Journal Article
. 2020 May;20(1).
doi: 10.1186/s12885-020-06939-6.

PPFIA1 expression associates with poor response to endocrine treatment in luminal breast cancer

Lutfi H Alfarsi 1 Rokaya El Ansari 1 Madeleine L Craze 1 Brendah K Masisi 1 Ian O Ellis 1 Emad A Rakha 1 Andrew R Green 2 
  • PMID: 32410585
  •     34 References


Background: PPFIA1 is an important regulator of cell migration and invasion, regulating focal adhesion signalling and disassembly. PPFIA1 is frequently amplified in breast cancer, and recent functional studies indicate that PPFIA1 is an important promoter of migration and invasion in breast cancer. This study aims to evaluate the utility of PPFIA1 expression in the luminal breast cancer as a prognostic marker to predict the response to endocrine therapy.

Methods: Large, well-characterised cohorts of primary luminal breast cancer patients with long-term follow-up was assessed for the clinical impact of PPFIA1 expression at the transcriptomic and proteomic levels. Prognostic significance of PPFIA1 and its relationship with clinical outcome and benefit of endocrine therapy were analysed. In addition, its association with other related-genes was analysed.

Results: There was significant association between PPFIA1 expression and a member of the liprin family that involves in cell invasion (PPFIBPI), and the cell cycle regulator (CCND1), whereas a negative association was observed with the tumour suppressor gene (CD82). Patients with high PPFIA1 expression were associated with high risk of recurrence, distant metastasis and death from breast cancer (P < 0.05). Importantly, high PPFIA1 expression predicted relapse in a subset of patients who were subject to endocrine treatment alone, and was an independent prognostic marker of unfavourable outcome in these patients (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: These findings support the proposed role for PPFIA1 as a regulator of cell migration in breast cancer and provides definitive evidence for the clinical utility of PPFIA1 expression in patients with luminal breast cancer. Most importantly, our data suggests that PPFIA1 might be a potential predictive marker for poor benefit from endocrine therapy.

Keywords: Breast cancer; Endocrine resistance; Liprin; Oestrogen receptor; PPFIA1; Predictive biomarker.

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