Journal Article
. 2017 Feb; 123(13):2422-2431.
doi: 10.1002/cncr.30618.

Outcomes in patients with early-stage breast cancer who underwent a 21-gene expression assay

Carlos H Barcenas 1 Akshara Raghavendra 1 Arup K Sinha 1 Masood Pasha Syed 1 Limin Hsu 1 Modesto G Patangan 1 Mariana Chavez-MacGregor 1 Yu Shen 2 Gabriel H Hortobagyi 1 Vicente Valero 1 Sharon H Giordano 1 Naoto T Ueno 1 Debu Tripathy 1 
Affiliations
  • PMID: 28199747
  •     24 References
  •     13 citations

Abstract

Background: Invasive disease-free survival (IDFS) rates are excellent in patients with breast cancer (BC) with hormone receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-), axillary lymph node-negative (LN-) tumors with a 21-gene expression assay recurrence score (RS) of 0 to 10. However, to the authors' knowledge, the outcomes among patients with an RS of 11 to 25 who are treated with endocrine therapy alone are unknown.

Methods: In this retrospective single-institution study, the authors described the characteristics of patients with HR+, HER2-, LN- BC who underwent a 21-gene expression assay. In addition, among those individuals diagnosed between 2005 and 2011, we measured IDFS, recurrence-free survival, distant recurrence-free survival, and overall survival rates, focusing on patients with an RS of 11 to 25 by receipt of chemotherapy. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate survival rates and multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs).

Results: Among 1424 patients, the RS distribution was 0 to 10 in 297 patients (21%), 11 to 25 in 894 patients (63%), and >25 in 233 patients (16%); of these, 1.7%, 15%, and 73.4% of patients, respectively, received chemotherapy. With a median follow-up of 58 months, those patients with an RS of 11 to 25 had an IDFS rate at 5 years of 92.6% (95% CI, 89.6%-94.7%), which was comparable between those who received chemotherapy and those who did not. The hazard ratios of the effect of chemotherapy were 1.64 for IDFS (95% CI, 0.73-3.71), 1.46 for recurrence-free survival (95% CI, 0.41-5.23), 1.25 for distant recurrence-free survival (95% CI, 0.32-4.92), and 2.19 for overall survival (95% CI, 0.44-11.0).

Conclusions: The results of the current study demonstrate similar outcomes with or without chemotherapy in patients with HR+, HER2-, LN- BC who have an RS of 11 to 25, but a benefit from chemotherapy in this group cannot be ruled out. Cancer 2017;123:2422-31. © 2017 American Cancer Society.

Keywords: chemotherapy; early-stage breast cancer; gene expression assays; hormone receptor positive; tumor genomics.

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