Journal Article
. 2020 Apr; 77(4):729-732.
doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2020.03.018.

Using Technology to Maintain the Education of Residents During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Robert Connor Chick 1 Guy Travis Clifton 1 Kaitlin M Peace 1 Brandon W Propper 1 Diane F Hale 1 Adnan A Alseidi 2 Timothy J Vreeland 3 
Affiliations
  • PMID: 32253133
  •     8 References
  •     156 citations

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic presents a unique challenge to surgical residency programs. Due to the restrictions recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other organizations, the educational landscape for surgical residents is rapidly changing. In addition, the time course of these changes is undefined.

Methods: We attempt to define the scope of the problem of maintaining surgical resident education while maintaining the safety of residents, educators, and patients. Within the basic framework of limiting in-person gatherings, postponing or canceling elective operations in hospitals, and limiting rotations between sites, we propose innovative solutions to maintain rigorous education.

Results: We propose several innovative solutions including the flipped classroom model, online practice questions, teleconferencing in place of in-person lectures, involving residents in telemedicine clinics, procedural simulation, and the facilitated use of surgical videos. Although there is no substitute for hands-on learning through operative experience and direct patient care, these may be ways to mitigate the loss of learning exposure during this time.

Conclusions: These innovative solutions utilizing technology may help to bridge the educational gap for surgical residents during this unprecedented circumstance. The support of national organizations may be beneficial in maintaining rigorous surgical education.

Keywords: COVID-19; distance learning; flipped classroom; surgical videos.

Video-based coaching in surgical education: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Knut Magne Augestad, Khayam Butt, +2 authors, Ravi Kiran.
Surg Endosc, 2019 Nov 22; 34(2). PMID: 31748927
Systematic Review.
Flipped classroom improves student learning in health professions education: a meta-analysis.
Khe Foon Hew, Chung Kwan Lo.
BMC Med Educ, 2018 Mar 17; 18(1). PMID: 29544495    Free PMC article.
Highly Cited. Review.
e-Learning in Surgical Education: A Systematic Review.
Nithish Jayakumar, Oliver Brunckhorst, +2 authors, Kamran Ahmed.
J Surg Educ, 2015 Jun 27; 72(6). PMID: 26111822
Systematic Review.
Feasibility and Perceived Usefulness of Using Head-Mounted Cameras for Resident Video Portfolios.
Sophia K McKinley, Daniel A Hashimoto, +5 authors, Denise W Gee.
J Surg Res, 2019 Mar 12; 239. PMID: 30856516    Free PMC article.
Design, management, and critical evaluation of a surgical basic/clinical science curriculum: the role of an educational chief resident.
Shea C Gregg, Dan Eisenberg, Andrew J Duffy, Walter E Longo.
J Surg Educ, 2008 Mar 01; 65(1). PMID: 18308279
Concerns of Quality and Safety in Public Domain Surgical Education Videos: An Assessment of the Critical View of Safety in Frequently Used Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Videos.
Shanley B Deal, Adnan A Alseidi.
J Am Coll Surg, 2017 Sep 09; 225(6). PMID: 28882684
A Society of Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) statement on closed social media (Facebook®) groups for clinical education and consultation: issues of informed consent, patient privacy, and surgeon protection.
James G Bittner, Heather J Logghe, +4 authors, Brian P Jacob.
Surg Endosc, 2018 Nov 14; 33(1). PMID: 30421077
Review.
Viewer discretion advised: is YouTube a friend or foe in surgical education?
H Alejandro Rodriguez, Monica T Young, +2 authors, Andrew S Wright.
Surg Endosc, 2017 Sep 17; 32(4). PMID: 28916948
Adapting a GI Fellowship to a Pandemic: Novel Approaches to Accommodating a Novel Virus.
Sonali Palchaudhuri, Joel Gabre, Stacey Prenner, Jan-Michael Klapproth.
Dig Dis Sci, 2020 May 02; 65(6). PMID: 32356258    Free PMC article.
We Asked the Experts: Virtual Learning in Surgical Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic-Shaping the Future of Surgical Education and Training.
Haley Ehrlich, Mark McKenney, Adel Elkbuli.
World J Surg, 2020 May 16; 44(7). PMID: 32409866    Free PMC article.
A surgeon's role in fighting a medical pandemic: Experiences from the unit at the epicentre of COVID-19 in Singapore - A cohort perspective.
Kumaran Rasappan, Jacob Yoong Leong Oh, +2 authors, Keng Thiam Lee.
Int J Surg, 2020 May 20; 79. PMID: 32426020    Free PMC article.
Mitigating the Psychological Impact of COVID-19 on Healthcare Workers: A Digital Learning Package.
Holly Blake, Fiona Bermingham, Graham Johnson, Andrew Tabner.
Int J Environ Res Public Health, 2020 May 03; 17(9). PMID: 32357424    Free PMC article.
Use of Telemedicine and Virtual Care for Remote Treatment in Response to COVID-19 Pandemic.
Bokolo Anthony Jnr.
J Med Syst, 2020 Jun 17; 44(7). PMID: 32542571    Free PMC article.
Assessment of YouTube as an Educational Tool in Teaching Key Indicator Cases in Otolaryngology During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond: Neck Dissection.
Neil N Luu, Christina M Yver, +3 authors, Karthik Rajasekaran.
J Surg Educ, 2020 Jul 11; 78(1). PMID: 32646815    Free PMC article.
Modifications to dermatology residency education during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Asfandyar Mufti, Khalad Maliyar, Muskaan Sachdeva, Phillip Doiron.
J Am Acad Dermatol, 2020 Jun 05; 83(3). PMID: 32497696    Free PMC article.
Impact of COVID-19 Within a Midwestern General Surgery Residency.
Joseph G Brungardt, Kurt P Schropp, Joshua M V Mammen.
Kans J Med, 2020 Jul 23; 13. PMID: 32695265    Free PMC article.
A scoping review of the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on surgical practice.
Amjad Soltany, Mohammed Hamouda, +4 authors, Amira Yasmine Benmelouka.
Ann Med Surg (Lond), 2020 Jul 25; 57. PMID: 32704366    Free PMC article.
Review.
Implementing an online OSCE during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Rahen Kakadia, Emily Chen, Hiroe Ohyama.
J Dent Educ, 2020 Jul 16;. PMID: 32666512    Free PMC article.
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Otolaryngology trainee education.
Theresa Guo, Kimberley L Kiong, +6 authors, Ehab Y Hanna.
Head Neck, 2020 Jul 16; 42(10). PMID: 32666664    Free PMC article.
e-dental practicum: A way to maintain student hands-on training during disruptive crises.
Antoine Galibourg, Julien Delrieu, +3 authors, Karim Nasr.
J Dent Educ, 2020 Jul 21;. PMID: 32686099    Free PMC article.
COVID-19. An update for orthopedic surgeons.
Mohammad Kamal Abdelnasser, Mohamed Morsy, +8 authors, Ahmed Shawky Abdelgawaad.
SICOT J, 2020 Jul 02; 6. PMID: 32609085    Free PMC article.
Conducting orthopaedic practical examination during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Rajesh Malhotra, Deepak Gautam, +2 authors, Mohammed Tahir Ansari.
J Clin Orthop Trauma, 2020 Aug 11; 11(Suppl 4). PMID: 32774011    Free PMC article.
An Evaluation of Neurosurgical Resident Education and Sentiment During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic: A North American Survey.
Panayiotis E Pelargos, Arpan Chakraborty, +3 authors, Andrew M Bauer.
World Neurosurg, 2020 Jun 09; 140. PMID: 32512244    Free PMC article.
Being an obstetrics and gynaecology resident during the COVID-19: Impact of the pandemic on the residency training program.
Giovanna Bitonti, Anna Rita Palumbo, +6 authors, Roberta Venturella.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol, 2020 Aug 11; 253. PMID: 32771888    Free PMC article.
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on core surgical training.
Khurram Shahzad Khan, Rona Keay, Morag McLellan, Sajid Mahmud.
Scott Med J, 2020 Aug 11; 65(4). PMID: 32772846    Free PMC article.
Early adaptation of urology residency educational programs during COVID-19 clinical and gathering restrictions.
Adam Gabara, Kashif Visram, Michael Leveridge.
Can Urol Assoc J, 2020 Jun 23; 14(8). PMID: 32569574    Free PMC article.
Stress and the Surgical Resident in the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Caitlin Collins, Kelly Mahuron, +3 authors, Elizabeth Wick.
J Surg Educ, 2020 Aug 15; 78(2). PMID: 32792326    Free PMC article.
The Impact of Coronavirus Disease 2019 on Plastic Surgery Training: The Resident Perspective.
Ayush K Kapila, Michela Schettino, +2 authors, Moustapha Hamdi.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open, 2020 Aug 18; 8(7). PMID: 32802694    Free PMC article.
Plastic Surgery Lockdown Learning during Coronavirus Disease 2019: Are Adaptations in Education Here to Stay?
Anita T Mohan, Krishna S Vyas, Malke Asaad, Ankur Khajuria.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open, 2020 Aug 18; 8(7). PMID: 32802695    Free PMC article.
Antivirus-built environment: Lessons learned from Covid-19 pandemic.
Naglaa A Megahed, Ehab M Ghoneim.
Sustain Cities Soc, 2020 Aug 25; 61. PMID: 32834930    Free PMC article.
Remote corneal suturing wet lab: microsurgical education during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Neel D Pasricha, Zeeshan Haq, +7 authors, Saras Ramanathan.
J Cataract Refract Surg, 2020 Aug 10; 46(12). PMID: 32769754    Free PMC article.
Online Teaching During COVID-19: Perception of Medical Undergraduate Students.
Anjali Verma, Surender Verma, Pradeep Garg, Rajesh Godara.
Indian J Surg, 2020 Aug 25;. PMID: 32837080    Free PMC article.
Impact of COVID-19 on post-graduate orthopaedic training in Delhi-NCR.
Gaurav Kumar Upadhyaya, Vijay Kumar Jain, +2 authors, Abhishek Vaish.
J Clin Orthop Trauma, 2020 Aug 25; 11. PMID: 32837103    Free PMC article.
Managing Resident Workforce and Residency Training During COVID-19 Pandemic: Scoping Review of Adaptive Approaches.
Lemi Belay Tolu, Garumma Tolu Feyissa, Alex Ezeh, Wondimu Gudu.
Adv Med Educ Pract, 2020 Aug 28; 11. PMID: 32848492    Free PMC article.
Review.
Perceived Impact of Urologic Surgery Training Program Modifications due to COVID-19 in the United States.
Katherine E Fero, James M Weinberger, Steven Lerman, Jonathan Bergman.
Urology, 2020 Jun 09; 143. PMID: 32512110    Free PMC article.
Creating a COVID-19 Action Plan for GME Programs.
Marja Anton, Josephine Wright, +4 authors, Aaron Crosby.
J Grad Med Educ, 2020 Sep 04; 12(4). PMID: 32879675    Free PMC article.
The impact of COVID-19 on thoracic surgery residency programs in the US: A program director survey.
Garrett N Coyan, Edgar Aranda-Michel, +6 authors, Ibrahim Sultan.
J Card Surg, 2020 Sep 04; 35(12). PMID: 32881042    Free PMC article.
How Has COVID-19 Affected the Costs of the Surgical Fellowship Interview Process?
Jennifer Tseng.
J Surg Educ, 2020 Jun 09; 77(5). PMID: 32507697    Free PMC article.
Review.
Application of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) Principles to Surgical Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Karen J Dickinson, Susie L Gronseth.
J Surg Educ, 2020 Jun 25; 77(5). PMID: 32576451    Free PMC article.
Review.
Student's Perception of Online Learning during COVID Pandemic.
Sakshi Agarwal, Jaya Shankar Kaushik.
Indian J Pediatr, 2020 May 10; 87(7). PMID: 32385779    Free PMC article.
The New Virtual Reality: Advanced Endoscopy Education in the COVID-19 Era.
Uzma D Siddiqui, Harry R Aslanian.
Dig Dis Sci, 2020 Jun 07; 65(7). PMID: 32504351    Free PMC article.
Impact of COVID-19 outbreak on clinical practice and training of young gastroenterologists: A European survey.
Giovanni Marasco, Olga Maria Nardone, +4 authors, Italian Association of Young Gastroenterologist and Endoscopist (AGGEI).
Dig Liver Dis, 2020 Jun 09; 52(12). PMID: 32507619    Free PMC article.
COVID-19 and surgical training in Italy: Residents and young consultants perspectives from the battlefield.
Luca Ferrario, Anna Maffioli, +3 authors, Piergiorgio Danelli.
Am J Surg, 2020 Jun 10; 220(4). PMID: 32513427    Free PMC article.
The perspective of surgical residents on current and future training in light of the COVID-19 pandemic.
A K Kapila, Y Farid, +3 authors, M Hamdi.
Br J Surg, 2020 Jun 23; 107(9). PMID: 32567688    Free PMC article.
Transforming ophthalmic education into virtual learning during COVID-19 pandemic: a global perspective.
Irini Chatziralli, Camila V Ventura, +10 authors, International Retina Collaborative.
Eye (Lond), 2020 Jul 12; 35(5). PMID: 32651545    Free PMC article.
The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on orthopaedic resident education: a nationwide survey study in South Korea.
Dong-Gune Chang, Jong-Beom Park, +4 authors, Choon-Ki Lee.
Int Orthop, 2020 Jul 12; 44(11). PMID: 32651712    Free PMC article.
Creation of an Interactive Virtual Surgical Rotation for Undergraduate Medical Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Tiffany N Chao, Ariel S Frost, +8 authors, Jason G Newman.
J Surg Educ, 2020 Jul 14; 78(1). PMID: 32654999    Free PMC article.
Building Rapport and Earning the Surgical Patient's Trust in the Era of Social Distancing: Teaching Patient-Centered Communication During Video Conference Encounters to Medical Students.
Anna B Newcomb, Margaret Duval, +3 authors, Muneera R Kapadia.
J Surg Educ, 2020 Jul 28; 78(1). PMID: 32709566    Free PMC article.
"Optimization of Surgical Resident Safety and Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic - Lessons Learned".
T Adesoye, C H Davis, +7 authors, N Tariq.
J Surg Educ, 2020 Aug 03; 78(1). PMID: 32739443    Free PMC article.
Surgery Clerkship Curriculum Changes at an Academic Institution during the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Ogonna N Nnamani Silva, Sophia Hernandez, +4 authors, Matthew Y C Lin.
J Surg Educ, 2020 Sep 06; 78(1). PMID: 32888850    Free PMC article.
The ethical advantages of video conferencing in medical education.
Joshua M Kruger, Itay Chowers.
Med Educ Online, 2020 Jul 04; 25(1). PMID: 32615906    Free PMC article.
Digital regenerative medicine and surgery pedagogy for virtual learning in the time of COVID-19.
Saranya P Wyles, Fredric B Meyer, +2 authors, Andre Terzic.
Regen Med, 2020 Aug 28; 15(8). PMID: 32844717    Free PMC article.
Using Rapid Design Thinking to Overcome COVID-19 Challenges in Medical Education.
Anupam Thakur, Sophie Soklaridis, +2 authors, Sanjeev Sockalingam.
Acad Med, 2020 Sep 06; 96(1). PMID: 32889947    Free PMC article.
Review.
Interprofessional ECMO telerounding: a novel approach to neonatal ECMO clinical participation and education.
Brianna K Brei, Megan M Gray, +5 authors, Zeenia Billimoria.
J Perinatol, 2020 Sep 24; 41(4). PMID: 32963301    Free PMC article.
Pre-graduation medical training including virtual reality during COVID-19 pandemic: a report on students' perception.
Roberto De Ponti, Jacopo Marazzato, +3 authors, Marco M Ferrario.
BMC Med Educ, 2020 Sep 27; 20(1). PMID: 32977781    Free PMC article.
The sim must go on: adapting resident education to the COVID-19 pandemic using telesimulation.
Shivani M Patel, Christina R Miller, +2 authors, Deborah A Schwengel.
Adv Simul (Lond), 2020 Oct 02; 5. PMID: 32999738    Free PMC article.
Evaluation of a 3-Dimensional-Printed Head Simulation Technique for Teaching Flexible Nasopharyngoscopy to Radiation Oncology Residents.
Christopher D Goodman, Justin D Pautler, +11 authors, David A Palma.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 2020 Sep 07; 109(2). PMID: 32891794    Free PMC article.
What is the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on emergency medicine residency training: an observational study.
Hsiang-Yun Lo, Shen-Che Lin, +3 authors, Shou-Yen Chen.
BMC Med Educ, 2020 Oct 09; 20(1). PMID: 33028295    Free PMC article.
Initial Experience with a Virtual Platform for Advanced Gastrointestinal Minimally Invasive Surgery Fellowship Interviews.
Arnab Majumder, Shaina R Eckhouse, +6 authors, Jeffrey A Blatnik.
J Am Coll Surg, 2020 Sep 21; 231(6). PMID: 32950602    Free PMC article.
Residency training in the time of COVID-19: A framework for academic medical centers dealing with the pandemic.
Sawsan Abdel-Razig, Waqaas Ahmad, +6 authors, E Murat Tuzcu.
Perspect Med Educ, 2020 Oct 10; 10(2). PMID: 33034888    Free PMC article.
Impact of reduced elective ophthalmic surgical volume on U.S. hospitals during the early coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.
Michael J Fliotsos, Matthew J Best, +4 authors, Divya Srikumaran.
J Cataract Refract Surg, 2020 Sep 15; 47(3). PMID: 32925656    Free PMC article.
Adapting to the Educational Challenges of a Pandemic: Development of a Novel Virtual Urology Subinternship During the Time of COVID-19.
Cheyenne Williams, Olivia O Familusi, +5 authors, Robert Caleb Kovell.
Urology, 2020 Oct 13; 148. PMID: 33045288    Free PMC article.
COVID-19 Pandemic and the Lived Experience of Surgical Residents, Fellows, and Early-Career Surgeons in the American College of Surgeons.
Julia R Coleman, Jad M Abdelsattar, Roan J Glocker, RAS-ACS COVID-19 Task Force.
J Am Coll Surg, 2020 Oct 19; 232(2). PMID: 33069850    Free PMC article.
Redesigning the Paradigms of Clinical Practice for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in the Era of Lockdown for COVID-19: From Tradition to Telesemeiology.
Massimo Robiony, Elena Bocin, +3 authors, Alessandro Tel.
Int J Environ Res Public Health, 2020 Sep 17; 17(18). PMID: 32932911    Free PMC article.
Society of Gynecologic Oncology recommendations for fellowship education during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond: Innovating programs to optimize trainee success.
J Stuart Ferriss, Steve Rose, +6 authors, Christine Walsh.
Gynecol Oncol, 2020 Oct 21; 160(1). PMID: 33077260    Free PMC article.
Review.
Keep calm and carry on learning: using Microsoft Teams to deliver a medical education programme during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Daisy Henderson, Hannah Woodcock, +7 authors, Aine Burns.
Future Healthc J, 2020 Oct 24; 7(3). PMID: 33094260    Free PMC article.
Tele-education for hepatology residents in Bangladesh during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Mamun A Mahtab, Faizul Huq, +7 authors, Sheikh M F Akbar.
J Family Med Prim Care, 2020 Oct 29; 9(8). PMID: 33110891    Free PMC article.
How COVID-19 inspired surgical residents to rethink educational programs.
Riley Brian, Peter Stock, +3 authors, Patricia O'Sullivan.
Am J Surg, 2020 Oct 29; 221(5). PMID: 33109334    Free PMC article.
Impact of COVID-19 on Clinical and Academic Urological Practice: A Survey from European Association of Urology Section of Uro-technology.
Alexander Heinze, Paolo Umari, +5 authors, Ali S Gözen.
Eur Urol Open Sci, 2020 Oct 31; 21. PMID: 33123688    Free PMC article.
Should I be Concerned? Surgical Training in the Time of COVID19.
Maaz K Zuberi, Wasay Nizam, +3 authors, Terrence Fullum.
J Surg Educ, 2020 Nov 03; 78(3). PMID: 33132049    Free PMC article.
Medical Education, Pre- and Post-Pandemic Era: A Review Article.
Aldanah Althwanay, Farah Ahsan, +5 authors, Ian H Rutkofsky.
Cureus, 2020 Nov 07; 12(10). PMID: 33154845    Free PMC article.
Review.
Online learning and COVID-19: a meta-synthesis analysis.
Cristina Pires Camargo, Patricia Zen Tempski, +2 authors, Rolf Gemperli.
Clinics (Sao Paulo), 2020 Nov 12; 75. PMID: 33174948    Free PMC article.
Education in Academic Emergency Medicine During the COVID-19 Pandemic - Our Experience From an Ongoing Crisis.
Matthias Mueller, Christoph Schriefl, +3 authors, Florian Ettl.
Front Public Health, 2020 Nov 17; 8. PMID: 33194997    Free PMC article.
Impact of hospital lockdown secondary to COVID-19 and past pandemics on surgical practice: A living rapid systematic review.
Yung Lee, Abirami Kirubarajan, +3 authors, Dennis Hong.
Am J Surg, 2020 Nov 22; 222(1). PMID: 33218675    Free PMC article.
Systematic Review.
Multi-institutional virtual mock oral examinations for general surgery residents in the era of COVID-19.
Ivy A Huang, Yang Lu, +5 authors, James Wu.
Am J Surg, 2020 Nov 22; 221(2). PMID: 33218677    Free PMC article.
Commentary: Remote learning creates more room at the table.
Hope A Feldman, Mara B Antonoff.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg, 2020 Nov 22; 161(3). PMID: 33218754    Free PMC article.
Sustaining a national surgical training programme during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Soumen Das De, Mark E Puhaindran, +3 authors, Andrew Yuan Hui Chin.
Bone Jt Open, 2020 Nov 24; 1(5). PMID: 33225282    Free PMC article.
Conventional to online education during COVID-19 pandemic: Do develop and underdeveloped nations cope alike.
Atika Qazi, Khulla Naseer, +5 authors, Abdu Gumaei.
Child Youth Serv Rev, 2020 Oct 20; 119. PMID: 33071406    Free PMC article.
Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Student and Resident Teaching and Training in Surgical Oncology.
Hans-Michael Hau, Jürgen Weitz, Ulrich Bork.
J Clin Med, 2020 Oct 30; 9(11). PMID: 33114552    Free PMC article.
Review.
A Strategy for Undergraduate Medical Education in Urology During the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Tad A Manalo, Michelle I Higgins, +3 authors, Lindsey M Hartsell.
J Surg Educ, 2020 Nov 29; 78(3). PMID: 33246891    Free PMC article.
Impact of Covid-19 on undergraduate and residency training.
Lorenzo Giordano, Lucio Cipollaro, Filippo Migliorini, Nicola Maffulli.
Surgeon, 2020 Nov 30; 19(5). PMID: 33248923    Free PMC article.
Impact of Covid-19 on the urology service in United States: perspectives and strategies to face a Pandemic.
Giovanni Enrico Cacciamani, Mihir Shah, +3 authors, Gerhard Fuchs.
Int Braz J Urol, 2020 Jul 04; 46(suppl.1). PMID: 32618466    Free PMC article.
The emerging role of clinical informatics fellows in service learning during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Meera Subash, Matthew Sakumoto, +9 authors, Raman Khanna.
J Am Med Inform Assoc, 2020 Nov 10; 28(3). PMID: 33164076    Free PMC article.
Impacts on Surgery Resident Education at a First Wave COVID-19 Epicenter.
Alexander Ostapenko, Samantha McPeck, Shawn Liechty, Daniel Kleiner.
J Med Educ Curric Dev, 2020 Dec 08; 7. PMID: 33283051    Free PMC article.
Has COVID-19 Hurt Resident Education? A Network-Wide Resident Survey on Education and Experience During the Pandemic.
Alexander Ostapenko, Samantha McPeck, Shawn Liechty, Daniel Kleiner.
J Med Educ Curric Dev, 2020 Dec 18; 7. PMID: 33330743    Free PMC article.
The lasting footprint of COVID-19 on surgical education: A resident and attending perspective on the global pandemic.
Taryne A Imai, Harmik J Soukiasian, +2 authors, Farin Amersi.
Am J Surg, 2021 Jan 09; 222(3). PMID: 33413877    Free PMC article.
The Effect of COVID-19 on Training and Case Volume of Vascular Surgery Trainees.
Nicole Ilonzo, Issam Koleilat, +5 authors, John Phair.
Vasc Endovascular Surg, 2021 Jan 12; 55(5). PMID: 33427109    Free PMC article.
E-Learning amid the COVID-19 Lockdown: Standpoint of Medical and Dental Undergraduates.
Aiza Anwar, Hajra Mansoor, Danyal Faisal, Huma Saeed Khan.
Pak J Med Sci, 2021 Jan 14; 37(1). PMID: 33437280    Free PMC article.
Online Obstetrics and Gynecology Medical Students Clerkship During the Covid-19 Pandemic: a Pilot Study.
Shunit Armon, Yael Benyamini, Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky, Tehila Avitan.
Med Sci Educ, 2021 Jan 19;. PMID: 33457067    Free PMC article.
Medical students' perspective. A letter to the editor on "impact of coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on surgical practice - Part 1".
Yaser Hamza, Jubilent Amalendran, +2 authors, Hassan Ubaide.
Int J Surg, 2020 Jul 07; 80. PMID: 32629030    Free PMC article.
Lessons Learned from the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Call for a National Video-Based Curriculum for Urology Residents.
Alexandra L Tabakin, Hiren V Patel, Eric A Singer.
J Surg Educ, 2020 Aug 04; 78(1). PMID: 32741691    Free PMC article.
How We Do It: Implementing a Virtual, Multi-Institutional Collaborative Education Model for the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond.
Ariana Metchik, Sally Boyd, +6 authors, Jeffrey Stern.
J Surg Educ, 2021 Jan 09; 78(4). PMID: 33414042    Free PMC article.
Online teaching of basic surgical skills to medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic: a case-control study.
Michael Co, Patrick Ho-Yu Chung, Kent-Man Chu.
Surg Today, 2021 Jan 26; 51(8). PMID: 33492484    Free PMC article.
Planning virtual residency interviews as a result of COVID-19: insight from residency applicants and physicians conducting interviews.
Jacob Shreffler, Melissa Platt, Selena Thé, Martin Huecker.
Postgrad Med J, 2021 Jan 29;. PMID: 33504613    Free PMC article.
A combined approach in prolonged COVID-19 pandemic to teach undergraduate surgery students-future primary care physicians.
Puneet K Agarwal.
J Family Med Prim Care, 2021 Feb 04; 9(11). PMID: 33532382    Free PMC article.
Review.
Tips for Conducting Telesimulation-Based Medical Education.
Anita Thomas, Rebekah Burns, Elizabeth Sanseau, Marc Auerbach.
Cureus, 2021 Feb 09; 13(1). PMID: 33552792    Free PMC article.
We're Not Sure We Like It but We Still Want More: Trainee and Faculty Perceptions of Remote Learning During the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Jonathan P Heldt, Alpna Agrawal, +3 authors, Katrina DeBonis.
Acad Psychiatry, 2021 Feb 18; 45(5). PMID: 33594628    Free PMC article.
Evaluation of Curricular Adaptations Using Digital Transformation in a Medical School in Arabian Gulf during the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Archana Prabu Kumar, Ahmed Mohammed Al Ansari, +5 authors, Khaled Saeed Tabbara.
J Microsc Ultrastruct, 2021 Feb 25; 8(4). PMID: 33623745    Free PMC article.
Controlled Study of the Impact of a Virtual Program to Reduce Stigma Among University Students Toward People With Mental Disorders.
Matías E Rodríguez-Rivas, Adolfo J Cangas, Daniela Fuentes-Olavarría.
Front Psychiatry, 2021 Feb 27; 12. PMID: 33633613    Free PMC article.
Impact of ophthalmic webinars on the resident's learning experience during COVID-19 pandemic: An insight into its present and future prospects.
Sushobhan Dasgupta, Tarannum Shakeel, +7 authors, Himani Gupta.
Indian J Ophthalmol, 2020 Dec 17; 69(1). PMID: 33323600    Free PMC article.
A comparative study regarding distance learning and the conventional face-to-face approach conducted problem-based learning tutorial during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Chi-Chung Foo, Billy Cheung, Kent-Man Chu.
BMC Med Educ, 2021 Mar 05; 21(1). PMID: 33658015    Free PMC article.
Early adaptation of urology residency programs during COVID-19 clinical and gathering restrictions.
Adam Gabara, Michael Leveridge.
Can Med Educ J, 2021 Mar 09; 12(1). PMID: 33680253    Free PMC article.
Mindful Medical Education Online.
Catherine Haras, Austin Calhoun, Andrew Pj Olson, Mark Rosenberg.
Med Sci Educ, 2021 Mar 11;. PMID: 33688449    Free PMC article.
Technologic optimization of a virtual disease focused panel during the COVID pandemic and beyond.
Mohammed Saleh, Priya Bhosale, +3 authors, Ajaykumar Morani.
Abdom Radiol (NY), 2021 Mar 17; 46(7). PMID: 33725146    Free PMC article.
Medical Morphology Training Using the Xuexi Tong Platform During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Development and Validation of a Web-Based Teaching Approach.
Qinlai Liu, Wenping Sun, +5 authors, Li Ge.
JMIR Med Inform, 2021 Feb 11; 9(3). PMID: 33566792    Free PMC article.
Pediatric flexible airway endoscopy training during a pandemic and beyond: Bending the curve.
Albin Leong, Dan Benscoter, +2 authors, Robert E Wood.
Pediatr Pulmonol, 2021 Feb 10; 56(6). PMID: 33559942    Free PMC article.
Simulation-based emergency medicine education in the era of physical distancing.
Nur-Ain Nadir, Jane Kim, +6 authors, Michael Falk.
AEM Educ Train, 2021 Apr 01;. PMID: 33786408    Free PMC article.
We know the problem, now it is time to find a solution: supporting residents during the COVID-19 pandemic.
D C Guven.
Intern Med J, 2021 Feb 12; 51(1). PMID: 33572008    Free PMC article.
Analytical study on the impact of technology in higher education during the age of COVID-19: Systematic literature review.
Manar Abu Talib, Anissa M Bettayeb, Razan I Omer.
Educ Inf Technol (Dordr), 2021 Apr 06;. PMID: 33814958    Free PMC article.
The Impact of Telehealth on Clinical Education in Adolescent Medicine During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Positive Preliminary Findings.
Do-Quyen Pham, Sarah A Golub, Cora Collette Breuner, Yolanda N Evans.
Front Pediatr, 2021 Apr 06; 9. PMID: 33816404    Free PMC article.
Immediate consequences and solutions used to maintain medical education during the COVID-19 pandemic for residents and medical students: a restricted review.
François Chasset, Matthias Barral, Olivier Steichen, Anne Legrand.
Postgrad Med J, 2021 Apr 03;. PMID: 33795479    Free PMC article.
Optimizing e-learning in oncology during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond.
Monica Malik, Deepthi Valiyaveettil, Deepa Joseph.
Radiat Oncol J, 2021 Apr 02; 39(1). PMID: 33794568    Free PMC article.
The impact of COVID-19 on surgical training at a tertiary hospital in Greece: a 'hidden infectious enemy' for junior surgeons?
Michail Vailas, Maria Sotiropoulou, +3 authors, Ioannis Maroulis.
Eur Surg, 2021 Apr 15;. PMID: 33850514    Free PMC article.
Risk factors associated with physician trainee concern over missed educational opportunities during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Sunny S Lou, Charles W Goss, +2 authors, Thomas Kannampallil.
BMC Med Educ, 2021 Apr 19; 21(1). PMID: 33865390    Free PMC article.
The influence of the COVID-19 outbreak on European trainees in obstetrics and gynaecology: A survey of the impact on training and trainee.
Ferry Boekhorst, Hajra Khattak, +2 authors, Manuel Gonçalves Henriques.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol, 2021 Apr 24; 261. PMID: 33892209    Free PMC article.
COVID-19 as a disruptor: innovation and value in a national virtual fracture conference.
Matthew K Stein, Matthew Loren Webb, +3 authors, Derek J Donegan.
OTA Int, 2021 May 04; 4(1). PMID: 33937721    Free PMC article.
Factors Associated With General Surgery Residents' Operative Experience During the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Amanda C Purdy, Christian de Virgilio, +16 authors, Farin Amersi.
JAMA Surg, 2021 May 01; 156(8). PMID: 33929493    Free PMC article.
One Year of Pandemic Learning Response: Benefits of Massive Online Delivery of the World Health Organization's Technical Guidance.
Heini Utunen, Maria D Van Kerkhove, +3 authors, Ibrahima Socé Fall.
JMIR Public Health Surveill, 2021 Apr 22; 7(4). PMID: 33881404    Free PMC article.
Inspired by COVID-19 isolation: Evolving educational techniques in dermatology residency programs.
Steven A Svoboda, Anna Swigert, Colton B Nielson, Kiran Motaparthi.
Clin Dermatol, 2021 May 12; 39(1). PMID: 33972050    Free PMC article.
Barriers and facilitators to online medical and nursing education during the COVID-19 pandemic: perspectives from international students from low- and middle-income countries and their teaching staff.
Wen Li, Robyn Gillies, +4 authors, Hong Sun.
Hum Resour Health, 2021 May 14; 19(1). PMID: 33980228    Free PMC article.
Mixed Assessment of Virtual Serious Games Applied in Architectural and Urban Design Education.
David Fonseca, Janaina Cavalcanti, +5 authors, Ernesto Redondo.
Sensors (Basel), 2021 May 06; 21(9). PMID: 33946868    Free PMC article.
University Students Perception of Online Education: Is Engagement Enough?
Apostolos Fyllos, Asimakis Kanellopoulos, +5 authors, Aristeidis Zibis.
Acta Inform Med, 2021 May 21; 29(1). PMID: 34012206    Free PMC article.
Experiences and Attitudes of Elementary School Students and Their Parents Toward Online Learning in China During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Questionnaire Study.
Shu Cui, Chao Zhang, +8 authors, Xiaoqin Zhou.
J Med Internet Res, 2021 Apr 21; 23(5). PMID: 33878022    Free PMC article.
An Imperative for the National Public Health School in Burkina Faso to Promote the Use of Information and Communication Technologies in Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Critical Analysis.
Arzouma Hermann Pilabré, Patrice Ngangue, Abibata Barro, Yacouba Pafadnam.
JMIR Med Educ, 2021 May 11; 7(2). PMID: 33970868    Free PMC article.
An Adapted Online Family Medicine Training for House Officers Amid Covid-19 Pandemic in Egypt.
Marwa M Ahmed, Samar Fares, Asmaa A Sayed, Inas T El Sayed.
J Prim Care Community Health, 2021 May 15; 12. PMID: 33985376    Free PMC article.
Technology-mediated teaching and learning process: A conceptual study of educators' response amidst the Covid-19 pandemic.
Kingsley Okoye, Jorge Alfonso Rodriguez-Tort, Jose Escamilla, Samira Hosseini.
Educ Inf Technol (Dordr), 2021 May 25;. PMID: 34025205    Free PMC article.
The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Service Sector Sustainability and Growth.
Shihui Xiang, Saad Rasool, +3 authors, Alin Emanuel Artene.
Front Psychol, 2021 May 25; 12. PMID: 34025507    Free PMC article.
Review.
Lived Experiences of Surgical Residents During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Assessment.
Jad M Abdelsattar, Julia R Coleman, +10 authors, Kathryn Spanknebel.
J Surg Educ, 2021 May 29;. PMID: 34045160    Free PMC article.
COVID-19 and the medical education system in ophthalmology - Lessons learned and future directions.
Sucheta Parija, Sujata Das.
Indian J Ophthalmol, 2021 Apr 30; 69(5). PMID: 33913895    Free PMC article.
Effect of the event strength of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on potential online organic agricultural product consumption and rural health tourism opportunities.
Jie Yin, Youcheng Chen, Yingchao Ji.
MDE Manage Decis Econ, 2021 Jun 22; 42(5). PMID: 34149119    Free PMC article.
Reshaping surgical specialist training in small animal surgery during and after the COVID-19 pandemic.
Akash Alexander, Heidi Radke.
Vet Surg, 2021 May 27; 50(5). PMID: 34036591    Free PMC article.
Faculty perspectives on transitioning public health nursing clinical to virtual in response to COVID-19.
Mallory Bejster, Heide Cygan, +3 authors, Tanya Friese.
Public Health Nurs, 2021 May 30; 38(5). PMID: 34050683    Free PMC article.
Endoscopy training in COVID-19: Challenges and hope for a better age.
Chieh Sian Koo, Kewin Tien Ho Siah, Calvin Jianyi Koh.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol, 2021 Apr 20; 36(10). PMID: 33871079    Free PMC article.
Review.
COVID-19 fear and volatility index movements: empirical insights from ASEAN stock markets.
Muhammad Sadiq, Ching-Chi Hsu, YunQian Zhang, Fengsheng Chien.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2021 Jul 11;. PMID: 34245412    Free PMC article.
Examining the impact of COVID-19 restrictions on the operative volumes of US general surgery residents.
Allison M Ammann, Alexander R Cortez, +5 authors, Ralph C Quillin.
Surgery, 2021 Jul 13;. PMID: 34247838    Free PMC article.
Review of flipped learning in engineering education: Scientific mapping and research horizon.
Md Abdullah Al Mamun, Md Abul Kalam Azad, Md Abdullah Al Mamun, Michael Boyle.
Educ Inf Technol (Dordr), 2021 Jul 15;. PMID: 34257512    Free PMC article.
Digital Technology-Based Telemedicine for the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Yu-Ting Shen, Liang Chen, Wen-Wen Yue, Hui-Xiong Xu.
Front Med (Lausanne), 2021 Jul 24; 8. PMID: 34295908    Free PMC article.
Review.
A Tale of Two Cities: Residents' Operative Experience in the United Kingdom and Germany During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic.
Nithish Jayakumar, Sönke Hellwig, +3 authors, Surash Surash.
World Neurosurg, 2021 Jul 20; 154. PMID: 34280539    Free PMC article.
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the practice of endocrine surgery.
Toni Beninato, Amanda M Laird, +8 authors, Carrie C Lubitz.
Am J Surg, 2021 Jul 29;. PMID: 34315576    Free PMC article.
COVID-19 AND DENTAL DISTANCE-BASED EDUCATION: students' perceptions in an Italian University.
Paolo Di Giacomo, Carlo Di Paolo.
BMC Med Educ, 2021 Aug 04; 21(1). PMID: 34340662    Free PMC article.
Pedagogical Leaders and the Teaching-Learning Processes in COVID-19 Times.
Emilio Álvarez-Arregui, Eufrasio Pérez-Navío, Raúl González-Fernández, Alejandro Rodríguez-Martín.
Int J Environ Res Public Health, 2021 Aug 08; 18(15). PMID: 34360024    Free PMC article.
A Framework for Assuring the Safety, Training, Evaluation, and Wellness of Radiation Oncology Residents During the COVID-19 Pandemic (ASTEROiD-COVID19).
Christopher D Goodman, Rohann J M Correa, +3 authors, Timothy K Nguyen.
Adv Radiat Oncol, 2021 Jul 27; 6(5). PMID: 34307965    Free PMC article.
Review.
Virtually Possible: Medical Student Rehabilitation Rotations During a Pandemic.
Laura Y Huang, Nathan McKenty, +7 authors, David R Gater.
Am J Phys Med Rehabil, 2021 Jun 27; 100(9). PMID: 34173775    Free PMC article.
Medical and Surgical Education Challenges and Innovations in the COVID-19 Era: A Systematic Review.
Aikaterini Dedeilia, Marinos G Sotiropoulos, +3 authors, Michail Sideris.
In Vivo, 2020 Jun 07; 34(3 Suppl). PMID: 32503818    Free PMC article.
Systematic Review.
The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Urology Residents: a Narrative Review.
Johnathan A Khusid, Mahyar Kashani, +2 authors, Mantu Gupta.
Curr Urol Rep, 2021 Aug 25; 22(9). PMID: 34427779    Free PMC article.
Review.
Disaster Training Following COVID-19 for Pediatric Medical Residents: Demand and Format.
Kaitlyn Boggs, Tress Goodwin, Joelle Simpson.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep, 2021 Jun 19;. PMID: 34140056    Free PMC article.
Has 2020 been a lost year in orthopedic surgery and trauma training? Residents' perceptions.
M Vázquez Gómez, M Galipienso Eri, A Hernández Martínez.
Rev Esp Cir Ortop Traumatol (Engl Ed), 2021 Aug 23;. PMID: 34419383    Free PMC article.
Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Clinical Learning Environment: Addressing Identified Gaps and Seizing Opportunities.
Justin D Triemstra, Mary R C Haas, +11 authors, Herodotos Ellinas.
Acad Med, 2021 Aug 26; 96(9). PMID: 34432665    Free PMC article.
Remote Simulator Training of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting during the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Kenichiro Takahashi, Chiharu Tanaka, +6 authors, Kumiko Wada.
JTCVS Open, 2021 Aug 31;. PMID: 34458874    Free PMC article.
[Impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on specialized healthcare training in a teaching center].
M I González-Anglada, C Garmendia-Fernández, +3 authors, A I Huelmos-Rodrigo.
J Healthc Qual Res, 2021 Aug 31;. PMID: 34456180    Free PMC article.
Commentary: Zoom into the coronary anastomosis during COVID-19.
Danial Ahmad, Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili.
JTCVS Open, 2021 Sep 07;. PMID: 34485948    Free PMC article.
Impact of the early COVID-19 pandemic on Breast Surgical Oncology fellow education.
Lyndsey J Kilgore, Brittany L Murphy, +6 authors, Mediget Teshome.
J Surg Oncol, 2021 Jul 31;. PMID: 34328640    Free PMC article.
Teaching and Learning Modalities in Higher Education During the Pandemic: Responses to Coronavirus Disease 2019 From Spain.
Ana Verde, Jose Manuel Valero.
Front Psychol, 2021 Sep 11; 12. PMID: 34504455    Free PMC article.
Multilevel factor analysis of flipped classroom in dental education: A 3-year randomized controlled trial.
Zuo Wang, Eiko Yoshida Kohno, +4 authors, Noriyuki Wakabayashi.
PLoS One, 2021 Sep 11; 16(9). PMID: 34506512    Free PMC article.
Advanced Trauma Life Support Course Delivery: Comparison of Outcomes From Modifications During Covid-19.
Lauren Dyer, Luis Llerena, +2 authors, Frank Whitaker.
Cureus, 2021 Sep 14; 13(8). PMID: 34513416    Free PMC article.
Challenges to the orthopedic resident workforce during the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic: Lessons learnt from a global cross-sectional survey.
Aju Bosco, Hui Wen Tay, +8 authors, Hwee Weng Dennis Hey.
J Orthop, 2021 Sep 15; 27. PMID: 34518748    Free PMC article.
The Impact of COVID-19 on the Orthopaedic Surgery Residency Experience.
Devan O Higginbotham, Abdul K Zalikha, Steven K Stoker, Bryan E Little.
Spartan Med Res J, 2021 Sep 18; 6(2). PMID: 34532623    Free PMC article.
[Re: Teaching surgery in 2021: What role for simulation?]
Jean-Baptiste de Villeneuve Bargemon, Romain Léonard, Eddy Traversari.
J Chir Visc, 2021 Sep 16;. PMID: 34522238    Free PMC article.
Teaching strategies and outcomes in 3 different times of the COVID-19 pandemic through a dynamic assessment of medical skills and wellness of surgical trainees.
Fanny Rodriguez Santos, Esteban González Salazar, +9 authors, Martín de Santibañes.
Surgery, 2021 Sep 23;. PMID: 34548160    Free PMC article.
In response to "Never the same - a commentary on surgical trainee well-being in the COVID era".
Stephen Chu, Samuel Hale.
J Pediatr Surg, 2021 Sep 27;. PMID: 34563361    Free PMC article.
Using Technology to Enhance Teaching and Learning in Pharmacy Education.
Clark D Kebodeaux, Vivienne Mak.
Pharmacy (Basel), 2021 Sep 27; 9(3). PMID: 34564557    Free PMC article.
Feasibility and acceptability of virtually coaching residents on communication skills: a pilot study.
Marzena Sasnal, Rebecca Miller-Kuhlmann, +6 authors, Carl A Gold.
BMC Med Educ, 2021 Sep 30; 21(1). PMID: 34583691    Free PMC article.
Design Your Exam (DYE): A Novel Active Learning Technique to Increase Pharmacy Student Engagement in the Learning Process.
Ahmad A Shahba, Ibrahim Sales.
Saudi Pharm J, 2021 Oct 06;. PMID: 34608368    Free PMC article.
Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Orthopaedic Surgery Residency Application Process: What Can We Learn?
Kevin Y Wang, Jacob Babu, +3 authors, Dawn LaPorte.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev, 2021 Oct 05; 5(10). PMID: 34605796    Free PMC article.