Journal Article
. 2016 Dec; 161(3):587-595.
doi: 10.1007/s10549-016-4086-3.

The influence of 21-gene recurrence score assay on chemotherapy use in a population-based sample of breast cancer patients

Yun Li 1 Allison W Kurian 2 Irina Bondarenko 1 Jeremy M G Taylor 1 Reshma Jagsi 3 Kevin C Ward 4 Ann S Hamilton 5 Steven J Katz 6 Timothy P Hofer 6 
Affiliations
  • PMID: 28012085
  •     14 References
  •     4 citations

Abstract

Purpose: To quantify the influence of RS assay on changing chemotherapy plans in a general practice setting using causal inference methods.

Methods: We surveyed 3880 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients in Los Angeles and Georgia in 2013-14. We used inverse propensity weighting and multiple imputations to derive complete information for each patient about treatment status with and without testing.

Results: A half of the 1545 women eligible for testing (ER+ or PR+, HER2-, and stage I-II) received RS. We estimate that 30% (95% confidence interval (CI) 10-49%) of patients would have changed their treatment selections after RS assay, with 10% (CI 0-20%) being encouraged to undergo chemotherapy and 20% (CI 10-30%) being discouraged from chemotherapy. The subgroups whose treatment selections would be changed the most by RS were patients with positive nodes (44%; CI 24-64%), larger tumor (43% for tumor size >2 cm; CI 23-62%), or younger age (41% for <50 years, CI 23-58%). The assay was associated with a net reduction in chemotherapy use by 10% (CI 4-16%). The reduction was much greater for women with positive nodes (31%; CI 21-41%), larger tumor (30% for tumor size >2 cm; CI 22-38%), or younger age (22% for <50 years; CI 9-35%).

Conclusion: RS substantially changed chemotherapy treatment selections with the largest influence among patients with less favorable pre-test prognosis. Whether this is optimal awaits the results of clinical trials addressing the utility of RS testing in selected subgroups.

Keywords: 21-gene recurrence score assay; Breast cancer; Chemotherapy; Population studies.

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