Journal Article
. 2020 Apr;99(16).
doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000019664.

Radiogenomics of magnetic resonance imaging and a new multi-gene classifier for predicting recurrence prognosis in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer: A preliminary study

Yukiko Tokuda 1 Masahiro Yanagawa 1 Kaori Minamitani 2 Yasuto Naoi 3 Shinzaburo Noguchi 3 Noriyuki Tomiyama 1 
Affiliations
  • PMID: 32311939
  •     41 References

Abstract

To examine the correlation of qualitative and quantitative dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) results with 95-gene classifier or Curebest 95-gene classifier Breast (95GC) results for recurrence prediction in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer (ERPBC).This retrospective study included 78 ERPBC patients (age range, 24-74 years) classified into high- (n = 33) and low- (n = 45) risk groups for recurrence based on 95GC and who underwent DCE-MRI between July 2006 and November 2012. For qualitative evaluation, mass shape, margin, and internal enhancement based on BI-RADS MRI lexicon and multiplicity were determined by consensus interpretation by 2 breast radiologists. For quantitative evaluation, mass size, volume ratios of the DCE-MRI kinetics, and both the kurtosis and the skewness of the intensity histogram for the whole mass in the initial and delayed phases were determined. Differences between the 2 risk-groups were analyzed using univariate logistic regression analyses and multiple logistic regression analyses. Receiver-operating characteristic curve cut-off values were used to define the groups.As for the qualitative findings, the difference between the 2 groups was not significant. For the quantitative data, the volume ratio of "medium" in the initial phase differed significantly between the 2 groups (P = .049). The volume ratio of "medium" (P = .006) and of "slow-persistent" (P = .005), and the delayed phase kurtosis (P = .012) in the univariate logistic regression analyses, and in the multiple logistic regression, volume ratio of "medium" >38.9% and delayed phase kurtosis >3.31 were identified as significant high-risk indicators (odds ratio, 5.83 and 3.55; 95% confidence interval, 1.58 to 21.42 and 1.24 to 10.15; P = .008 and P = .018, respectively).A high volume ratio of "medium" in the initial phase and/or high kurtosis in the delayed phase for quantitative evaluation could predict high ERPBC recurrence risk based on 95GC.