetic resonance imaging: differentiation of malignant and benign breast lesions.
Mami Iima, Kojiro Yano, +5 authors, Denis Le Bihan.
Invest Radiol, 2014 Sep 27; 50(4). PMID: 25260092
Variations of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in evaluation of breast cancer therapy response: a multicenter data analysis challenge.
Wei Huang, Xin Li, +22 authors, Jayashree Kalpathy-Cramer.
Transl Oncol, 2014 Apr 29; 7(1). PMID: 24772219    Free PMC article.
Human breast lesions: characterization with contrast-enhanced in vivo proton MR spectroscopy--initial results.
D K Yeung, H S Cheung, G M Tse.
Radiology, 2001 Jun 27; 220(1). PMID: 11425970
American Cancer Society guidelines for breast screening with MRI as an adjunct to mammography.
Debbie Saslow, Carla Boetes, +13 authors, American Cancer Society Breast Cancer Advisory Group.
CA Cancer J Clin, 2007 Mar 30; 57(2). PMID: 17392385
Highly Cited.
Contrast-enhanced MR imaging in patients with BI-RADS 3-5 microcalcifications.
A Cilotti, C Iacconi, +8 authors, C Bartolozzi.
Radiol Med, 2007 Mar 16; 112(2). PMID: 17361370
Diffusion tensor MRI: preliminary anisotropy measures and mapping of breast tumors.
Savannah C Partridge, Ali Ziadloo, +5 authors, Constance D Lehman.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 2010 Jan 26; 31(2). PMID: 20099346
The evaluation of human breast lesions with magnetic resonance imaging and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
K M Cecil, M D Schnall, E S Siegelman, R E Lenkinski.
Breast Cancer Res Treat, 2001 Oct 27; 68(1). PMID: 11678308
Intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) in evaluation of breast lesions: comparison with conventional DWI.
Chunling Liu, Changhong Liang, +2 authors, Biao Huang.
Eur J Radiol, 2013 Sep 17; 82(12). PMID: 24034833
Blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for prediction of breast cancer chemotherapy response: a pilot study.
Lan Jiang, Paul T Weatherall, +2 authors, Ralph P Mason.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 2012 Nov 06; 37(5). PMID: 23124705
In vivo assessment of ductal carcinoma in situ grade: a model incorporating dynamic contrast-enhanced and diffusion-weighted breast MR imaging parameters.
Habib Rahbar, Savannah C Partridge, +4 authors, Constance D Lehman.
Radiology, 2012 Apr 21; 263(2). PMID: 22517955    Free PMC article.
MR imaging of the breast: fast imaging sequences with and without Gd-DTPA. Preliminary observations.
W A Kaiser, E Zeitler.
Radiology, 1989 Mar 01; 170(3 Pt 1). PMID: 2916021
Highly Cited.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the breast prior to biopsy.
David A Bluemke, Constantine A Gatsonis, +14 authors, Mitchell D Schnall.
JAMA, 2004 Dec 09; 292(22). PMID: 15585733
Highly Cited.
Discrimination of benign and malignant breast lesions by using shutter-speed dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging.
Wei Huang, Luminita A Tudorica, +8 authors, Charles S Springer.
Radiology, 2011 Aug 11; 261(2). PMID: 21828189    Free PMC article.
[Multiparametric and molecular imaging of breast tumors with MRI and PET/MRI].
K Pinker, M A Marino, A Dr Meyer-Baese, T H Helbich.
Radiologe, 2016 Jul 02; 56(7). PMID: 27364727
PET and MRI: Is the Whole Greater than the Sum of Its Parts?
Robert J Gillies, Thomas Beyer.
Cancer Res, 2016 Nov 03; 76(21). PMID: 27729326    Free PMC article.
Progress in the clinical detection of heterogeneity in breast cancer.
Jun-Long Song, Chuang Chen, Jing-Ping Yuan, Sheng-Rong Sun.
Cancer Med, 2016 Oct 25; 5(12). PMID: 27774765    Free PMC article.
The potential of multiparametric MRI of the breast.
Katja Pinker, Thomas H Helbich, Elizabeth A Morris.
Br J Radiol, 2016 Nov 03; 90(1069). PMID: 27805423    Free PMC article.
Evaluation of optimized magnetic resonance perfusion imaging scanning time window after contrast agent injection for differentiating benign and malignant breast lesions.
Jie Dong, Dawei Wang, +3 authors, Jiandong Zhang.
Exp Ther Med, 2017 Apr 30; 13(3). PMID: 28450944    Free PMC article.
Breast Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MRI: Fibrocystic Changes Presenting as a Non-mass Enhancement Mimicking Malignancy.
Zorica C Milosevic, Mirjan M Nadrljanski, +3 authors, Olga S Radulovic.
Radiol Oncol, 2017 Jul 26; 51(2). PMID: 28740447    Free PMC article.
Percentage change of primary tumor on 18F-FDG PET/CT as a prognostic factor for invasive ductal breast cancer with axillary lymph node metastasis: Comparison with MRI.
Jang Yoo, Bom Sahn Kim, Jin Chung, Hai-Jeon Yoon.
Medicine (Baltimore), 2017 Aug 03; 96(31). PMID: 28767583    Free PMC article.
Background, current role, and potential applications of radiogenomics.
Katja Pinker, Fuki Shitano, +6 authors, Elizabeth A Morris.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 2017 Nov 03; 47(3). PMID: 29095543    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited. Review.
Clinical role of breast MRI now and going forward.
D Leithner, G J Wengert, +4 authors, K Pinker.
Clin Radiol, 2017 Dec 13; 73(8). PMID: 29229179    Free PMC article.
Review of quantitative multiscale imaging of breast cancer.
Michael A Pinkert, Lonie R Salkowski, +3 authors, Kevin W Eliceiri.
J Med Imaging (Bellingham), 2018 Feb 03; 5(1). PMID: 29392158    Free PMC article.
Preoperative dynamic breast magnetic resonance imaging kinetic features using computer-aided diagnosis: Association with survival outcome and tumor aggressiveness in patients with invasive breast cancer.
Sang Yu Nam, Eun Sook Ko, +4 authors, Jeong Eon Lee.
PLoS One, 2018 Apr 13; 13(4). PMID: 29649266    Free PMC article.
Can apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) distinguish breast cancer from benign breast findings? A meta-analysis based on 13 847 lesions.
Alexey Surov, Hans Jonas Meyer, Andreas Wienke.
BMC Cancer, 2019 Oct 17; 19(1). PMID: 31615463    Free PMC article.
Quantitative in vivo proton MR spectroscopic assessment of lipid metabolism: Value for breast cancer diagnosis and prognosis.
Sunitha B Thakur, Joao V Horvat, +12 authors, Katja Pinker.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 2019 Jan 04; 50(1). PMID: 30605266    Free PMC article.
Differentiation of Breast Lesions and Distinguishing Their Histological Subtypes Using Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and ADC Values.
Jelena Maric, Jasmina Boban, +3 authors, Dragana Bogdanovic-Stojanovic.
Front Oncol, 2020 Apr 02; 10. PMID: 32232007    Free PMC article.
Feasibility and Diagnostic Performance of Voxelwise Computed Diffusion-Weighted Imaging in Breast Cancer.
Jiejie Zhou, Endong Chen, +7 authors, Meihao Wang.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 2018 Oct 18; 49(6). PMID: 30328211    Free PMC article.
Proton MR spectroscopy in the breast: Technical innovations and clinical applications.
Reza Fardanesh, Maria Adele Marino, +3 authors, Sunitha B Thakur.
J Magn Reson Imaging, 2019 Mar 09; 50(4). PMID: 30848037    Free PMC article.
Differential diagnosis of plasma cell mastitis and invasive ductal carcinoma using multiparametric MRI.
Rong Chen, Baoquan Hu, +4 authors, Yan Xu.
Gland Surg, 2020 May 19; 9(2). PMID: 32420252    Free PMC article.
Pretreatment apparent diffusion coefficient does not predict therapy response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer.
Alexey Surov, Andreas Wienke, Hans Jonas Meyer.
Breast, 2020 Jul 12; 53. PMID: 32652460    Free PMC article.
DW-MRI of the breast: a pictorial review.
Irmak Durur-Subasi.
Insights Imaging, 2019 Jun 05; 10(1). PMID: 31161458    Free PMC article.
Integrated Multiparametric Radiomics and Informatics System for Characterizing Breast Tumor Characteristics with the OncotypeDX Gene Assay.
Michael A Jacobs, Christopher B Umbricht, +5 authors, Antonio C Wolff.
Cancers (Basel), 2020 Oct 01; 12(10). PMID: 32992569    Free PMC article.
Combined application of pharamcokinetic DCE-MRI and IVIM-DWI could improve detection efficiency in early diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ.
Wei-Jing Tao, Hui-Xin Zhang, +5 authors, Gen-Ji Bai.
J Appl Clin Med Phys, 2019 May 28; 20(7). PMID: 31124276    Free PMC article.
Supplementary abbreviated supine breast MRI following a standard prone breast MRI with single contrast administration: is it effective in detecting the initial contrast-enhancing lesions?
Erkin Arıbal, Onur Buğdaycı.
Diagn Interv Radiol, 2019 May 28; 25(4). PMID: 31124788    Free PMC article.
Diagnostic value of MRI combined with ultrasound for lymph node metastasis in breast cancer: Protocol for a meta-analysis.
Dechun Cai, Tong Lin, Kailin Jiang, Zhizhong Sun.
Medicine (Baltimore), 2019 Jul 28; 98(30). PMID: 31348268    Free PMC article.