Journal Article
. 1993 Jan;53(1).

Increased stromelysin 3 gene expression is associated with increased local invasiveness in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas

D Muller 1 C Wolf  J Abecassis  R Millon  A Engelmann  G Bronner  N Rouyer  M C Rio  M Eber  G Methlin  
  • PMID: 7677979
  •     48 citations


Matrix metalloproteinases are believed to play an important role in tumor invasion and metastasis. To examine the expression of the stromelysin 3 (ST3) gene, a new member of the matrix metalloproteinase gene family, 111 head and neck squamous cell carcinomas and 21 metastatic lymph nodes were analyzed by Northern blot. ST3 gene expression was observed in 106 carcinomas and 19 metastatic nodes, but in only 2 of 60 samples of corresponding normal tissue tested in parallel. ST3 RNA, by in situ hybridization, and ST3 protein, by immunohistochemical analysis, were specifically detected in fibroblastic cells immediately surrounding invasive cancer cells. This fibroblastic expression of the ST3 gene is characteristic among the matrix metalloproteinase genes known to be overexpressed in head and neck carcinomas, since stromelysin 2 transcripts were specifically detected in neoplastic cells, and type I collagenase transcripts in both neoplastic cells and stromal fibroblasts. Furthermore, there was a highly significant positive correlation (P < 0.0001) between ST3 RNA levels and local invasiveness by the cancer cells, suggesting that enhanced expression of the ST3 gene may contribute to the neoplastic phenotype in head and neck carcinomas.

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