Journal Article
. 2020 Dec;12().
doi: 10.1177/1758835920973130.

The run-in phase of the prospective WSG-ADAPT HR+/HER2- trial demonstrates the feasibility of a study design combining static and dynamic biomarker assessments for individualized therapy in early breast cancer

Ulrike Nitz 1 Oleg Gluz 1 Hans H Kreipe 2 Matthias Christgen 2 Sherko Kuemmel 1 Frederick L Baehner 3 Steven Shak 3 Bahriye Aktas 4 Michael Braun 5 Kerstin Lüdtke-Heckenkamp 6 Helmut Forstbauer 7 Eva-Maria Grischke 8 Benno Nuding 9 Maren Darsow 10 Claudia Schumacher 11 Katja Krauss 12 Wolfram Malter 13 Marc Thill 14 Mathias Warm 15 Rachel Wuerstlein 16 Ronald E Kates 1 Nadia Harbeck 17 
  • PMID: 33281950
  •     14 References


Background: Endocrine sensitivity, as determined by response of the proliferation marker Ki-67 to short-term preoperative endocrine therapy (ET), is currently not included in adjuvant treatment decisions in hormone receptor (HR)+/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)- breast cancer (BC).

Methods: The prospective WSG-ADAPT HR+/HER2- trial included patients with N0/N1 early BC who were candidates for adjuvant chemotherapy based on clinical-pathological criteria alone. The trial utilized a genomic assessment [the Recurrence Score (RS)] plus endocrine sensitivity testing to guide treatment. All patients received 3 (±1) weeks of preoperative induction ET. According to protocol, patients with RS 0-11 or RS 12-25 plus endocrine proliferation response (EPR, post-induction Ki-67 ⩽ 10%) were to be spared adjuvant chemotherapy.

Results: The ADAPT HR+/HER2- trial run-in phase included 407 patients with baseline RS, of whom 386 (median age: 54 years) had complete data for Ki-67 at both baseline and post-induction. RS distribution: 23.1% RS 0-11, 58.3% RS 12-25, and 18.7% RS 26-100. EPR occurred in 84.3%, 76.0%, and 36.1% of these RS groups, respectively. Differences in EPR proportions (RS 26-100 versus others, RS 0-11 versus others) were significant (both p < 0.001); Ki-67 quotients were higher for RS 26-100 (p = 0.02, Mann-Whitney). In premenopausal women (n = 146, mostly tamoxifen-treated), median quotient of Ki-67 level (post/pre) was significantly higher than in postmenopausal women (n = 222, mostly aromatase-inhibitor treated; 0.67 versus 0.25, p < 0.001). EPR was significantly associated with baseline estrogen-receptor status as determined by immunohistochemistry (p = 0.002) or real-time polymerase chain reaction (p < 0.001). Also, a strong correlation was observed between RS measured pre- and post-ET (RS = 0.7, n = 181).

Conclusions: This phase of the WSG-ADAPT HR+/HER2- trial confirms trial design estimates of RS and EPR. It indicates that the ADAPT concept of combining static and dynamic biomarker assessment for individualized therapy decisions in early BC is feasible using the EPR criterion post-induction Ki-67 ⩽ 10%.

Clinicaltrialsgov Identifier: NCT01779206.

Keywords: Ki-67; Recurrence Score; biomarker; breast cancer; endocrine therapy.

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