Journal Article
. 2020 May;182(1).
doi: 10.1007/s10549-020-05688-1.

EndoPredict® in early hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer

K Almstedt 1 S Mendoza 2 M Otto 3 M J Battista 2 J Steetskamp 2 A S Heimes 2 S Krajnak 2 A Poplawski 4 A Gerhold-Ay 4 A Hasenburg 2 C Denkert 5 M Schmidt 2 
Affiliations
  • PMID: 32436145
  •     32 References

Abstract

Purpose: Evaluating consecutive early breast cancer patients, we analyzed both the impact of EndoPredict® on clinical decisions as well as clinico-pathological factors influencing the decision to perform this gene expression test.

Methods: Hormone receptor (HR)-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative early breast cancer patients treated between 2011 and 2016 were included in this study to investigate the role of EndoPredict® (EPclin) in the treatment of early breast cancer. A main study aim was to analyze the changes in therapy recommendations with and without EPclin. In addition, the impact of clinico-pathological parameters for the decision to perform EPclin was examined by Pearson's chi-squared test (χ2-test) and Fisher's exact test as well as univariate and multivariate logistic regressions.

Results: In a cohort of 869 consecutive early HR-positive, HER-negative breast cancer patients, EPclin was utilized in 156 (18.0%) patients. EPclin led to changes in therapy recommendations in 33.3% (n = 52), with both therapy escalation in 19.2% (n = 30) and de-escalation in 14.1% (n = 22). The clinico-pathological factors influencing the use of EPclin were age (P < 0.001, odds ratio [OR] 0.498), tumor size (P = 0.011, OR 0.071), nodal status (P = 0.021, OR 1.674), histological grade (P = 0.043, OR 0.432), and Ki-67 (P < 0.001, OR 3.599).

Conclusions: EPclin led to a change in therapy recommendations in one third of the patients. Clinico-pathological parameters such as younger age, smaller tumor size, positive nodal status, intermediate histological grade and intermediate Ki-67 had a significant influence on the use of EndoPredict®.

Keywords: Early breast cancer; EndoPredict®; Endocrine therapy; Gene expression; Prognosis; Treatment decision.

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