Review
. 2019 Aug; 35(10):754-767.
doi: 10.1016/j.tig.2019.07.004.

Ribosomopathies: Old Concepts, New Controversies

Katherine I Farley-Barnes 1 Lisa M Ogawa 1 Susan J Baserga 2 
Affiliations
  • PMID: 31376929
  •     136 References
  •     26 citations

Abstract

Ribosomopathies are a diverse subset of diseases caused by reduced expression of, or mutations in, factors necessary for making ribosomes, the protein translation machinery in the cell. Despite the ubiquitous need for ribosomes in all cell types, ribosomopathies manifest with tissue-specific defects and sometimes increased cancer susceptibility, but few treatments target the underlying cause. By highlighting new research in the field, we review current hypotheses for the basis of this tissue specificity. Based on new work, we broaden our understanding of the role of ribosome biogenesis in diverse tissue types throughout embryonic development. We also pose the question of whether previously described human conditions such as aging can be at least partially attributed to defects in making ribosomes.

Keywords: aging; cancer; neurodegeneration; ribosome concentration hypothesis; ribosomopathy; specialized ribosome.

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