Journal Article
. 2018 Oct; 9:421.
doi: 10.3389/fgene.2018.00421.

Association Analysis of Somatic Copy Number Alteration Burden With Breast Cancer Survival

Linfan Zhang 1 Nikta Feizi 1 Chen Chi 1 Pingzhao Hu 1 
Affiliations
  • PMID: 30337938
  •     33 References
  •     15 citations

Abstract

The increasing prevalence of diagnosed breast cancer cases emphasizes the urgent demand for developing new prognostic breast cancer biomarkers. Copy number alteration (CNA) burden measured as the percentage of the genome affected by CNAs has emerged as a potential candidate to this aim. Using somatic CNA data obtained from METABRIC (Molecular Taxonomy of Breast Cancer International Consortium), we implemented Kaplan-Meier estimators and Cox proportional hazards models to examine the association of CNA burden with patient's overall survival (OS) and disease specific survival (DSS). We also evaluated the association by considering patients' age and tumor subtypes using stratified Cox models. We delineated the distribution of CNA burden in sample genomes and highlighted chromosomes 1, 8, and 16 as the carriers of the highest CNA burden. We identified a strong association between CNA burden and age as well as CNA burden and breast cancer PAM50 subtypes. We found that controlling the effects of both age (bound by 45-year) and PAM50 subtypes on patient survival using stratified Cox models, would still result in significant association between CNA burden and patients overall survival in both Discovery and Validation data. The same trend was observed in disease specific survival when only PAM50 subtypes were controlled in the stratified Cox models. Our analysis showed that there is a significant association between CNA burden and breast cancer survival. This result is also validated by using TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) data. CNA burden of breast cancer patients has a considerable potential to be used as a novel prognostic biomarker.

Keywords: breast cancer; copy number alteration; genetic burden; prognosis biomarker; stratified model.

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