Journal Article
. 2019 Jun;101(8).
doi: 10.1308/rcsann.2019.0096.

The effect of Oncotype DX® on adjuvant chemotherapy treatment decisions in early breast cancer

M A Rabie 1 A Rankin 2 A Burger 2 Mmg Youssef 3 
  • PMID: 31219316
  •     7 References


Introduction: The aim of this study was to objectively establish the value of the Oncotype DX® (ODX) gene assay in adjuvant treatment decisions for intermediate risk patients with early, oestrogen receptor positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative, lymph node negative breast cancer at a district general hospital.

Methods: All patients who underwent surgery for breast cancer between January 2015 and December 2017 at Queen Elizabeth Hospital in King's Lynn were considered for inclusion in the study. Those who did not meet the criteria for ODX referral were excluded. Patients were divided into two cohorts based on whether they were treated before or after the introduction of ODX testing in this hospital (June 2016): the pre-ODX and post-ODX groups. The primary outcome was the percentage of patients for whom adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) was recommended in each group.

Results: Of the 462 patients who underwent surgery during the study period, 43 met the eligibility criteria for ODX testing: 18 in the pre-ODX group and 25 in the post-ODX group. AC was recommended and given to 11 (61%) of the patients in the pre-ODX group. In the post-ODX group, AC was recommended for seven patients with an ODX Recurrence Score® (RS) of >25; this was given to six patients (24%). One patient (with a RS of 26) declined AC. ODX testing led to a significant reduction in the proportion of patients who received AC (p=0.015).

Conclusions: In intermediate risk patients with breast cancer, the results of the ODX gene assay may change the decision for adjuvant treatment. It represents a valuable tool to assist patients' and clinicians' decision making regarding adjuvant chemotherapy.

Keywords: Breast cancer; Chemotherapy; Gene expression profile; Oncotype DX®.

Breast-cancer-specific mortality in patients treated based on the 21-gene assay: a SEER population-based study.
Valentina I Petkov, Dave P Miller, +21 authors, Steven Shak.
NPJ Breast Cancer, 2017 Jul 20; 2. PMID: 28721379    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited.
Gene expression and benefit of chemotherapy in women with node-negative, estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer.
Soonmyung Paik, Gong Tang, +11 authors, Norman Wolmark.
J Clin Oncol, 2006 May 25; 24(23). PMID: 16720680
Highly Cited.
Effects of chemotherapy and hormonal therapy for early breast cancer on recurrence and 15-year survival: an overview of the randomised trials.
Early Breast Cancer Trialists' Collaborative Group (EBCTCG).
Lancet, 2005 May 17; 365(9472). PMID: 15894097
Highly Cited.
Adjuvant Chemotherapy Guided by a 21-Gene Expression Assay in Breast Cancer.
Joseph A Sparano, Robert J Gray, +27 authors, George W Sledge.
N Engl J Med, 2018 Jun 05; 379(2). PMID: 29860917    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited.
Prospective Validation of a 21-Gene Expression Assay in Breast Cancer.
Joseph A Sparano, Robert J Gray, +28 authors, George W Sledge.
N Engl J Med, 2015 Sep 29; 373(21). PMID: 26412349    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited.
PREDICT: a new UK prognostic model that predicts survival following surgery for invasive breast cancer.
Gordon C Wishart, Elizabeth M Azzato, +5 authors, Paul D P Pharoah.
Breast Cancer Res, 2010 Jan 08; 12(1). PMID: 20053270    Free PMC article.
Impact of Oncotype DX breast Recurrence Score testing on adjuvant chemotherapy use in early breast cancer: Real world experience in Greater Manchester, UK.
J Loncaster, A Armstrong, +5 authors, N J Bundred.
Eur J Surg Oncol, 2017 Jan 24; 43(5). PMID: 28111076