Journal Article
. 2019 Oct; 15(4):262-267.
doi: 10.5152/ejbh.2019.4860.

Diffusion-Weighted Imaging of Breast Cancer: Correlation of the Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Value with Pathologic Prognostic Factors

Şehnaz Tezcan 1 Nihal Uslu 2 Funda Ulu Öztürk 2 Eda Yılmaz Akçay 3 Tugan Tezcaner 4 
Affiliations
  • PMID: 31620686
  •     30 References
  •     2 citations

Abstract

Objective: The aim was to evaluate relationship between apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values with pathologic prognostic factors in breast carcinoma (BC).

Materials And Methods: 83 patients were enrolled in this study. Prognostic factors included age, tumor size, expression of estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), nuclear grade (NG), lymph node involvement and histologic type. The relationship between ADC and prognostic factors was determined using Independent sample t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation and relative operating characteristics (ROC) analysis.

Results: There was no significant difference between ADC and prognostic factors, including age, tumor size, ER, HER2 and histologic type. The PR-positive tumors (p=0.03) and axillary lymph node involvement (p=0.000) showed a significant association with lower ADC values. The ADC values were significantly lower in high-grade tumors than low-grade tumors (p=0.000). ROC analysis showed an optimal ADC threshold of 0.66 (×10-3 mm2/s) for differentiating low-grade tumors from high-grade tumors (sensitivity, 85.5%; specificity, 81%; area under curve, 0.90).

Conclusion: The lower ADC values of BC were significantly associated with positive expression of PR, LN positivity and high-grade tumor. Especially, ADC values were valuable in predicting NG subgroups.

Keywords: Breast cancer; apparent diffusion coefficient; diffusion-weighted imaging; prognostic factors.

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